In evidenza

Trump Is Ill-Suited to Respond to the Coronavirus Outbreak (Defense One)

A crisis that is heading into its third month could draw out every personal and managerial failing that the president has shown to this point.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/trump-ill-suited-respond-coronavirus-outbreak/163190/?oref=d-river

BY PETER NICHOLAS

In evidenza

Health Care in President Trump’s Fiscal Year 2021 Budget (Brookings)

On February 10, the White House released President Trump’s fiscal year 2021 budget.1 Budgets are often described as statements of priorities. This budget attempts to obscure what remains atop the Trump administration’s health policy priority list: eliminating the coverage expansions implemented by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).

https://jamanetwork.com/channels/health-forum/fullarticle/2761532

Matthew FiedlerLoren AdlerChristen Linke Young

In evidenza

Security in the Arab-Persian Gulf (Valdai Discussion Club)

Today, Russia is the only country capable of holding talks with all Gulf capitals, and hosting their representatives. This is something those capitals must consider and benefit from, by working with Russia to launch a practical course of action to create the “Gulf Security and Cooperation Organization”, to guarantee the security and cooperation in the gulf countries and among their peoples, writes Amal Abou Zeid, advisor to the President Lebanon; Member of the Lebanese Parliament, Free Patriotic Movement (2016–2018), and participant of the Ninth Middle East Conference of the Valdai Duscission Club

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/security-arab-persian-gulf/

Amal Abou Zeid

 

In evidenza

America Is Alone in Its Cold War With China (Defense One)

If the Trump administration is truly going all-in on competition with Beijing, it’s not clear that Trump himself is fully on board. Nor, it’s now clear, are several of America’s closest friends.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/america-alone-its-cold-war-china/163164/?oref=d-river

BY URI FRIEDMAN

In evidenza

Adapting to a Fast-Forward World (Project-Syndicate)

The world is going through a period of accelerating change, as four secular developments illustrate. Firms and governments must make timely adjustments, not only to their business models and operational approaches, but also to both their tactical and strategic mindsets.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/companies-and-governments-adapt-to-four-secular-changes-by-mohamed-a-el-erian-2020-02

Mohamed A. El-Erian, Chief Economic Adviser at Allianz, the corporate parent of PIMCO where he served as CEO and co-Chief Investment Officer, was Chairman of US President Barack Obama’s Global Development Council. He is President Elect of Queens’ College (Cambridge University), senior adviser at Gramercy, and Part-time Practice Professor at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. He previously served as CEO of the Harvard Management Company and Deputy Director at the International Monetary Fund. He was named one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers four years running. He is the author, most recently, of The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse.

In evidenza

Trump’s “Currency Manipulation” Con (Project-Syndicate)

The long-awaited “phase one” deal between the United States and China has not ended US trade warfare. Instead, President Donald Trump’s administration has devised yet another tool with which to tilt the playing field against foreign competitors, all but ensuring that damaging and unnecessary trade conflicts will continue.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-currency-manipulation-tariffs-by-anne-krueger-2020-02

Anne O. Krueger, a former World Bank chief economist and former first deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund, is Senior Research Professor of International Economics at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and Senior Fellow at the Center for International Development, Stanford University.

In evidenza

The Paradigm Shift on Palestine (Project-Syndicate)

The Trump administration’s Israel-Palestine peace plan has undermined the belief that internationally agreed principles, such as the need to adhere to the pre-1967 borders, are unassailable. Given how willing the rest of the world seems to be to abandon the Palestinians, these losses will not be easy to reverse.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-israel-palestine-peace-plan-by-shlomo-ben-ami-2020-02

Shlomo Ben-Ami, a former Israeli foreign minister, is Vice President of the Toledo International Center for Peace. He is the author of Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy.

In evidenza

MENA: Renewed wave of mass uprisings met with brutality and repression during ‘year of defiance’ (Amnesty International)

  • Report reviews human rights in 19 MENA states during 2019
  • Wave of protests across Algeria, Iraq, Iran and Lebanon demonstrates reinvigorated faith in people power
  • 500+ killed in Iraq and over 300 in Iran in brutal crackdowns on protests
  • Relentless clampdown on peaceful critics and human rights defenders
  • At least 136 prisoners of conscience detained in 12 countries for online speech

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/02/mena-renewed-wave-of-mass-uprisings-met-with-brutality-and-repression-during-year-of-defiance/

In evidenza

Judicial Challenges to the Dominance of Pakistan’s Army (BESA Center)

The government of Pakistan, led by the PTI party, has filed a review petition before the Pakistani Supreme Court against the Court’s decision that the term of Army Chief Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa continue for another six months, during which time the parliament should legislate on the position’s extension or reappointment. The government argues that Bajwa’s term should be extended not for six months but for three years, and that the position’s term is none of the parliament’s business. This leaves no doubt that a civilian politician wishing to enjoy his stay at the prime minister’s residence has essentially no option but to bend to the will of the Army Chief, who is the most powerful person in Pakistan.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/pakistan-military-judicial-challenges/

By 

In evidenza

The Triangle Area in the “Deal of the Century” (BESA Center)

The “Deal of the Century” suggests that a triangle of Israeli Arab communities that were disputed by Israel and Transjordan during the 1949 armistice negotiations can become part of the state of Palestine at such time as the state is established. This suggestion has raised the ire of Israeli Arabs and Jews who view it as an attempt at population “transfer”, though no residents due to come under Palestinian jurisdiction will be required to leave their homes. It is also historically suspect, as it depends on a faulty reading of the history of the armistice negotiations.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/israel-triangle-peace-plan/

By 

In evidenza

A Short History of Palestinian Rejectionism (BESA Center)

The consistent and enduring Palestinian rejection of any and all peace initiatives with Israel, most recently the “Deal of the Century,” calls into question the commitment of the Palestinian leadership not only to peace but to the very welfare and safety of the Palestinian people.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/palestinian-rejectionism/

By 

In evidenza

Turkey’s “Defense Line”: An Ideological Front (BESA Center)

Turkey’s latest moves in Libya and the eastern Mediterranean should be viewed in the context of the recent Kuala Lumpur Summit, which announced the emergence of a new ideological bloc to counter Saudi Arabia consisting of Iran, Turkey, Qatar, and Malaysia. Turkey’s new geopolitical strategy is as much ideological as it is “defensive.”

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/turkey-strategy-ideology/

By 

In evidenza

Examining the Coronavirus Outbreak: China, Markets, and Global Health Governance (CFR)

Speakers discuss how the coronavirus outbreak is testing global health governance, its broader economic consequences, and its implications for the Chinese political system.

https://www.cfr.org/event/examining-coronavirus-outbreak-china-markets-and-global-health-governance

Speakers
Thomas R. Frieden

President and Chief Executive Officer, Resolve to Save Lives, an initiative of Vital Strategies; Former Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Senior Fellow for Global Health, Council on Foreign Relations; @YanzhongHuang

Jennifer Nuzzo

Senior Scholar, Center for Health Security, and Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, and Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Steven A. Tananbaum Senior Fellow for International Economics, Council on Foreign Relations; @Brad_Setser

Presider
Robyn Meredith

Client Strategist, BNY Mellon Wealth Management

In evidenza

Delivering on the Deal: Brexit, the European Union, and Beyond (CFR)

After the United Kingdom’s January 31 deadline to leave the European Union, questions remain regarding how Brexit will affect the United Kingdom’s relations with the European Union and the United States. Our speakers discuss the transition period, the consequences of Brexit, and what to expect in the coming year.

https://www.cfr.org/event/delivering-deal-brexit-european-union-and-beyond

Speakers
Caroline Atkinson

Senior Adviser, Rock Creek Group; Executive Committee Member, Peterson Institute

Senior Fellow for Europe, Council on Foreign Relations; Associate Professor of International Political Economy, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; @m2matthijs

Mujtaba Rahman

Managing Director, Europe, Eurasia Group (via videoconference from London)

Amanda Sloat

Robert Bosch Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution

Presider
Marisa K. Bellack

Europe Editor, Washington Post

In evidenza

Operation “Shahid Soleimani”: Iran’s Revenge (BESA Center)

Operation Shahid Soleimani, the Iranian revenge attack for the killing of Qassem Soleimani, was less spectacular than the Iranian attack on Saudi Arabia’s oil facilities last September and was apparently controversial even within Iran’s top leadership. Still, Israel can learn lessons from it: that Iran’s regime is willing to take extraordinary risks when it feels humiliated; that in certain scenarios precision missiles can be as effective as combat aircraft; that even a few precision missiles can disrupt the operation of modern air bases; and that good public diplomacy is crucial for crisis management.

https://besacenter.org/mideast-security-and-policy-studies/iran-soleimani-revenge/

By 

In evidenza

African designers hit the catwalk at inaugural African-Indian textiles machinery event (International Trade Centre)

Designers supported by Mitreeki, a knowledge-sharing initiative under ITC’s Supporting Indian Trade and Investment for Africa (SITA) programme, showcased their designs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

http://www.intracen.org/African-designers-hit-the-catwalk-at-inaugural-African-Indian-textiles-machinery-event/

In evidenza

Getting together over coffee in Mombasa (International Trade Centre)

The East Africa Community Coffee Business Forum saw four days of events designed to showcase the quality of coffee produced in the region but also to highlight how coffee producers can add value

http://www.intracen.org/news/Getting-together-over-coffee-in-Mombasa/

In evidenza

Crop-spraying drone developed in India shown at first-ever Indian International Textile Machinery Exhibition held in Africa (International Trade Centre)

Africa’s textile industry is ripe for innovation and a drone developed India may be part of the answer

http://www.intracen.org/news/Crop-spraying-drone-developed-in-India-shown-at-first-ever-Indian-International-Textile-Machinery-Exhibition-held-in-Africa/

In evidenza

3 reasons not to panic about artificial intelligence (WEF)

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) needs to be democratized to help more people understand it and embrace its potential;
  • We need to develop regulations for AI that are agile and adapt to this rapidly progressing technology;
  • A focus on “Trustworthy AI” offers a promising model for innovation and the governance of AI.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/where-is-artificial-intelligence-going/

 – President, JD Cloud and JD AI; Chair, JD Technology Committee; Vice-President, JD.COM

In evidenza

Expect 75 Recommendations to Improve Security, Plus Proposed Laws, from Congress’ Cyber Commission (Defense One)

Rep. Jim Langevin says he and his fellow commissioners will propose streamlining Congressional oversight, incident reporting by industry, and more.

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/02/coming-cyber-commission-report-loaded-75-ways-improve-securityplus-bill-proposals/163143/?oref=d-river

BY MARIAM BAKSH

In evidenza

The White Swans of 2020 (Project-Syndicate)

Financial markets remain blissfully in denial of the many predictable global crises that could come to a head this year, particularly in the months before the US presidential election. In addition to the increasingly obvious risks associated with climate change, at least four countries want to destabilize the US from within.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/white-swan-risks-2020-by-nouriel-roubini-2020-02

Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business and Chairman of Roubini Macro Associates, was Senior Economist for International Affairs in the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration. He has worked for the International Monetary Fund, the US Federal Reserve, and the World Bank. His website is NourielRoubini.com.

In evidenza

Who Can Beat Trump? (Project-Syndicate)

Although purchasing political office, as Mike Bloomberg is attempting to do, may be unfair or wrong, President Donald Trump is such an alarming figure that many voters so far appear willing to overlook in Bloomberg what they would never forgive otherwise. And that, perhaps, is the clearest sign yet that American democracy is in crisis.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/which-democratic-candidate-will-take-on-trump-by-elizabeth-drew-2020-02

Elizabeth Drew is a Washington-based journalist and the author, most recently, of Washington Journal: Reporting Watergate and Richard Nixon’s Downfall.

In evidenza

Pariah India (Project-Syndicate)

For three decades, India’s self-branding as the world’s fastest-growing free-market democracy worked, with world leaders queuing up to visit New Delhi and burdening a generation of diplomatic protocol officers. But in a matter of months, it has all begun to fall apart.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/narendra-modi-turning-india-into-international-pariah-by-shashi-tharoor-2020-02

Shashi Tharoor, a former UN under-secretary-general and former Indian Minister of State for External Affairs and Minister of State for Human Resource Development, is an MP for the Indian National Congress. He is the author of Pax Indica: India and the World of the 21st Century.

In evidenza

Social Democracy Beats Democratic Socialism (Project-Syndicate)

Now that US Senator Bernie Sanders has emerged as a leading contender for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination, his brand of democratic socialism warrants closer scrutiny. Simply put, it is neither a close approximation of the “Nordic model” that Sanders often invokes nor a solution to what ails the American economy.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/social-democracy-beats-democratic-socialism-by-daron-acemoglu-2020-02

Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics at MIT, is co-author (with James A. Robinson) of Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty and The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty.

In evidenza

NATO in a climate of change (SIPRI)

During last year’s Munich Security Conference, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg spoke about facing an increasingly more uncertain and unpredictable security environment. Speaking from the perspective of NATO, he argued that although allies disagree on certain issues, such as climate change, it is crucial to stand together. Regardless of whether Stoltenberg considers climate change to be part of this changing environment or not, NATO is paying the issue increasing attention. To coincide with this year’s Munich Security Conference, this blog explores NATO’s current position in the growing debate on climate change and related risks.

https://www.sipri.org/commentary/blog/2020/nato-climate-change

Rickard Söder is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Climate Change and Risk Programm

In evidenza

Greenfield Investments as a Source of Sustainable Green Finance? On the Relationships between Greenfield Investments, Environmental Performance, and Asian Economic Growth (ADBI)

Greenfield investments in the presence of supporting institutions can be a viable source of green finance.

https://www.adb.org/publications/greenfield-investments-source-sustainable-green-finance

Nepal, Rabindra

Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad

Musibau, Hameed

In evidenza

Is Political Change Coming to China? (Project-Syndicate)

Because President Xi Jinping has concentrated more power in his own hands than any Chinese leader since Mao Zedong, many within China and around the world have concluded that he is politically unassailable. But the coronavirus epidemic has come at the worst possible time, laying bare the fundamental weaknesses of Xi’s rule.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-coronavirus-xi-hold-on-power-by-yuen-yuen-ang-2020-02

Yuen Yuen Ang is a professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She is the author of How China Escaped the Poverty Trap and the forthcoming China’s Gilded Age.

In evidenza

The New Wave of Middle-East Media Repression (Project-Syndicate)

Egypt and Saudi Arabia have shown that, when a government lacks legitimacy, its best chance of holding onto power is by suppressing unfavorable information. But the experiences of Iraq and Lebanon suggest that this approach has limits in political systems that depend on power-sharing arrangements.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/egypt-saudi-arabia-undermine-middle-east-information-freedom-by-lydia-khalil-2020-02

Lydia Khalil is a research fellow in the West Asia program at the Lowy Institute.

In evidenza

The Case for Global Health Diplomacy (Project-Syndicate)

The coronavirus crisis is a reminder of why governments must regard health as an essential component of foreign policy. Much of the current panic could have been prevented had political leaders pursued global health diplomacy instead of adopting impulsive measures such as travel bans.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/coronavirus-global-health-diplomacy-three-strategies-by-junaid-nabi-2020-02

Junaid Nabi is a public health researcher at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston

In evidenza

The Biometric Threat (Project-Syndicate)

As with so many other convenient technologies, the world is underestimating the risks associated with biometric identification systems. India has learned about those risks the hard way – and should serve as a cautionary tale to the governments and corporations seeking to expand the use of these technologies.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/biometric-data-verification-risks-aadhaar-by-jayati-ghosh-2020-02

Jayati Ghosh is Professor of Economics at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, Executive Secretary of International Development Economics Associates, and a member of the Independent Commission for the Reform of International Corporate Taxation.

In evidenza

A New Security Architecture for the Middle East? (Valdai Discussion Club)

The Middle East broke all records for surprise events in 2019. The unexpected changes of government in Algeria and Sudan, mass protests in Lebanon and Iraq, the sensational election outcome in Tunisia, the never-ending election process in Israel, a new escalation of US–Iran tensions, zigzagging developments in Syria, Libya, and Yemen, and many more – the list may be continued. At the same time, this is not the first time it happens. The situation in the region tended to be changeable in the past as well, and surprise and randomness have long become the landmark of the Middle East political process – as may be clearly seen yet again at the beginning of 2020.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/reports/a-new-security-architecture-for-the-middle-east/

Vitaly NaumkinVasily Kuznetsov

In evidenza

Chatham House Primer: Democratic Socialism (Chatham House)

Nathan Robinson, editor of Current Affairs, argues that democratic socialism is an innovative and moral political ideology that champions an emotional reaction to injustices in the world.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/file/chatham-house-primer-democratic-socialism

Nathan Robinson, Editor, Current Affairs

In evidenza

China’s Digital Revolution in Bank Lending (Project-Syndicate)

China has long recognized the importance of increasing small and medium-size enterprises’ access to finance; now, online banks have found the solution the country needs. This could be a boon not only for growth and innovation, but also for broader financial inclusion – in China and beyond.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/digital-innovation-boosts-financial-inclusion-in-china-by-huang-yiping-2020-02

Huang Yiping, a former member of the Monetary Policy Committee of the People’s Bank of China, is Professor of Economics and Finance at the National School of Development and Director of the Institute of Digital Finance, Peking University, and a member of the International Monetary Fund’s External Advisory Group on Surveillance

In evidenza

Trump’s Travel Ban Benefits Only China (Project-Syndicate)

If the US wants to counter Chinese influence in Africa, greater engagement with Nigeria seems like a no-brainer. But, with its decision to include Africa’s largest economy in its expanded long-term travel ban, President Donald Trump’s administration is doing just the opposite.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-expanded-travel-ban-benefits-china-by-cobus-van-staden-2020-02

Cobus van Staden is a senior foreign policy researcher at the South African Institute of International Affairs

In evidenza

California Capitalism (Project-Syndicate)

After years of inaction by the US federal government, state governments like California’s have forged ahead with solutions to challenges such as climate change and labor-replacing automation. Indeed, the state is developing its own distinctive political economy.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/california-capitalism-versus-federal-paralysis-by-laura-tyson-and-lenny-mendonca-2020-02

Laura Tyson, a former chair of the US President’s Council of Economic Advisers in the Obama administration, is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley’s Haas School of Business, a senior adviser at the Rock Creek Group, and a senior external adviser to the McKinsey Global Institute – Lenny Mendonca is Chief Economic and Business Adviser and Director of the California Office of Business and Economic Development

In evidenza

Dual tasks of virus fight, work resumption (Global Times)

The battle against the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) has reached the most intense and complicated period. Central China’s Hubei Province has demanded admission and treatment of all patients needing medical assistance. Hubei on Thursday announced 14,840 new cases, including 13,332 clinically diagnosed cases, as of midnight on Wednesday. The surge in the number is believed to be a release of the stock. Outside of Hubei, the newly confirmed cases announced on Thursday fell for the ninth consecutive day. The national control over the epidemic has produced results.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179521.shtml

In evidenza

Senators exploit doctor’s death to attack China’s political system (Global Times)

The world’s most crucial ties, China-US relations are now coming to a crossroads. The novel coronavirus outbreak has given us a clearer understanding of US strategic direction toward China. Although China is working hard to promote the relationship between the two countries toward healthy and stable development, the recent strategic moves of the US showed that a strong force in the US is pushing the ties toward a hostile path, which is obviously making the future of Sino-US relations more unstable.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179523.shtml

By Ai Jun

In evidenza

The promise of automated historical data linkage (VOX)

A number of vital questions in the social sciences, relating to intergenerational mobility or assimilation of migrants for example, require data that follow individuals over time. The recent digitisation of historical population censuses for the US and other countries has increased their availability, but linking such historical data is challenging. This column compares the performance of various linking methods and concludes that automated methods perform no worse on key dimensions than (more expensive) hand linking using standard linking variables.

https://voxeu.org/article/promise-automated-historical-data-linkage

Ran Abramitzky, Leah Boustan, Katherine Eriksson, James J Feigenbaum, Santiago Pérez

In evidenza

Terror and tourism: How bad news can harm economic development (VOX)

Reporting on violence draws attention to countries not typically covered by international news outlets. This leads to a ‘bad news’ bias, which can affect not only how people view these countries, but whether they choose to visit. Using aggregated spending data to proxy tourist activity, this column documents a robust relationship between the intensity of reporting on violence and subsequent drops in tourist spending, suggesting that a bad news bias can have serious economic consequences for the countries that suffer from it.

https://voxeu.org/article/how-bad-news-can-harm-economic-development

Tim Besley, Thiemo Fetzer, Hannes Mueller

In evidenza

The slow death of ambition: German foreign policy after Kramp-Karrenbauer’s resignation (ECFR)

The grand coalition will continue to be a kind of caretaker government in its lack of a big foreign policy vision.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_slow_death_of_ambition_german_foreign_policy_after_akks_resi

Jana Puglierin

In evidenza

Somalia: Killings, corruption and censorship besiege media freedom (Amnesty International)

A surge in violent attacks, threats, harassment and intimidation of media workers is entrenching Somalia as one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a journalist, Amnesty International said today.

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/02/somalia-killings-corruption-and-censorship-besiege-media-freedom/

In evidenza

Easing Syrian Refugees’ Plight in Lebanon (ICG)

Most Syrian refugees in Lebanon have thought many times about going home but in the end deemed the risks too great. Donors should increase aid allowing the Lebanese government to continue hosting the Syrians, so that any decision they make to leave is truly voluntary.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/lebanon/211-easing-syrian-refugees-plight-lebanon

 

In evidenza

The syrian desert hawks: flying no more (Clingendael)

The Desert Hawks were a pro-Assad paramilitary group of 5,000 – 12,000 fighters that fought in the Syrian civil war between 2014 – 2017. Its postmortem highlights how the politics of coercion and the economics of loyalty can link in a wartime autocracy. Having amassed their fortune and influence in Syria before 2011 as part of the patronage systems of the Assad family, the brothers Mohammad, Ayman and Ibrahim Jaber created the Desert Hawks when wartime manpower shortages threatened regime survival.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/syrian-desert-hawks-flying-no-more

 

In evidenza

World climate and security report 2020 (Clingendael)

This report is published by the International Military Council on Climate and Security (IMCCS) chaired by Tom Middendorp, former Chief of Defence of the Netherlands and Senior Research Associate at the Clingendael Institute. Louise van Schaik, Head of our EU & Global Affairs Unit & Planetary Security Initiative, is a co-author.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/world-climate-and-security-report-2020

 

In evidenza

7 gripping, powerful and original books that bring the UN’s sustainable development goals to life (WEF)

  • The UN has identified 17 interconnected goals for a sustainable future, from tackling poverty to climate action.
  • The aim is to achieve all of these goals by 2030.
  • Unesco’s Cities of Literature have picked books to reflect each goal.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/unesco-cities-of-literature-recommended-books-sustainable-development-goals/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

How to unleash the potential of regions like São Paulo (WEF)

  • São Paulo’s economic success has been built on a broad spectrum of policy-making.
  • Investments in infrastructure and technology have reaped enormous benefits.
  • High standards in public services and environmental protections have also been crucial.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/how-to-unleash-the-potential-of-regions-like-sao-paulo/

, Governor of the State of São Paulo, Government of the State of São Paulo

In evidenza

Could the UK Change Its Russia Policy? (Valdai Discussion Club)

New UK governments, even when formed by the same political party, often start out by reviewing the policies of their predecessors, with defence and security being a favourite area. So it is with the government of Boris Johnson. One of the first moves he announced after the Conservatives won their 80-seat parliamentary majority in December was the launch of just such a review.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/could-the-uk-change-its-russia-policy/

Mary Dejevsky

In evidenza

The Changing Middle East (Valdai Discussion Club)

Former Israeli president Peres had a dream of a new Middle East, as a peaceful and successful region. Indeed, we can see currently a very different Middle East, but it came out not exactly according to his vision.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/the-changing-middle-east/

Zvi Magen

In evidenza

Globalization on the Brink : Are We on the Verge of Major Transformation of the Global Economy ? (Valdai Discussion Club)

Movements to a de-globalization or “demondialization” of the economy, announced in a 2010 book, referred to various authors. This phenomenon has been widely observed. It is also accompanied by a “de-westernization” of the world. These various phenomena are not only economic; they all have a political dimension as well as a cultural dimension. However, this text will focus mainly on the economic dimensions of these movements.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/globalization-on-the-brink-are-we-on-the-verge/

Jacques Sapir

In evidenza

Deforestation in the Amazon is causing parts of it to release more carbon than it absorbs (WEF)

  • In the 1980s and 90s, the Amazon rainforest absorbed 2 billion tonnes of carbon annually, but that figure is much lower today due to deforestation.
  • The southeast part of the Amazon, which has been heavily logged, appears to have lost its ability to absorb carbon.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/amazon-deforestation-carbon-sustainability-climate-change/

 

In evidenza

These bionic jellyfish could become data miners of the world’s oceans (WEF)

  • Scientists have created bionic jellyfish by embedding microelectronics into them, enabling them to swim faster and collect data.
  • They could be used to monitor climate change.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/bionic-jellyfish-ocean-measurements/

In evidenza

6 ways travelling professionals can cut their carbon footprint (WEF)

  • We can all take steps to reduce the environmental impact of our work-related travels.
  • Individual actions – like the six described here – can cumulatively help prompt more collective changes, but it helps to prioritise by impact.
  • As the saying goes: be the change you want to see in the world.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/6-ways-travelling-professionals-can-cut-their-carbon-footprint/

, Global Shaper, Vancouver Hub

, Global Shaper, Vancouver Hub

In evidenza

The US Should Accept Russia’s Proposed Moratorium on Post-INF Missiles (Defense One)

The temporary measure has no near-term downside — and may jumpstart important arms-control talks.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/us-should-accept-russias-proposed-moratorium-post-inf-missiles/163035/?oref=d-river

BY LUKE GRIFFITH

In evidenza

Trump’s Former Chief of Staff, John Kelly, Finally Lets Loose (Defense One)

The retired Marine general explained, in the clearest terms yet, his misgivings about Trump’s behavior regarding North Korea, immigration, and Ukraine.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/john-kelly-finally-lets-loose-trump/163091/?oref=d-river

In evidenza

Executive Order on GPS and Precision Timing Is All Carrot, No Stick (Defense One)

A leading PNT advocacy and educational organization says that’s not going to be enough.

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/02/executive-order-seeking-better-gps-and-precision-timing-all-carrot-no-stick/163090/?oref=d-river

BY MARIAM BAKSH

In evidenza

Inequality in the Digital Era (Brookings)

 The digital revolution is transforming economies. Potential economic gains from digital technologies are enormous, but with new opportunities come new challenges. Within economies, income and wealth inequalities have risen as digitization has reshaped markets and the world of business and work. Inequalities have increased between firms and between workers. The distribution of both capital and labor income has become more unequal, and income has shifted from labor to capital. Technological change, however, is not the sole reason for the rising inequalities. Policy failures have been an important part of the story. Policies will need to be more responsive to the new dynamics of the digital economy to achieve outcomes that are more inclusive.

 

https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/articles/inequality-in-the-digital-era/

Zia Qureshi

In evidenza

Health Care in President Trump’s Fiscal Year 2021 Budget (Brookings)

On February 10, the White House released President Trump’s fiscal year 2021 budget. Budgets are often described as statements of priorities. This budget attempts to obscure what remains atop the Trump administration’s health policy priority list: eliminating the coverage expansions implemented by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).

https://jamanetwork.com/channels/health-forum/fullarticle/2761532

Matthew FiedlerLoren AdlerChristen Linke Young

In evidenza

Ebaday 2020 pronti al via, tra schema europeo e Instant payments (Formiche)

Appuntamento a l’Aia il 19 e 20 maggio. Un confronto tra oltre 1500 esperti del settore dei pagamenti e oltre 80 aziende. Si discuterà molto sullo schema di pagamento europeo e delle nuove opportunità dei pagamenti istantanei. Durante i giorni dell’Ebaday sarà possibile toccare con mano l’intenzione delle banche di collaborare tra loro per provare a costruire un’alternativa agli schemi delle carte di pagamento più noti. Ma oltre a capire che tipo di impatto potrebbe avere una tale collaborazione, l’attenzione sarà posta anche sulle regole antitrust

https://formiche.net/2020/02/ebaday-2020-instant-payments/

Sergio Boccadutri

In evidenza

In Italia è (sempre più) tempo di startup innovative. Report Infocamere (Formiche)

Anche nel quarto trimestre 2019 il numero di imprese innovative è aumentato e risultato pari a 10.882, in aumento di 272 unità (+2,6%) rispetto al trimestre precedente. La Lombardia è la regione in cui è localizzato il maggior numero di startup innovative: 2.928, pari al 26,9% del totale nazionale. Seguono il Lazio, unica altra regione a superare quota mille (1.227; 11,3%), e l’Emilia-Romagna (931, 8,6% del totale nazionale)

https://formiche.net/2020/02/infocamere-unioncamere-startup-2019-imprese/

Rino Moretti

In evidenza

La robotica italiana cresce (ma fa paura agli operai) (Formiche)

Cosa emerge dai dati del terzo Rapporto del Censis sul welfare aziendale e dal rapporto presentato ieri da Enel e Fondazione Symbola. Sono oltre 7 milioni i lavoratori italiani che hanno paura di perdere il proprio posto di lavoro a causa dell’arrivo di nuove tecnologie. Eppure le imprese italiane crescono sempre di più nel settore della robotica fino ad imporsi come eccellenze anche nel settore spaziale
In evidenza

Perché la cybersecurity by design salverà l’Ict (Formiche)

I sistemi di Ict sono progettati secondo un principio di cybersecurity by design – principio mutuato dalla disciplina del Gdpr applicata al trattamento dei dati personali – che riguarda la protezione dei dati (personali e non) e dei servizi. È necessario quindi adottare misure di prevenzione delle minacce che incombono, neutralizzandone i possibili effetti nefasti

https://formiche.net/2020/02/ict-cybersecurity-design/

Giovanni Crea

In evidenza

Safer Internet Day, le iniziative per la giornata europea per un internet sicuro (Formiche)

L’Italia è al decimo posto su 25 per l’esposizione ai rischi online, primo il Regno Unito, ultimo il Sudafrica. Sono i risultati del Microsoft Digital Civility Index che ogni anno, in occasione dell’Internet Safer Day, analizza le attitudini e le percezioni degli adolescenti (13-17) e degli adulti (18-74) rispetto all’educazione civica digitale e alla sicurezza online in 25 Paesi, incluso il nostro Paese. Secondo lo studio, in tutto il mondo il web è percepito come un luogo meno civile e sicuro rispetto ad un anno fa. Ecco come la Commissione europea si è fatta promotrice di una manifestazione che fornisce ai ragazzi europei informazioni utili e istruzioni operative su come riconoscere ed evitare le minacce online

https://formiche.net/2020/02/internet-tim-bullismo/

Rino Moretti

In evidenza

Yet more failed diplomacy in Libya? (IISS)

Renewed clashes in Libya have confirmed the intractable nature of the country’s conflict. Its unpredictability is not only challenging the feeble response of the international community, but also exposing its divisions, argue Amanda Lapo and Umberto Profazio.

https://www.iiss.org/blogs/analysis/2020/02/failed-diplomacy-in-libya

In evidenza

The challenge of defending European airspace (IISS)

Europe is turning its attention to improving air defences in the face of ever more capable potential threats. Today, however, only a limited number of modern systems are in service or being developed to tackle such challenges, writes Michael Tong.

https://www.iiss.org/blogs/military-balance/2020/02/defending-european-airspace

Michael Tong

 

In evidenza

Ten Conflicts to Watch in 2020 (Chatham House)

Following a year of protests, extreme politics and the emergence of new and sophisticated security challenges, Robert Malley and Leslie Vinjamuri examine the International Crisis Group’s Ten Conflicts to Watch in 2020.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/file/ten-conflicts-watch-2020

Robert Malley, President & CEO, International Crisis Group
Chair: Dr Leslie Vinjamuri, Dean, Queen Elizabeth II Academy for Leadership in International Affairs; Director, US and the Americas Programme

In evidenza

After Latest Turn, is Muqtada al-Sadr Losing Influence in Iraq? (Chatham House)

The populist cleric has repositioned himself in Iraqi politics multiple times, but his recent shift against youth-led protestors may signal his decline as an autonomous political force.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/after-latest-turn-muqtada-al-sadr-losing-influence-iraq

Dr Renad Mansour, Ben Robin-D’Cruz

In evidenza

Cinq ans après Minsk II : peut-on sortir de la guerre ? (IFRI)

Cinq ans après les accords de Minsk II, force est de constater que le cessez-le-feu n’est toujours pas respecté. Dans le Donbass, les affrontements continuent de faire des morts. Alors quels sont les principaux points de blocage qui empêchent la mise en oeuvre de ces accords ?

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/cinq-ans-apres-minsk-ii-sortir-de-guerre

Maxime AUDINET, invité de Florian Delorme dans Cultures Monde sur France Culture

In evidenza

Pete Buttigieg: l’électorat américain peut-il choisir un président gay? (IFRI)

Avec ses très bons résultats au caucus de l’Iowa et à la primaire du New Hampshire, Pete Buttigieg, est pour l’instant parmi les candidats les mieux placés pour remporter l’investiture du Parti démocrate et, peut-être, battre Donald Trump à l’élection présidentielle de novembre prochain.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/pete-buttigieg-lelectorat-americain-choisir-un-president-gay

Laurence NARDON, 27ème épisode de la série de podcasts “Trump 2020” en partenariat avec Slate.fr et Time to Sign Off

In evidenza

China’s Economic Fight Against the Coronavirus (Project-Syndicate)

There is no doubt that China will win the battle against the coronavirus. In the meantime, however, policymakers must take steps to ensure that the economy functions as normally as possible – without compromising efforts to contain the outbreak – and can bounce back quickly once the crisis is over.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-economy-three-ways-to-limit-coronavirus-impact-by-yu-yongding-2020-02

Yu Yongding, a former president of the China Society of World Economics and director of the Institute of World Economics and Politics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, served on the Monetary Policy Committee of the People’s Bank of China from 2004 to 2006.

In evidenza

Comrade Trump (Project-Syndicate)

In 1922, Vladimir Lenin wrote that “Stalin concentrated in his hands enormous power, which he won’t be able to use responsibly,” owing to his rudeness, intolerance, and capriciousness – qualities that Donald Trump has in spades. His acquittal by the Senate was a dark day for American democracy, but his reelection could be lights out.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-parades-propaganda-and-purges-by-nina-l-khrushcheva-2020-02

Nina L. Khrushcheva is Professor of International Affairs at The New School. Her latest book (with Jeffrey Tayler) is In Putin’s Footsteps: Searching for the Soul of an Empire Across Russia’s Eleven Time Zones.

In evidenza

Beijing-Moscow historical bonds deepen during coronavirus crisis (Global Times)

In response to the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP), many countries around the world have expressed their goodwill to help China fight the epidemic.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179494.shtml

By Li Yonghui

In evidenza

When wearing a mask invites discrimination against immigrants in the West (Global Times)

Since the beginning of the novel coronavirus epidemic, Chinese living in the US and other Western countries have been facing a “to be or not to be” question. And the dilemma is now manifested in the wearing of surgical masks.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179484.shtml

By Rong Xiaoqing

In evidenza

Foreign exchange swaps: Hidden debt, lurking vulnerability (VOX)

Foreign exchange swaps and forwards are a key instrument in the global financial system for hedging, position-taking and short-term funding. They involve the exchange of notional amounts at a future date and, as funding vehicles, they are akin to other forms of collateralised borrowing (e.g. repo). The amounts involved are huge, but the instruments remain mysterious in some ways: because of an accounting peculiarity, they are treated very differently from other forms of collateralised debt. This column examines their geography and draws implications for both academics and policymakers. It finds that non-US residents’ US dollar forward payment obligations arising from foreign exchange swaps and forwards are likely to be even larger than the corresponding on-balance sheet US dollar debt. It also highlights the favourable regulatory treatment that these instruments receive, and argues that they represent a critical pressure point in international financial markets.

https://voxeu.org/article/foreign-exchange-swaps-hidden-debt-lurking-vulnerability

Claudio Borio, Patrick McGuire, Robert McCauley

In evidenza

The wage–employment nexus: A tale of persistence (VOX)

The weak relationship between wage dynamics and unemployment in the euro area since the Global Crisis is widely perceived as one of the main causes of the ‘twin puzzle’ of missing disinflation between 2009 and 2011, and missing inflation thereafter. This column attributes the weak response of nominal wage growth to employment dynamics since 2008 to the countercyclical behaviour of labour productivity, which is driven, in turn, by the exceptionally high persistence of the downturn and the subsequent recovery.

https://voxeu.org/article/wage-employment-nexus-tale-persistence

Antonio Conti, Elisa Guglielminetti, Marianna Riggi

In evidenza

From fog to smog: The value of pollution information (VOX)

Panle Jia Barwick, Shanjun Li, Liguo Lin, Eric Zou
In evidenza

Cascading trade protection: Evidence from the US (VOX)

In evidenza

How to deal with Big Tech mergers (VOX)

Big Tech mergers increasingly require regulatory authorities with enhanced toolboxes. To ensure genuine competition in the digital marketplace, novel theories of harm will need to be elaborated and applied. This column provides guidance on these issues, arguing that to properly investigate Big Tech mergers, competition law will need to restructure the standards and burden of proof.

https://voxeu.org/article/how-deal-big-tech-mergers

Massimo Motta, Martin Peitz

In evidenza

Putin’s Children: The Russian Elite Prepares for 2024 (Carnegie Moscow Center)

The 2024 election will be one in which the generation of “Putin’s children,” those who have made their careers and profited from the twenty years of Putin’s presidency, face a serious challenge to keep the assets they have acquired.

https://carnegie.ru/2020/02/13/putin-s-children-russian-elite-prepares-for-2024-pub-81055

ANDREI KOLESNIKOV,  DENIS VOLKOV

In evidenza

Don’t Expect an Economic Miracle in Putin’s Russia (Carnegie Moscow Center)

The main task of Putin’s economic policy is to collect as much in taxes as possible. This is why the man who successfully transformed the Federal Tax Service is now head of the government.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81059

Andrey Movchan

In evidenza

Three reasons why our hospitals are overcrowded (Fraser Institute)

A damning investigation by CBC News recently revealed that “hallway medicine” is now the norm in Ontario. Almost 50 per cent of hospitals in the province regularly operate beyond capacity, with patients accommodated in unconventional spaces including corridors, meeting rooms and even a kitchenette.

https://www.fraserinstitute.org/article/three-reasons-why-our-hospitals-are-overcrowded

Bacchus Barua

In evidenza

G7 growth talk obscures poor income growth among Canadians (Fraser Institute)

Recent forecasts, including from the International Monetary Fund, suggest Canada may compete with the United States for the top spot in the G7 in 2020 for economic growth.

https://www.fraserinstitute.org/article/g7-growth-talk-obscures-poor-income-growth-among-canadians

Ben EisenFinn Poschmann

In evidenza

Frontier mine decision make-or-break moment for Canada’s natural resource sector (Fraser Institute)

On Monday, amid mounting pressure from Alberta and other stakeholders, federal Finance Minister Bill Morneau said the Trudeau cabinet was still engaged in a “robust” discussion about the Frontier mine, a $20 billion Alberta oilsands proposal by Teck Resources Limited, a natural resource company headquartered in Vancouver. Morneau also refused to say when the decision (originally scheduled for some time in February) would be announced, fuelling speculation of an extended deadline.

https://www.fraserinstitute.org/article/frontier-mine-decision-make-or-break-moment-for-canadas-natural-resource-sector

Ashley StedmanElmira Aliakbari

In evidenza

Are conventional arms control treaties all dead letters ? (Clingendael)

Arms control is often associated with weapons of mass destruction. Yet all current armed conflicts are fought with conventional weaponry. Third stop in this Clingendael Spectator series on arms control: are conventional arms control treaties all dead letters, or can Europe’s sleeping beauties be brought back to life?  

https://spectator.clingendael.org/en/publication/are-conventional-arms-control-treaties-all-dead-letters

Hugo Klijn

In evidenza

Short- and Long-Term Impacts of the Escalation in Idlib (SWP)

The current escalation in Idlib between Turkish and Russian-backed Syrian forces has two dimensions: the immediate Turkish involvement in Syria and the broader Turkish-Russian rapprochement. An assessment by Salim Çevik.

https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/short-and-long-term-impacts-of-the-escalation-in-idlib/

Salim Çevik

In evidenza

This UK seed bank is protecting Australia’s future biodiversity after the wildfires (WEF)

  • Australia’s wildfires have burned through an area the size of Greece since September.
  • Scientists at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew in London are helping with emergency seed collection in areas devastated by the bushfires.
  • Seed specimens are being stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, a big underground freezer, which already contains 41,000 different species.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/uks-kew-gardens-australias-plants-wildfires-biodiversity/

, Editorial Trainee, Reuters

In evidenza

These are the countries best prepared for health emergencies (WEF)

  • The Global Health Security Index lists the countries best prepared for an epidemic or pandemic.
  • National health security is fundamentally weak around the world, it says, and nowhere is fully prepared to handle such an outbreak.
  • Global biological risks are in many cases growing faster than governments and science can keep up.
  • The international community must work together to ensure all countries are prepared to respond to these risks, it says.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/these-are-the-countries-best-prepared-for-health-emergencies/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

Here’s how blockchain could fight illegal fishing and help tuna stocks recover (WEF)

  • More than half of the world’s tuna comes from the Pacific Ocean, but tuna fisheries are suffering from depleted stocks and illegal fishing.
  • Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing is a major threat to marine biodiversity, the sustainability and balance of marine ecosystems, and to fish populations worldwide.
  • By tracking the fish from the moment it’s caught, blockchain would make it impossible for any illegal or unreported tuna to enter the market.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/blockchain-tuna-sustainability-fisheries-food-security/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

The five stages of the Chief Digital Officer – and why they often fail (WEF)

  • 21% of large public firms employ a Chief Digital Officer, or CDO.
  • The average tenure of a CDO is 31 months, shorter than other C-suite roles.
  • Despite initial support for the CDO, research suggests many companies set up the CDO to fail.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/chief-digital-officer-cdo-skills-tenure-fail/

, Professor of Innovation and Strategy, Cisco Chair in Digital Business Transformation, IMD Business School

In evidenza

DOD Nominee Who Questioned Ukraine Aid Holdup Denies Report About Her Ouster (Defense One)

A story from the New York Post ignited speculation that Elaine McCusker’s nomination could be withdrawn. It’s not clear that’s the case.

https://www.defenseone.com/politics/2020/02/dod-nominee-who-questioned-ukraine-aid-holdup-denies-report-about-her-ouster/163075/?oref=d-river

BY KATIE BO WILLIAMS

In evidenza

Advanced Economies’ Missing Link (Project-Syndicate)

After a decade of recovery from the 2008 financial crisis, aggregate economic indicators across the OECD are looking bright, with GDP continuing to grow and employment reaching record levels. So why is public sentiment in the advanced economies so gloomy?

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/advanced-economies-gain-amid-public-pain-by-sven-smit-and-anu-madgavkar-2020-02

Sven Smit is a senior partner at McKinsey & Company and a co-chair of the McKinsey Global Institute – Anu Madgavkar is a partner at the McKinsey Global Institute

In evidenza

The Challenging Arithmetic of Climate Action (Project-Syndicate)

All strategies to mitigate climate change have distributive implications that cannot be overlooked. If left unaddressed, such implications will fuel persistent headwinds to progress on the climate change and sustainability agenda.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/climate-action-carbon-price-distributive-implications-by-michael-spence-2020-02

Michael Spence, a Nobel laureate in economics, is Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business and Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. He was the chairman of the independent Commission on Growth and Development, an international body that from 2006-2010 analyzed opportunities for global economic growth, and is the author of The Next Convergence: The Future of Economic Growth in a Multispeed World.

In evidenza

Germany’s Crisis of the Right (Project-Syndicate)

The resignation of Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, the leader of Germany’s Christian Democratic Union and Chancellor Angela Merkel’s designated successor, has plunged the party into crisis and raised fresh doubts about the survival of the country’s ruling coalition. The biggest beneficiaries of the current chaos may well be the Greens.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/germany-christian-democratic-union-crisis-by-carolin-roth-2020-02

Carolin Roth is a freelance anchor and reporter for CNBC

In evidenza

Brexit and the Liberal Elephant Trap (Global Policy)

Given the success of populist politicians across Europe, some pro-Europeans have openly wondered whether they should adopt the same tactics as populist parties to make the case for European integration. Michael Cottakis argues that this would be a mistake. To reverse the trend, pro-Europeans must quit dabbling in populism and instead play to their strengths by promoting dialogue and substantive policy reform.

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/12/02/2020/brexit-and-liberal-elephant-trap

Michael Cottakis is Director of the 89 Initiative, a pan-European think tank based at the London School of Economics.

In evidenza

Iraq’s Protest Movement Is an Existential Challenge for the Political Elite (World Politics Review)

Anti-government protesters in Iraq have spent more than four months calling for political and economic reforms and venting their anger at the failure of successive governments to provide better living standards and economic opportunities. Security forces, caught off-guard by the strength and resilience of the youth-driven protest movement, have responded with a campaign of repression that has killed more than 600 people and wounded tens of thousands more across the country. But the crackdown has only intensified the crisis, as Iraqis continue to take to the streets demanding justice for slain demonstrators and reforms of the political system.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28530/in-iraq-protests-pose-an-existential-challenge-to-the-political-elite

Sajad Jiyad is the managing director of Al-Bayan Center for Planning and Studies, an independent think tank based in Baghdad. Follow him on Twitter @SajadJiyad.

In evidenza

Last Man Standing: How Avakov Survived in Ukraine (Carnegie Moscow Center)

Arsen Avakov has survived Ukraine’s change of regime. President Zelensky needs him because of his links to the dark side of the Ukrainian deep state, against which the president’s young reformers are often powerless. The omnipotent minister is prepared to put aside his personal ambition to become the regime’s informal mainstay.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81054

Konstantin Skorkin

In evidenza

Unconsolidated: The Five Russian Elites Shaping Putin’s Transition (Carnegie Moscow Center)

President Putin has embarked on a renewal of Russia’s ruling regime to make sure it weathers the political transition of 2024 and to preserve his personal power-base. The elite can be divided into five distinct groups, two of which, the “protectors” and “technocrats” may end up in a fierce ideological fight.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81037

Tatiana Stanovaya

In evidenza

Oatmeal and Water: The Thinning Belarus-Russia Relationship (Carnegie Moscow Center)

A row over energy prices is a sign that Belarus and Russia are set to have a cooler and more pragmatic relationship. Over the next few years, Minsk is likely to build a more balanced relationship with the West and Moscow, like that of Armenia or Kazakhstan.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81038

Artyom Shraibman

In evidenza

People-to-people exchanges strengthen global mutual trust (Global Times)

When the novel coronavirus pneumonia is defeated, many Chinese, whose travel is limited during the epidemic period, might brook no delay to take a trip. And perhaps some of them will choose Japan as their first outbound destination, because they may be eager to express their thanks in person to a Japanese girl.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179366.shtml

By Shi Tian

In evidenza

US attempt to rope China into New START negotiations won’t succeed (Global Times)

US National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien said on February 5 that the US and Russia would “start negotiations soon on arms control, on the nuclear issue.” As the two powers face next year’s deadline to extend the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) – the last remaining agreement binding their nuclear arsenals – the international community hopes that the pact could be renewed.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179356.shtml

By Cheng Hanping

In evidenza

Speculative short-sellers won’t defeat China’s preparations amid epidemic (Global Times)

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) in China may exacerbate financial market turmoil as signs of a potential financial war emerge, with some speculative forces poised to work against the world’s second largest economy.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179372.shtml

In evidenza

There’s no doubt China will bounce back from epidemic’s impact (Global Times)

There has been a great outpouring of sympathy for China throughout the world in the wake of the sudden outbreak of the novel coronavirus pneumonia. The heroic efforts of the Chinese medical workers and the determination of the Chinese people amid the epidemic have been a model of courage for the world to admire. And efforts are being made around the world to provide needed supplies and to find a vaccine that could allow for the country to overcome this crisis.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1179315.shtml

By William Jones

In evidenza

Dissuasion nucléaire : le discours de Macron embarrasse Bruxelles (IFRI)

Les discussions sur l’autonomie stratégique se heurtent aux divergences franco-allemandes quant à la place du nucléaire dans la sécurité de l’UE. Le discours d’Emmanuel Macron, qui a prôné, vendredi 7 février, une mobilisation des Européens pour la définition d’un « dialogue stratégique » incluant la dissuasion nucléaire et une réflexion sur la « dimension authentiquement européenne » des forces nucléaires de la France, n’a pas suscité d’engouement au siège des institutions de l’Union.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/dissuasion-nucleaire-discours-de-macron-embarrasse-bruxelles

Thomas GOMART, cité par  dans Le Monde

In evidenza

Allemagne, crise politique majeure pour la succession d’Angela Merkel (IFRI)

Invité de BFM Business, Thierry de Montbrial, président fondateur de l’Institut français des relations internationales (IFRI), estime que la situation politique outre-Rhin s’aggrave. Il revient sur la crise politique en Allemagne avec la démission d’ Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, sur les primaires démocrates aux États-Unis ainsi que sur les conséquances du coronavirus en Chine.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/allemagne-crise-politique-majeure-succession-dangela-merkel

Thierry de MONTBRIAL, invité d’Hedwige Chevrillon sur BFM Business

In evidenza

Trump and the Crisis of Oligarchy (Valdai Discussion Club)

Many observers will remember the end of the impeachment story. First the Senate’s refusal to hear witnesses in connection with the charges against Trump, and then impeachment supporters were unable to get 50, let alone the 67 required votes; only one senator broke ranks with the Republican establishment: Mitt Romney. Some experts, such as Ian Bremmer, have already suggested that Romney should be considered the leader of the Republican Party, since he advocated the Senate exercising the judicial role assigned to it. The symbolism of Trump’s refusal to shake hands with Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives, will be remembered, as well as the response of the latter, who publicly tore up the text of the president’s annual message to Congress the day before the Senate voted to acquit him.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/trump-and-the-crisis-of-oligarchy/

Andrei Tsygankov

In evidenza

Is the Middle East on the Eve of Global Conflict or Successful Development? (Valdai Discussion Club)

The Middle East is either on the eve of a new round of tensions, which threaten to ignite global conflict, or of a transformation into a successful, developing region.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/chairman-speech/is-the-middle-east-on-the-eve-of-global-conflict/

Andrey Bystritskiy

In evidenza

AI in International Relations: The Era of “Digital Diplomacy” (Valdai Discussion Club)

In view of the sorry conditions that the world’s international relations find themselves today, some argue that there may be a case for an upgrade in international diplomacy, perhaps with elements of higher technology in establishing cross-country communication lines. One such area where a technological upgrade is already progressing is the use of AI in international diplomacy. In particular, China has been active in making use of AI in providing insights for its diplomats into the possible scenarios and the evolution of events on the international arena. There is also an increasingly active use of AI in supporting economic diplomacy in trade negotiations. Going forward it will be crucial to ensure greater access of developing economies to the possibilities opened by AI to concluding international accords and boosting international cooperation. 

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/ai-in-international-relations/

Yaroslav Lissovolik

In evidenza

Can Idlib Ruin the Turkey-Russia Entente? (Valdai Discussion Club)

Russia and Turkey are not natural partners in Syria, but share enough overlapping interests to maintain dialogue about the direction of the conflict. Ankara’s position in the Syrian civil war has been shaped by its initial risk averse approach to the conflict and refusal to use military force to try and shape outcomes. In eastern Syria, Ankara was initially unable to upend the American war strategy and its reliance on the Syrian Kurds, a group Turkey has labeled a terrorist organization. In Syria’s West, the Russian entrance into the war directly challenged Ankara’s support for the anti-regime insurgency, which had made considerable gains in Idlib before September 2015.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/can-idlib-ruin-the-turkey-russia-entente-/

Aaron Stein

In evidenza

Will the US Revert to ‘Just Like in Grandma’s Time’ Again? (Valdai Discussion Club)

Donald Trump’s opponents persist in their delusion that his arrival to power was an accident, and if they manage to throw him out of office, history will resume its natural course, and everything will be just like in grandma’s time again. The United States continues its descent into a deep system-wide crisis that in some ways is reminiscent of the developments in the last days of the Soviet Union, especially in terms of the disdain demonstrated by the Washington elite toward the vast majority of the American people. Should the elite further refuse to recognize how serious the crisis has become, and if they will not acquiesce to curtail their ambition and search for compromise, it will be disastrous for the United States and the rest of the world, argues Andrei Korobkov, Professor of political science at Middle Tennessee State University.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/will-the-us-revert-to-just-like-in-grandma/

Andrei Korobkov

In evidenza

The Novel Coronavirus, Geopolitics and the World Economy (Valdai Discussion Club)

Analysts have already called the novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV the “black swan” of the year – that is, a rare and difficult-to-predict event with global consequences. In many media, the word “pandemic” is already appearing more frequently. The arrival of the Chinese virus is having a negative impact on the global economy, international trade and financial markets. Political consequences associated with various kinds of internal and cross-border restrictions may also appear soon. 

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/the-novel-coronavirus-geopolitics/

Alexander Losev

In evidenza

China’s Response to the Killing of Soleimani (BESA Center)

China and Iran have a close relationship, but Beijing’s influence over Tehran is questionable. Its response to the killing of Iranian Quds Force commander Qassem Soleimani  offers clues to its view of its own role in the Middle East.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/china-soleimani-killing/

By 

In evidenza

The “Deal of the Century” Is a Stimulus, Not a Blueprint (BESA Center)

President Trump’s peace plan must be understood as a systemic impetus toward a new breakthrough rather than as a practical blueprint for resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.  

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/trump-peace-plan-stimulus/

By 

In evidenza

Revealed: US-linked anti-abortion centres ‘lie’ and ‘scare women’ across Latin America (openDemocracy)

Lawmakers in Mexico, Ecuador and Argentina demand action following “truly scandalous” misinformation revealed by openDemocracy.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/5050/revealed-us-linked-anti-abortion-centres-lie-and-scare-women-across-latin-america/

Isabella Cota

In evidenza

Mexicans building a feminist Internet face challenges (openDemocracy)

The Olimpia law, though it is actually a modification to an existing law on women’s right to a life free of violence, the amendment is one of few legal initiatives in Mexico with grassroots origins.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/democraciaabierta/mexicans-building-a-feminist-internet-face-challenges/

Tamara Pearson

In evidenza

How openDemocracy is tracking anti-abortion misinformation around the world (openDemocracy)

Nine months ago, we began following the money of two US religious right groups. Then, we deployed our own global network – of feminist investigative journalists.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/5050/how-opendemocracy-tracking-anti-abortion-misinformation-around-world/

Claire ProvostNandini Archer
In evidenza

PREVENT and CVE usher in ‘whole society’ surveillance (openDemocracy)

Questions on Countering Violent Extremism cannot be confined to isolated issues, when this is the language through which states speak themselves today.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/can-europe-make-it/prevent-and-cve-usher-in-whole-society-surveillance/
Azfar Shafi
In evidenza

Enduring the deep-rooted racialization of Roma (openDemocracy)

When Orban describes challenging segregation as a violation of “the people’s sense of justice”: where is the conscience of Hungarian, European, American, and other elite intellectuals?

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/can-europe-make-it/enduring-deep-rooted-racialization-roma/

Angéla Kóczé

In evidenza

Reimagining democratic public ownership for the twenty-first century (openDemocracy)

A new transatlantic project will explore how new models of public ownership can shape the emerging commanding heights of the economy.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oureconomy/reimagining-democratic-public-ownership-twenty-first-century/

Thomas HannaMathew Lawrence
In evidenza

Banking on coal (New Economics Foundation)

  • Coal is the single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions globally – and still expanding.
  • Globally, the use of coal for electricity production has to fall by two thirds until 2030 and to nearly zero by 2050 to keep the increase in global temperatures below 1.5 degrees. Analysis based on ​oldest-first” retirements of coal-fired power units highlight the need for a complete phase-out of coal across the OECD by 2030.
  • With 4 out of 5 coal EU power plants unprofitable and utilities facing loses of €6.6 billion in 2019 alone, a rapid phase-out of coal is critical to account for the financial risks of coal investments and the potential of ​asset stranding”.
  • Central banks and financial supervisors are a critical catalyst in channeling capital flows and ensuring the resilience of the financial system and thus play a vital role in reducing the funding of coal – in particular by:
    • excluding coal-exposed assets from central banks collateral frameworks and asset purchases,
    • accounting for coal risks in setting microprudential capital requirements,
    • introducing macroprudential capital buffers for coal exposures,
    • and ensuring that the risks of coal asset stranding are adequately reflected in stress tests.
  • Central banks across the world have exposures to coal through their collateral frameworks as well as the assets they hold. The balance sheets of major central banks today stand at more than 20 trillion USD. At least 627 billion USD of that total is allocated to equities and corporate bonds. Assuming that just 2% of this sum is linked to coal-exposed assets, central bank coal exposures would amount to more than 12 billion USD. Removing this exposure is critical and urgent.
  • Coal-related risks are not sufficiently accounted for in current risk analysis. Ensuring that these risks are adequately reflected in both microprudential and macroprudential supervision is vital.
  • The Bank of England has taken the first steps towards stress testing the financial sector for the stranding of fossil fuel assets in general and coal assets in particular. Further financial authorities need to follow its lead.
  • Key institutions to advance this agenda comprise leading central banks (e.g. Bank of England, Bank of Japan, European Central Bank, Federal Reserve, People’s Bank of China, SNB), rating agencies (e.g. DBRS, Fitch Ratings, Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s), as well as the IMF and the World Bank.

https://neweconomics.org/2020/02/banking-on-coal

FRANK VAN LERVEN

In evidenza

The case for universal basic services (New Economics Foundation)

A new book launched this week sets out a plan for transforming public services, putting people in control and establishing universal rights of access according to need – not ability to pay. It argues that we can only flourish as a society – now and in the future – if we act together and take collective responsibility to provide all of us with life’s essentials.

https://neweconomics.org/2020/02/the-case-for-universal-basic-services

ANNA COOTE

In evidenza

From negotiation to imposition: Trump’s Israel-Palestine parameters (ECFR)

Comparing the US “peace plan” for Israel-Palestine with ECFR’s own work on future parameters illuminates how Donald Trump is departing from longstanding international consensus positions.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_from_negotiation_to_imposition_trumps_israel_palestine_parameter

Hugh Lovatt

In evidenza

Reformists are dispirited and hard-liners resurgent ahead of Iran’s election (ECFR)

Some elected officials in Tehran are concerned that the security forces are gaining too much control over the political decision-making process. But reformists have been stymied by missteps of their own, as well as by US policy.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_reformists_are_dispirited_and_hard_liners_resurgent_ahead_of_ira

Ellie Geranmayeh

In evidenza

Energy Policy Lighthouses: The Little Green Book (WEF)

By many measures, the world is still in the early stages of a deep and profound transformation in energy, and industrial and agricultural processes. The aim of that transition is to achieve new policy goals for modern societies – among them, deep cuts in carbon dioxide and other warming gases. Success will require a reduction in emissions from current levels – more than 50 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalents today, rising at nearly 2% per year in recent years – to essentially zero over the next few decades, while delivering the energy the world needs at affordable costs. This transformation will not be easy, for mobilizing meaningful economic change is rarely a simple process that proceeds without opposition. It is hard to pin down how quickly it may be occurring already. However, with smart policy strategies and profound technological change, the process can run faster, at lower cost and with more benefits to society.

This community paper focuses on the role of policy in these processes of transformation. The experience, so far, is that the societies making the most progress on deep decarbonization have all relied heavily on policy initiatives – to set ambitious goals, to create incentives for innovation and development and deployment of new technologies, to encourage scaling of superior solutions, to encourage new kinds of firms and markets, and to send clear signals about the need for change. With growing attention on the need for energy transformation, there has been increasing interest in the lessons from many diverse policy experiences. The key insight from this effort is that there are many good practices that can be replicated while new more innovative policies can be developed to drive deep decarbonization.

https://www.weforum.org/reports/energy-policy-lighthouses-the-little-green-book

In evidenza

3 things to know about women in STEM (WEF)

  • Female students and employees are under-represented in STEM-related fields.
  • On average, around 30% of the world’s researchers are women.
  • Less than a third of female students choose to study higher education courses in subjects like math and engineering.
  • Women working in STEM fields publish less and often receive less pay.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/stem-gender-inequality-researchers-bias/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

To protect trust in the 4IR, we need to become experts in distrust (WEF)

  • Digital transformation is built and thrives on data – but trust in the way data is handled is decreasing.
  • Business leaders must take responsibility for building trust among all stakeholders.
  • Trust is reinforced by transparency and active participation in data sharing across industries and organizations.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/trust-is-the-lubricant-of-the-4ir/

, Director – Information Security, Procter & Gamble

, Global Coordinator for the Charter of Trust, Siemens

, Head of Governance and Policy, Centre for Cybersecurity, World Economic Forum

In evidenza

After devastating droughts and bushfires, Australia receives heavy rain (WEF)

  • Sydney and surrounding areas have seen the biggest sustained run of rainfall for 30 years.
  • The rain has doused some bushfires and replenished depleted dams.
  • But flooding has also caused travel chaos, power cuts and school closures.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/heavy-rains-australia-extreme-weather-climate/

-Writer, Reuters

In evidenza

This Canadian company transforms plastic waste into building materials (WEF)

  • A new initiative is converting plastic waste into a wood substitute used for construction.
  • Around 80% of recyclable plastic waste from the Canadian city of Halifax is reused, the project says.
  • The synthetic timber is durable and can be nailed, glued and handled like real wood.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/plastic-waste-building-materials-canada/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

Nigeria: 2020 could be Shell’s year of reckoning (Amnesty International)

In 2020 Shell will face unprecedented legal scrutiny over decades of human rights abuses in Nigeria, Amnesty International said today, as the oil giant braces itself for conclusions in a string of European court battles. Allegations range from complicity in unlawful executions to systemic pollution and environmental damage in the Niger Delta.

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/02/nigeria-2020-could-be-shell-year-of-reckoning/

In evidenza

The US Military Is Not Ready for a Constitutional Crisis (Defense One)

In nine years on duty, I received no training in how to uphold my oath to defend the Constitution. Today’s troops need to know how.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/us-military-not-ready-constitutional-crisis/163032/?oref=d-river

BY KEN HARBAUGH

In evidenza

DOD Civilians Would Get 1% Pay Raise Under 2021 Budget Proposal (Defense One)

That’s more than the Trump administration’s 2020 request, which would have frozen wages, but less than the 3.1% average pay increase enacted by Congress.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/1-pay-raise-proposed-dod-civilians/163028/?oref=d-river

BY ERICH WAGNER

In evidenza

Finance for renewable energy in Africa follows colonial roots (openDemocracy)

Investments into renewable energy in Africa are critical. But they need to take local ownership and participation seriously.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oureconomy/finance-renewable-energy-africa-follows-colonial-roots/

Steffen Haag

In evidenza

How to support your children in turning climate angst into climate action (openDemocracy)

We must tell the truth and show through our actions that we stand with young people in their efforts.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/transformation/how-support-your-children-turning-climate-angst-climate-action/

Harriet Shugarman

In evidenza

Deadly infection on the Colombian Pacific coast: Where is the state? (openDemocracy)

Five children died last week due to an infection in Chocó; the last one only a year and a half old. The Ministry of Health confirmed the deaths in a tweet, but all the focus was on the coronavirus.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/democraciaabierta/un-virus-misterioso-mata-a-6-ni%C3%B1os-en-el-pac%C3%ADfico-colombiano-y-no-es-el-coronavirus-en/

DemocraciaAbierta

In evidenza

Iran and Muqtada al-Sadr’s alliance against the revolution in Iraq (openDemocracy)

Iraq’s uprising is unmasking all the sectarian leaders attempting to ride the revolutionary wave.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/north-africa-west-asia/iran-and-muqtada-al-sadrs-alliance-against-the-revolution-in-iraq/

Zeidon Alkinani

In evidenza

Europe Must Act Against US-Backed “Crisis Pregnancy Centers” (Project-Syndicate)

When undercover reporters, posing as vulnerable pregnant women, were sent into the centers in 18 countries across Europe, Africa, and Latin America, they consistently received wildly misleading and false information about abortion and contraception. And what openDemocracy’s investigation found is likely just the tip of the iceberg.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/europe-must-act-against-crisis-pregnancy-centers-by-mary-fitzgerald-2020-02

Mary Fitzgerald is Editor in Chief of openDemocracy.

In evidenza

Getting Carbon Border Taxes Right (Project-Syndicate)

Carbon border taxes could help the world move more efficiently toward sustainability. But if such taxes are to be part of a consensual multilateral approach, rather than a new source of conflict, policymakers will have to tackle distributional issues upfront as part of a strategic design, not as an afterthought.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/carbon-border-taxes-efficiency-distributional-problems-by-kemal-dervis-2020-02

Kemal Derviş, former Minister of Economic Affairs of Turkey and former Administrator for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution.

In evidenza

America’s Isolationist Default (Project-Syndicate)

There is much truth to the view that President Donald Trump’s “America First” policies are an abdication of global leadership, sounding the death knell of the post-World War II multilateral order that the United States shaped and sustained. At the same time, this troubling turn represents a reversion to long-standing US values.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/america-reverts-to-isolationism-by-barry-eichengreen-2020-02

Barry Eichengreen is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a former senior policy adviser at the International Monetary Fund. His latest book is The Populist Temptation: Economic Grievance and Political Reaction in the Modern Era.

In evidenza

Ireland’s Electoral Earthquake (Project-Syndicate)

Sinn Féin’s shocking success in Ireland’s general election reflects several factors, from years of austerity to Brexit, which unlocked the Pandora’s box of Irish reunification. If the long-shunned nationalists finds their way into government, a referendum on reunification with Northern Ireland will be only a matter of time.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/sinn-fein-irish-election-will-accelerate-reunification-vote-by-bill-emmott-2020-02

Bill Emmott is a former editor-in-chief of The Economist.

In evidenza

The Value of Controlled Anonymity (CIGI)

As China’s influence and role in the development of technology continues to grow, democratic societies must ask whether the power of technology that’s developed in China — and often used to survey or track — can be appropriated for democratic purposes.

https://www.cigionline.org/articles/value-controlled-anonymity?utm_source=cigi_newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=why-technological-change-should-be-driven-value-system

Jesse Hirsh

In evidenza

22 Years After the DMCA, Online Piracy Is Still a Widespread Problem (ITIF)

Congress is looking back on a 22-year-old law that safeguards intellectual property and continues to shape the Internet: the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). The Senate Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Intellectual Property is holding a hearing on February 11 that will answer questions of why it was enacted and what the state of the law is now.

https://itif.org/publications/2020/02/07/22-years-after-dmca-online-piracy-still-widespread-problem?mc_cid=c6b12a5946&mc_eid=1605003b4c

Ashley Johnson

In evidenza

Improve Rail Safety With Technology, Not Crew Mandates (ITIF)

The decision of when to trust a machine over a human can be fraught, especially when the technology is relatively new to the public. The choice is often influenced not just by concerns about how it will perform but also by the fear that, if the technology is too good, it will replace workers. An example of this tension has been playing out recently in the Maryland and Virginia legislatures.

https://itif.org/publications/2020/02/04/improve-rail-safety-technology-not-crew-mandates?mc_cid=c6b12a5946&mc_eid=1605003b4c

Joe Kennedy

In evidenza

Cameroon: Elections Raise Prospect of Further Ruling-party Dominance (ICG)

With a boycotting opposition and low expected turnout in conflict-affected Anglophone regions, Cameroon’s ruling party should win big in forthcoming elections. In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Arrey Ntui explains why that result means dialogue about the country’s crises will have to happen outside parliament.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/central-africa/cameroon/cameroon-elections-raise-prospect-further-ruling-party-dominance

Arrey Elvis Ntui

In evidenza

Eight Priorities for the African Union in 2020 (ICG)

The African Union has been taking a larger role of late in addressing questions of peace and security on the continent. Our annual survey identifies eight situations where the organisation’s timely intercession could help resolve, mitigate or ward off conflict

https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/african-union-regional-bodies/b151-eight-priorities-african-union-2020

In evidenza

Security Assistance in the Middle East: A Three-Dimensional Chessboard (Carnegie Middle East Center)

The United States, Russia, and Iran have chosen markedly different approaches to security assistance in the Middle East, with dramatic implications for statebuilding and stability.

https://carnegie-mec.org/2020/02/06/security-assistance-in-middle-east-three-dimensional-chessboard-pub-80993

ROBERT SPRINGBORG,  F.C. “PINK” WILLIAMS,  JOHN ZAVAGE

In evidenza

China’s Guided Memory (SWP)

In 2019, China commemorated several anniversaries of politically significant events in its recent history: the May Fourth Movement (100 years), the foundation of the People’s Republic of China (70 years), the Tibet Uprising (60 years), the beginning of the reform and opening policy (40 years), and the massacre on Tiananmen Square (30 years). How China officially commemorates these events – or does not – weighs heavily on the country’s domestic and foreign policy. The state-constructed interpretations of his­tory as a claim to power are directed not only at Chinese society, but also at foreign partners interacting with China, especially governments and companies. The conceal­ment of problematic events from the past is alarming, not least because it in­creases the danger that historical mistakes will be repeated.

https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/chinas-guided-memory/

Hanns Günther Hilpert, Frédéric Krumbein, Volker Stanzel

 

In evidenza

Innovating to improve export competitiveness in Sri Lanka (International Trade Centre)

Henry and Susi are not only life partners. They are also holding hands to save the environment and improve the livelihoods of communities reeling from conflict through their business venture.

http://www.intracen.org/Innovating-to-improve-export-competitiveness-in-Sri-Lanka/

In evidenza

Tunisia’s young fashion designers get clothing industry boost from GTEX MENATEX programme (International Trade Centre)

A fourth group of textile and clothing enterprises in Tunisia to receive support from ITC’s GTEX MENATEX programme was formed during a meeting with beneficiaries in late January 2020 – now with a focus on young fashion designers.

http://www.intracen.org/news/GTEX-MENATEX-launches-the-4th-working-group-of-young-designers-of-Tunisian-brands/

In evidenza

Why exporters need to mind the trade finance gap (WEF)

  • Trade finance is one of the top three export obstacles for half of the world’s countries.
  • Traders generally abandon transactions if rejected for trade finance.
  • The WTO is working to address the problem of trade finance shortages.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/exporters-mind-trade-finance-gap/

, Counsellor, Economic Research, World Trade Organization (WTO) – , Head, Partnerships, Outreach and Resource Mobilization, Enhanced Integrated Framework Executive Secretariat, World Trade Organization

In evidenza

Why cyber-risk should take centre stage in financial services (WEF)

  • Cybercrime could cost banks an estimated $350 billion in the next five years.
  • At larger banks, the approach to this risk is still often a work in progress.
  • The sector needs to adopt a common language and framework around cybersecurity.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/cyber-risk-should-take-centre-stage-in-financial-services/

, Visiting Professor-in-Practice, London School of Economics and Political Science

In evidenza

Chinese Military Officers Hacked Equifax, Justice Department Says (Defense One)

DOJ officials highlighted the theft of intellectual property and personal information in one of the biggest online thefts in history.

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/02/chinese-military-officers-hacked-equifax-justice-department-says/163013/?oref=d-river

BY MARIAM BAKSH

In evidenza

Amazon Wants Trump to Testify as It Protests JEDI Cloud Award (Defense One)

Amazon Web Services also wants to hear from Defense Secretary Mark Esper and has asked for White House communications in its case against the Defense Department.

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/02/amazon-wants-trump-testify-it-protests-jedi-cloud-award/162999/?oref=d-river

BY FRANK KONKEL

In evidenza

Trump’s Attacks on Public Servants Are Hurting America (Defense One)

Self-dealing and disdain for public service reinforce the autocratic conceit that democratic systems are no better than dictatorial ones, and undermine our biggest advantage.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/trumps-attacks-public-servants-are-hurting-america/162992/?oref=d-river

BY WILLIAM J. BURNS

In evidenza

Undercurrents: Episode 45 – Politics in Kazakhstan, and Youth Engagement in Politics (Chatham House)

This week Ben explores the political outlook in Kazakshtan with colleagues from the Russia and Eurasia Programme, and discusses youth engagement as part of a new Chatham House project.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/file/undercurrents-episode-45-politics-kazakhstan-and-youth-engagement-politics

James Nixey, Director, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House
Kate Mallinson, Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House
Jemma Finnegan, Junior Press Officer, Communications and Publishing, Chatham House
Ben Horton, Communications Manager, Communications and Publishing, Chatham House

In evidenza

Getting Brexit Started: prospects for a new EU-UK partnership into the 2020s (LSE Ideas)

The withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) on January 31 was a seminal moment in post-war history, and one that presents challenges and opportunities for both key parties. Yet far from being a single, isolated event, the departure derives from a much broader process of well over a dozen negotiations (a catch-all term used here for formal diplomatic discussions and wider debates about Brexit) between and within the UK and EU about their futures.

With so many Brexit negotiations still underway, this paper underlines that the final form of the UK’s departure from the EU is not yet set in stone. Even with a withdrawal deal now ratified, there are multiple scenarios still possible: from a disorderly exit this year, through to the outside prospect of the transition being extended and a deep, comprehensive deal being concluded later in the 2020s. The stakes in play therefore remain huge and historic as both sides seek a new constructive partnership that can hopefully bring significant benefits for both at a time of global geopolitical turbulence.

http://www.lse.ac.uk/ideas/publications/reports/getting-brexit-started

In evidenza

The Coronavirus Will Not Cripple China’s Economy (Project-Syndicate)

Although the scope of the coronavirus outbreak exceeds that of SARS in 2003, current data suggest that the epidemic will likely reach a turning point in the next two weeks. That would mean China might conquer the virus in the first quarter, which is essential to mitigating the epidemic’s impact on overall growth in 2020.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/chinese-economy-coronavirus-limited-impact-by-zhang-jun-2020-02

Zhang Jun is Dean of the School of Economics at Fudan University and Director of the China Center for Economic Studies, a Shanghai-based think tank

In evidenza

How Xi Jinping’s “Controlocracy” Lost Control (Project-Syndicate)

Although the global coronavirus epidemic has only recently made international headlines, some in China have known about it since the beginning of December. Thanks to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s high-tech dictatorship, that information was not made public, and the virus was allowed to take off.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/xi-controlocracy-spread-coronavirus-by-xiao-qiang-2020-02

Xiao Qiang, Founder and Editor-in-Chief of China Digital Times, is a research scientist at the School of Information, University of California, Berkeley

In evidenza

Africa Must Choose Renewables Over Coal (Project-Syndicate)

African governments should strengthen strategies and policies aimed at encouraging the transition to a new climate economy and increasing investment in clean energy. By phasing out fossil fuels, Africa can lead by example in the global effort to combat climate change.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/africa-economic-development-needs-renewables-not-coal-by-carlos-lopes-4-2020-02

Carlos Lopes, a professor at the Nelson Mandela School of Public Governance at the University of Cape Town, is High Representative of the African Union for partnerships with Europe and a member of the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate

In evidenza

The Palestinian Dilemma (Project-Syndicate)

The peace plan proposed by the United States has been praised and damned in line with political affiliation. But no matter what plan is put forward, the Palestinians must change their strategy. Otherwise, the pattern of recent decades, in which every new offer is worse than the last, will be repeated.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/palestinians-must-change-political-strategy-by-tony-blair-2020-02

Tony Blair, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007, is Chairman of the Institute for Global Change

In evidenza

Child suicide is a symptom of our traumatised world (Al Jazeera)

The prevalence of psychological trauma among refugee youth should be an issue of utmost urgency for us all.

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/child-suicide-symptom-traumatised-world-200203130429457.html

Belen Fernandez is a contributing editor at Jacobin Magazine.

In evidenza

It is time to stop FGM (Al Arabiya)

A few weeks ago, my wife mentioned that our door attendant’s 10-year-old daughter, Malak, is scared because her parents had decided to “cut her.” As a professional who works for an organization that opposes all forms of gender based violence including female genital mutilation (FGM), Malak’s story disturbed me and prompted me to speak to her parents, Jumaa and Fatma.

https://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2020/02/06/It-is-time-to-stop-FGM.htmlhttps://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/middle-east/2020/02/06/It-is-time-to-stop-FGM.html

Dr. Luay Shabaneh is the Regional Director for Arab States in UNFPA, the UN agency for sexual and reproductive health

In evidenza

Measuring where the responsibility lies for the climate crisis (Al Arabiya)

A burning question at the heart of the climate crisis is: “Where does the responsibility lie?”

https://english.alarabiya.net/en/views/news/2020/02/05/Measuring-where-the-responsibility-lies-for-the-climate-crisis.html

Omar Al-Ubaydli (@omareconomics) is a researcher at Derasat, Bahrain

In evidenza

Could Europe become the first climate-neutral continent? (WEF)

  • Europe plans to become the first climate-neutral continent by 2050.
  • The measures include tougher emissions targets, increased support for biodiversity, and a revision of EU farming subsidies.
  • European Commission called it Europe’s ‘man on the moon’ moment”.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/europe-climate-change-new-green-deal/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

The Eleventh Hour for Idlib, Syria’s Last Rebel Bastion (ICG)

The Syrian regime’s deliberate but devastating campaign to retake Idlib has picked up in intensity, threatening death and displacement at levels unseen in Syria’s conflict, terrible as it has been to date. Damascus and its Russian backers must conclude an immediate ceasefire with rebel forces.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/syria/eleventh-hour-idlib-syrias-last-rebel-bastion

In evidenza

Realizing the Potential of AI Localism (Project-Syndicate)

With national innovation strategies focused primarily on achieving dominance in artificial intelligence, the problem of actually regulating AI applications has received less attention. Fortunately, cities and other local jurisdictions are picking up the baton and conducting policy experiments that will yield lessons for everyone.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/local-regulation-of-artificial-intelligence-uses-by-stefaan-g-verhulst-1-and-mona-sloane-2020-02

Stefaan G. Verhulst is Co-Founder of The GovLab at New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering and Editor-in-Chief of Data and Policy – Mona Sloane, a fellow at The GovLab at New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering, NYU’s Institute for Public Knowledge, and NYU’s Alliance for Public Interest Technology, is an adjunct professor at NYU

In evidenza

What messages should NATO communicate ? (Clingendael)

Recently, I participated in a conference on NATO’s approach to communications. Apart from NATO officials, the meeting involved academics, think tankers, representatives from PR and social media companies as well as members from the various Atlantic Associations that promote the Alliance in their home countries. It goes without saying that the event took place against the backdrop of mounting tensions within the organisation, caused by serious doubts about American leadership and Turkey’s independent behaviour, to name but two of the most pressing issues.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/what-messages-should-nato-communicate

Hugo Klijn

In evidenza

The power of perspective: Why EU membership still matters in the Western Balkans (ECFR)

  • Aspiring EU members must resolve outstanding disputes as part of the membership process. This has proved a powerful tool over the years.
  • Resolving bilateral problems, including border disputes, is especially crucial in the Western Balkans, where they are numerous.
  • France’s October 2019 veto of accession talks for North Macedonia and Albania has already weakened Western Balkans publics’ trust in the EU.
  • Should the EU’s influence wane, nationalist leaders will exacerbate tensions with neighbouring countries. The future of North Macedonia’s Prespa Agreement with Greece is under threat, and the Serbian Orthodox Church in Kosovo and Montenegro could also prove a potential flashpoint.
  • The EU should demonstrate its commitment to the Western Balkans by encouraging countries there to resolve their outstanding disputes, both to make them better candidates and to strengthen security in the region

https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_power_of_perspective_why_eu_membership_still_matters_in_western_balkans

Beáta Huszka

In evidenza

European Autonomy Under Germany (Valdai Discussion Club)

Recently Chancellor Angela Merkel outlined the key topics concerning German and European politics. She is preparing to hand over the baton not only to her successors in Berlin, but also to give clear signals to the EU’s new leaders and to her external partners in Washington, Beijing, and Moscow.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/european-autonomy-under-germany/

Dmitry Danilov

In evidenza

Limits of the US-Iran Conflict (Valdai Discussion Club)

The US-Iran relationship seems more contradictory than any other in the modern world. Over the past few years, Washington and Tehran have moved from the settlement of a basic conflict, the lifting of sanctions and the first steps towards the resumption of diplomatic relations back to the brink of war and military attacks on each other’s vital assets. This confrontation has lasted for 40 years, which makes it one of the longest-running in modern history. For Iran, it is a birthmark of its statehood, which has a formative influence on both its foreign policy and government strategy as a whole.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/limits-of-the-us-iran-conflict/

Andrey Sushentsov

In evidenza

Trade War and Sanctions: An Illusory Link (Valdai Discussion Club)

China and the United States was a serious step towards a ceasefire in the trade war between the two economic giants. Beijing accepted an obligation regarding US exports for the next two years, and Washington said it would not impose new duties. Of course, it left in force the existing ones until the signing of the next package. However, the lull in the trade war will do little to reduce the risk of the US imposing sanctions against China. After all, the trade war and sanctions are two different things. While the former concern economics, the latter primarily concern politics. The growing political contradictions between the United States and China have not disappeared. This means that the risk of sanctions will persist regardless of success in resolving the trade war. 

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/trade-war-and-sanctions-an-illusory-link/

Ivan Timofeev

In evidenza

The Mountain Ridge Will Save Tel Aviv from Ecological Disaster (BESA Center)

Most of the talk about the ravages of last month’s floods in Israel’s coastal cities concerns the responsibility of state authorities that failed to invest sufficiently in infrastructure development. But that is only part of the story. The main problem, which is repressed to the point of denial, stems from a planning failure at the macro level. This is not just a matter of flawed local planning for local drainage systems. This is a greater conceptual failure that results from ignoring the basic geographic conditions of the Land of Israel.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/tel-aviv-mountain-ridge/

By 

In evidenza

Iran’s Strategic Mistake: Too Many Enemies (BESA Center)

A photo showing an Iranian general surrounded by flags of the Islamic Republic’s proxies in Arab states illustrates that it has accumulated too many enemies—a condition that has caused many regimes throughout history to disappear. ISIS is a recent example. If the Islamic Republic persists in accumulating enemies, it might share the same fate.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/iran-enemies/

By 

In evidenza

Trump’s Brass Knuckles Tactics toward the European Allies (Aspenia online)

President Trump’s concept of “America First” has little to do with reducing America’s overgrown security commitments around the world. Knowledgeable advocates of a new foreign policy based on realism and restraint have made a compelling case that many of Washington’s commitments are now obsolete or were ill-advised and counterproductive from the outset. It is not unreasonable for a government running chronic, trillion-dollar-per-year budget deficits and trying to manage multiple wars to reconsider components of its foreign policy.

https://aspeniaonline.it/trumps-brass-knuckles-tactics-toward-the-european-allies/

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow in security studies at the Cato Institute, is the author of 12 books and more than 850 articles on international affairs. His latest book is “NATO: The Dangerous Dinosaur” (2019).

In evidenza

Dopo l’Iowa, la rischiosa lotta a tutto campo tra i Democratici (Aspenia online)

Non potevano iniziare in modo peggiore le primarie del Partito Democratico per scegliere il candidato che sfiderà Donald Trump il 3 novembre per la Presidenza degli Stati Uniti. Il voto in Iowa è il primo della lunga contesa che poi si terrà, nei prossimi mesi, in tutti gli Stati del Paese e si chiuderà alla Convention del partito a Milwaukee a metà luglio. Ma dopo due giorni dalla chiusura dei “caucus”, le assemblee che scelgono i delegati nelle 99 contee dello Stato, i risultati non sono ancora definitivi.

https://aspeniaonline.it/dopo-liowa-la-rischiosa-lotta-a-tutto-campo-tra-i-democratici/

Riccardo Pennisi is a European political analyst, focusing on public policy and political communications. He has previously carried out studies on democratization and EU enlargement. He has worked with the Assembly of European Regions in Strasbourg, is a writer at Il Mattino and a contributor at Limes, ISPI and AffarInternazionali. He is the author of the book Europei? Fotografia di un continente disorientato (Apes 2014).

In evidenza

Ally or Exploiter? The Smuggler-Migrant Relationship Is a Complex One (Migration Policy Institute)

As highly industrialized countries ramp up their border controls, human smugglers are playing a central role in moving migrants through key migration corridors around the world. Despite the illicit nature of their work and being cast as villains in the public eye, smugglers have complex, multifaceted relationships with their migrant clients. At times, the relationship can be mutually beneficial or even lifesaving; at others, it can be predatory and dangerous. Abandonment, extortion, kidnapping, and even death are common.

https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/ally-or-exploiter-smuggler-migrant-relationship-complex-one

In evidenza

Rebuilding Community after Crisis: Striking a New Social Contract for Diverse Societies (Transatlantic Council Statement) (Migration Policy Institute)

Governments must create a new social contract for the age of migration that has been ushered in by large-scale spontaneous migration flows on both sides of the Atlantic. These flows have upended asylum adjudications systems and placed enormous stress on reception, housing, and social services, particularly in Europe.

https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/rebuilding-community-after-crisis-transatlantic-council-statement

By Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Meghan Benton

In evidenza

Beyond Work: Reducing Social Isolation for Refugee Women and Other Marginalized Newcomers (Migration Policy Institute)

As migrant- and refugee-receiving countries in Europe, North America, and beyond prioritize services that are focused on employment, language instruction, and civic integration, newcomers who are not in the workplace are at high risk for social isolation. The consequences for this population, which is largely made up of women, refugees, the elderly, and migrants who are unskilled or illiterate, are far-reaching and go well beyond simple economics. As a result, societies should reconsider what successful integration looks like for newcomers who will never find traditional employment or who need a longer-than-average timeline to get there.

https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/reducing-social-isolation-refugee-women-newcomers

By Natalia Banulescu-Bogdan

In evidenza

Donald Caesar (Project-Syndicate)

Now that US President Donald Trump has avoided any punishment for his brazen abuse of power, he should be compared not to other democratic leaders, but to the notorious tyrants of the past. As it happens, the similarities between Trump and the most notorious Roman caesars are striking – and should give all Americans pause.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-impeachment-trial-by-josiah-osgood-2020-02

Josiah Osgood, Professor and Chair of Classics at Georgetown University, is the author, most recently, of How to Be a Bad Emperor: An Ancient Guide to Truly Terrible Leaders.

In evidenza

Trump’s Talk Could Mean War (Project-Syndicate)

Chinese President Xi Jinping has made reunification with Taiwan a priority. And what US President Donald Trump would say or do if Xi decided to assert the People’s Republic’s sovereignty by force is anyone’s guess.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-bluster-triggers-war-with-china-by-ian-buruma-2020-02

Ian Buruma is the author of numerous books, including Murder in Amsterdam: The Death of Theo Van Gogh and the Limits of ToleranceYear Zero: A History of 1945, and, most recently,  A Tokyo Romance: A Memoir.

In evidenza

US Democracy in Peril (Project-Syndicate)

Until Donald Trump, the United States had never had a president who maintained such a tight stranglehold on his party. Now that it does, the Constitution’s provisions for removing the president – through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction by a two-thirds majority of the Senate – have been neutered.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-acquittal-imperils-american-deomocratic-system-by-elizabeth-drew-2020-02

Elizabeth Drew is a Washington-based journalist and the author, most recently, of Washington Journal: Reporting Watergate and Richard Nixon’s Downfall.

In evidenza

Preventing the Death of the World’s Rivers (Project-Syndicate)

The world’s rivers are under unprecedented pressure from contamination, damming, and diversion, which are straining water resources, destroying ecosystems, jeopardizing livelihoods, and damaging human health. International cooperation can save riparian systems, but first we must recognize the consequences of doing nothing.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/world-rivers-endangered-by-damming-diversion-pollution-by-brahma-chellaney-2020-02

Brahma Chellaney, Professor of Strategic Studies at the New Delhi-based Center for Policy Research and Fellow at the Robert Bosch Academy in Berlin, is the author of nine books, including Asian JuggernautWater: Asia’s New Battleground, and <em=” “=”” target=”_blank”><em=”>Water, Peace, and War: Confronting the Global Water Crisis.

In evidenza

Looking back and pushing forward: the global fight to end FGM (UN Women)

Each year, approximately four million girls undergo female genital mutilation (FGM), a harmful practice that intentionally alters or causes injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

https://www.unwomen.org/en/news/stories/2020/1/feature-global-fight-to-end-fgm?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=5b7585181c-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_06_03_18&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-5b7585181c-43573965

In evidenza

More resettlement needed as only 4.5 per cent of global resettlement needs met in 2019 (UNHCR)

Out of 1.4 million refugees estimated to be in urgent need of resettlement worldwide, only 63,696 were resettled through UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, last year.

https://www.unhcr.org/news/press/2020/2/5e3a81c04/resettlement-needed-only-45-cent-global-resettlement-needs-met-2019.html?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=5b7585181c-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_06_03_18&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-5b7585181c-43573965

In evidenza

SDI: A Basis for a Multi-Layered Defense Against Ballistic Missiles (BESA Center)

The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI, or Star Wars) program was developed in the US in the 1980s with the aim of providing a hermetic defense against Soviet intercontinental ballistic nuclear missiles. SDI did not reach final implementation and was canceled in 1993. It nevertheless created a basis for the development of a multi-layered theater defense against ballistic missiles. That defense was realized by Israel in its development of the Arrow ballistic missile interceptor system and other systems to defend against rockets and short-range missiles.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/sdi-ballistic-missile-defense/

By 

In evidenza

Turkey and Israel: Can Pragmatism Defeat “Bad Blood”? (BESA Center)

The Turkish admiral who masterminded Turkey’s maritime deal with Libya thinks the same agreement should also be signed with Israel. Many might be tempted to think there is too much metaphorical “bad blood” between Turkey and Israel to permit any degree of rapprochement. But subtle signs suggest this may not be the whole picture.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/turkey-israel-pragmatism/

By 

In evidenza

The Confederation Alternative for Israel and Palestine (The Century Foundation)

American policy on Israel and Palestine has long been stymied by contradictions. In particular, the United States professes a goal of fostering peace, but enables the processes that perpetuate conflict. This contradiction is at the heart of Washington’s sharp loss of credibility as an honest broker in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, a loss that damages U.S. standing in the Middle East at large.

https://tcf.org/content/report/confederation-alternative-israel-palestine/

In evidenza

United Nations urges greater commitment to refugee resettlement (INFOMIGRANTS)

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, says less than five percent of refugees in urgent need of resettlement last year were moved to safety. The agency has repeated a call for governments around the world to offer more resettlement opportunities.

https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/22580/united-nations-urges-greater-commitment-to-refugee-resettlement

In evidenza

From new space to big space: How commercial space dream is becoming a reality (Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique)

New space is a misleading expression. Many new trends steer the evolution of space activities. Development of commercial space, with start-ups and space ventures, is one of the most visible trends in space. Stimulated by the first initiatives related to space tourism, access to space and the growing use of small satellites, space activities have attracted new entrepreneurs, both start-ups and big web actors with substantial investment capacity. This revolution started in the Silicon Valley and spread worldwide. Start-ups have attracted around $21.8 billion of investment from 2000 to 2018. It is far below the annual institutional budgets but the pace gained momentum since 2006 and specially 2012.

https://www.frstrategie.org/sites/default/files/documents/publications/autres/2020/articleespace.pdf

Gil Denisa, Didier Alarya , Xavier Pascob , Nathalie Pisota , Delphine Texiera, Sandrine Toulza

In evidenza

New Counterintelligence Strategy to Boost Sharing on Cyber Threats (Defense One)

To be rolled out Monday, the strategy adds the private sector as a customer of the intelligence community.

https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2020/02/odni-plans-share-more-about-cyber-threats-under-new-counterintelligence-strategy/162896/?oref=d-river

BY MARIAM BAKSH

In evidenza

Phase one trade deal eases frictions, phase two likely to encounter tougher bargaining (Global Times)

Since the US began to impose punitive tariffs on China in March 2018, China-US trade and economic relations have been significantly affected. According to China’s General Administration of Customs, China’s imports and exports to the US fell by 10.7 percent to 3.73 trillion yuan ($542 billion) in 2019.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1178600.shtml

By Song Wei

In evidenza

China, US can’t put easing trade tension in reverse amid epidemic (Global Times)

Just a few weeks ago, global investors were cheering the pause in the multi-year trade war between China and the US that had roiled markets around the world. That jubilation now appears to have been short lived, as the world economy grapples with fresh risks to the hard-won phase one agreement and widely-expected tough negotiations for a possible second deal.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1178647.shtml

In evidenza

China’s governance model well-suited to confronting virus outbreak (Global Times)

As China spares no effort to combat the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), some Western media outlets have launched a fresh round of criticism of China’s governance model in dealing with the spread of the pneumonia. The New York Times in late January published an article titled “Coronavirus Exposes Core Flaws, and Few Strengths in China’s Governance,” suggesting that “China’s political system might be getting in the way of its ability to confront the coronavirus outbreak.”

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1178564.shtml

By Zhang Shuhua

In evidenza

A roadmap for digital-led economic development (VOX)

In richer developed nations almost 90% of people are online, but this number is less than 20% in the least-developed countries. This column presents the Pathways for Prosperity Commission’s final report, which offers pragmatic suggestions to help developing countries make the most of technological change. It proposes a ‘digital compact’, with countries working towards a shared vision for the future crafted with the input of industry, civil society, and other national leaders.

https://voxeu.org/article/roadmap-digital-led-economic-development

Toby Phillips

In evidenza

Inadequate data protection: A threat to economic and national security (VOX)

Individuals, citizens and firms have become increasingly dependent on data-driven services such as artificial intelligence and apps, and the same is true of defence and national security officials. This column argues that the US failure to adequately govern how firms use and monetise data affects national security in many ways. It also examines specific examples of the misuse of data and assesses the responses by the US and the EU.

https://voxeu.org/article/inadequate-data-protection-threat-economic-and-national-security

Susan Ariel Aaronson

In evidenza

Inflation in a changing economic environment: Insights from a conference at the ECB (VOX)

Inflation in advanced economies fell by less than expected in the wake of the financial crisis, while more recently, measures of slack and underlying inflation in the euro area have seen a disconnect. These and other inflation developments since the Global Crisis have surprised policymakers, practitioners, and academics alike. This column outlines the evidence presented at a recent ECB conference which aimed at enhancing collective understanding of the drivers and dynamics of inflation.

https://voxeu.org/article/inflation-changing-economic-environment

Michael Ehrmann, Marek Jarociński, Christiane Nickel, Chiara Osbat, Andrej Sokol

In evidenza

A Storm in January: Implications of the Recent U.S.-Iran Crisis for the Global Order (Carnegie Moscow Center)

The U.S.-Iran crisis of January 2020 did not lead to a major war in the Middle East, but it did reveal a number of new trends reshaping the world order.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/80963

Dmitri Trenin

In evidenza

Are Russians Ready for Lasting Change? (Carnegie Moscow Center)

The Russian public’s appetite for change has increased considerably in the past two years, according to a new poll by the Carnegie Moscow Center and the Levada Center. What kind of change do people want, and what are they prepared to do about it?

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/80977

Andrei Kolesnikov

Denis Volkov

In evidenza

Odds Still Stacked against Working Women in Europe (Global Policy)

International Women’s Day on March 8 is around the corner again, offering Europe’s decision makers a fresh chance for Europe to admit that women still lag men in the workplace. Childcare provision is often in short supply and women are still much less likely than men to sit in the boss’ chair – but is Europe moving in the right direction?

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/05/02/2020/odds-still-stacked-against-working-women-europe

By Jess Smee

In evidenza

With Brexit ‘done’, it’s Time to Overhaul Our Tax System (Global Policy)

Corporate tax dodging disproportionately affects women and girls. That’s why we’re calling for a feminist tax system, now!

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/04/02/2020/brexit-done-its-time-overhaul-our-tax-system

By Caroline Othim, Marie Antonelle Joubert and Roosje Saalbrink

In evidenza

Faut-il une nouvelle opération Sophia ? La Libye a besoin de persévérance, pas d’actions impulsives (Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique)

Les résultats de la conférence sur la Libye à Berlin de janvier 2020 sont considérés à juste titre comme un succès. Le gouvernement fédéral allemand a réussi à réunir tous les acteurs du conflit. Même si les deux parties principales ont refusé de se parler directement, la conférence a permis de traiter les premières mesures à prendre pour parvenir à un cessez-le-feu durable entre les acteurs libyens et non à se focaliser sur la guerre civile et ses soutiens extérieurs.

https://www.frstrategie.org/sites/default/files/documents/publications/notes/2020/202002.pdf?_cldee=bS5lbWFudWVsZUB1bmlsaW5rLml0&recipientid=contact-b4cf8817cf9de911a97e000d3a206976-8fa20f59c64047a3a69fbd8281911900&esid=d9c1b003-1948-ea11-a812-000d3a44afcc

Tobias Pietz Chef adjoint de la division d’analyse, Centre pour les opérations internationales de paix (ZIF) à Berlin

In evidenza

Coronavirus Impact: Beyond the Scope of Rationality (Valdai Discussion Club)

The negative impact of the novel coronavirus is temporary and controllable, and will not lead to catastrophic consequences because the Chinese government is determined to effectively control the spread of the epidemic, says Wan Qingsong, research fellow with the Shanghai-based East China Normal University Centre for Russian Studies, in an interview with valdaiclub.com.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/coronavirus-impact-beyond-the-scope-of-rationality/

Wan Qingsong

In evidenza

Trump and Iran (Valdai Discussion Club)

President Trump’s decision to assassinate Iranian general Qassem Soleimani brought the two countries to the brink of war. Fortunately, at least for now, both pulled back. Iran’s face-saving retaliation was planned (with the probable assistance of Iraq) to hit parts of US bases that had long been abandoned, insuring no American casualties. Then both Trump and the Iranian government announced that they would take no further armed actions, although American sanctions on Iran continue an Iran still is arming and guiding proxies throughout the Middle East. 

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/trump-and-iran/

Richard Lachmann

In evidenza

Unprecedented Economic Crisis in Lebanon: Is There an Alternative? (Valdai Discussion Club)

Lebanon has a new government. It is formed of technocrats, most of whom are beholden to traditional Lebanese political parties.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/unprecedented-economic-crisis-in-lebanon/

Randa Slim

In evidenza

Drilling at Gunpoint: EU Sanctions on Turkey (Valdai Discussion Club)

The January meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council focused, in part, on Turkey’s oil and gas drilling in the Eastern Mediterranean. High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell said the Working Party of Foreign Relations Counsellors (RELEX) is about to complete its package of sanctions against Turkey. It is compiling a list of individuals and companies on which restrictions will be imposed.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/drilling-at-gunpoint-eu-sanctions-on-turkey/

Yulia Timofeeva

In evidenza

Election Interference and the Emperor’s New Clothes (CSIS)

As we approach the 2020 elections, an examination of Russian influence operations in 2016 suggests we are still vulnerable but not in ways people may expect. Explanations of what happened in 2016 usually involve two general hypotheses: the “Svengali effect,” where hapless citizens are mesmerized by evil external forces, or “The Emperor’s New Clothes,” where influence operations hold up a mirror for the voting public to see political nakedness. Naturally, the Svengali effect is easiest to accept, but it is also wrong.

https://www.csis.org/analysis/election-interference-and-emperors-new-clothes

James Andrew Lewis

In evidenza

Out of the slow lane: How Europe can meet the challenge of AI (ECFR)

EU member states need to turn their declarations of intent about international cooperation on technological sovereignty into real projects.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_out_of_the_slow_lane_how_europe_can_meet_the_challenge_of_ai

Ulrike Esther Franke

In evidenza

Insecurity in the Sahel: Europe’s next fight against jihadism (ECFR)

The G5 Sahel has an excessive focus on security issues, as this has come at the expense of the political and governance issues it must deal with to truly stabilise the region.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_insecurity_in_the_sahel_europes_next_fight_against_jihadism

Andrew Lebovich

In evidenza

‘We see ourselves as a voice for all migrants’ (INFOMIGRANTS)

A unique migrant health center in Cologne has become a kind of one-stop shop for advice for migrants from all over Germany. The center’s director, Musa Deli, gave InfoMigrants an insight into the center and its work.

https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/22464/we-see-ourselves-as-a-voice-for-all-migrants?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=25dd97bd85-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_05_04_55&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-25dd97bd85-43573965

Emma Wallis

In evidenza

Italian food system exploits migrant farm workers – UN (ANSA)

Half of the agricultural workforce in Italy is made up of migrants. Those are the findings from the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food. “Migrant workers are being exploited by the Italian food system,” said Elver during a visit to Italy last week.

https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/22540/italian-food-system-exploits-migrant-farm-workers-un?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=25dd97bd85-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_05_04_55&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-25dd97bd85-43573965

In evidenza

Migrants, refugees on Greece’s Lesbos chant freedom in second day of protest (Reuters)

Hundreds of migrants rallied for a second day on the Greek island of Lesbos on Tuesday to demand the faster processing of asylum requests, while local residents staged a separate protest calling for the camps to close.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-greece-lesbos-protest/migrants-refugees-on-greeces-lesbos-chant-freedom-in-second-day-of-protest-idUSKBN1ZY1Y3?utm_source=Unknown+List&utm_campaign=25dd97bd85-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_05_04_55&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_-25dd97bd85-&utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=25dd97bd85-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_05_04_55&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-25dd97bd85-43573965

 

In evidenza

U.S. Could Actually Use More Nigerian Immigrants (Bloomberg)

A new ban from the White House hits one of the most successfully integrated groups in the country.

https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2020-02-04/trump-immigration-ban-from-nigeria-overlooks-integration-success?srnd=opinion&utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=25dd97bd85-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_02_05_04_55&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-25dd97bd85-43573965

By 

In evidenza

Escalating to Deescalate? Why Turkey Is Targeting Syria’s Army (World Politics Review)

For the first time in Syria’s nine-year war, the Turkish military this week launched direct attacks on the Syrian army. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Monday that he ordered howitzers and F-16 fighter jets to hit President Bashar al-Assad’s forces near the Turkish border in response to the killing of eight Turkish soldiers in Idlib province in northwestern Syria.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28516/in-the-battle-for-idlib-in-syria-turkey-strikes-assad-s-forces-for-the-first-time

Aron Lund is a fellow with The Century Foundation. In 2018–2020, his work on Syria is supported by a research grant from the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation.

In evidenza

Navigating the Storms at the UN Security Council (ICG)

Tensions are mounting among the permanent five members of the UN Security Council. After a series of rows over the Middle East, and with further disputes on the horizon, the five should convene a September summit as proposed by France and Russia to contain their differences.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/global/navigating-storms-un-security-council

Richard Gowan

In evidenza

CrisisWatch. Tracking Conflict Worldwide (ICG)

CrisisWatch is our global conflict tracker, a tool designed to help decision-makers prevent deadly violence by keeping them up-to-date with developments in over 80 conflicts and crises, identifying trends and alerting them to risks of escalation and opportunities to advance peace.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/crisiswatch/february-alerts-and-january-trends-2020

In evidenza

Lessons from ASEAN’s Rakhine response (East Asia Forum)

At the 35th ASEAN Summit held in Bangkok in November last year, the ASEAN Prize 2019 was awarded to Jemilah Mahmood, founder of Mercy Malaysia and a high-level official at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. By honouring a luminary of humanitarian activism in Southeast Asia, ASEAN leaders demonstrated their eagerness to upgrade their organisation’s profile as a linchpin in regional humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.

https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2020/02/05/lessons-from-aseans-rakhine-response/

Author: Kilian Spandler, University of Gothenburg

In evidenza

The pitfalls of Sri Lanka’s remittance economy (East Asia Forum)

The post-millennium surge in global remittances — amounting to a net transfer of US$689 billion to the global south in 2019 — has courted significant policy attention around prospects for ‘migration-development’. The World Bank and the Migration Policy Institute have heralded temporary labour migration as a ‘triple win’: a win for migrant workers, for the countries they hail from and for the countries they work in, with remittances positioned as the pivotal boon for migrant households and countries of origin. The argument assumes that remittances allow poor households to overcome poverty and make investments while providing much needed foreign exchange earnings at a macroeconomic level.

https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2020/02/05/the-pitfalls-of-sri-lankas-remittance-economy/

Author: Matt Withers, Macquarie University

In evidenza

Behind the Democratic Progressive Party’s convincing 2020 win (East Asia Forum)

On 11 January 2020, incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen and her Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won a record-high number of votes and the majority of seats in Taiwan’s general election.

https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2020/02/04/behind-the-democratic-progressive-partys-convincing-2020-win/

Authors: Fang-Yu Chen, Michigan State University, Austin Wang, University of Nevada, Charles K S Wu, Purdue University and Yao-Yuan Yeh, University of St Thomas

In evidenza

Energy Policy Lighthouses: The Little Green Book (WEF)

By many measures, the world is still in the early stages of a deep and profound transformation in energy, and industrial and agricultural processes. The aim of that transition is to achieve new policy goals for modern societies – among them, deep cuts in carbon dioxide and other warming gases. Success will require a reduction in emissions from current levels – more than 50 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalents today, rising at nearly 2% per year in recent years – to essentially zero over the next few decades, while delivering the energy the world needs at affordable costs. This transformation will not be easy, for mobilizing meaningful economic change is rarely a simple process that proceeds without opposition. It is hard to pin down how quickly it may be occurring already. However, with smart policy strategies and profound technological change, the process can run faster, at lower cost and with more benefits to society.

This community paper focuses on the role of policy in these processes of transformation. The experience, so far, is that the societies making the most progress on deep decarbonization have all relied heavily on policy initiatives – to set ambitious goals, to create incentives for innovation and development and deployment of new technologies, to encourage scaling of superior solutions, to encourage new kinds of firms and markets, and to send clear signals about the need for change. With growing attention on the need for energy transformation, there has been increasing interest in the lessons from many diverse policy experiences. The key insight from this effort is that there are many good practices that can be replicated while new more innovative policies can be developed to drive deep decarbonization.

https://www.weforum.org/reports/energy-policy-lighthouses-the-little-green-book

 

In evidenza

How AI is shaping financial services (WEF)

  • Global AI in Financial Services Survey, supported by EY and Invesco, shows the impact AI will have on financial institutions, from business models to changes in the workforce;
  • By 2030, FinTechs anticipate AI will have expanded their workforce by 19%;
  • Data quality and access to data, as well as access to suitable talent, are all seen as major obstacles to implementing AI.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/how-ai-is-shaping-financial-services/

, Research Affiliate, Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance, the University of Cambridge Judge Business School

, Research and Analysis, Financial and Monetary Systems, World Economic Forum

, Executive Director, Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance, the University of Cambridge Judge Business School

In evidenza

This is what we can really do about climate change, says new report (WEF)

  • Despite efforts to achieve net-zero by 2050, global emissions are still rising.
  • A new study suggests ways to fast-track efforts to decarbonize the planet.
  • Building a business case for sustainable energy could drive the transition.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/tackling-climate-change-actions-report/

, Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

China’s Global Human-Rights Whitewash (Project-Syndicate)

Under President Xi Jinping, China has forcibly detained hundreds of thousands of Uighurs and stepped up its violations of human rights at home. And now Xi is using China’s international clout to prevent censure of other governments’ abuses, effectively building a coalition of the willing against the international human-rights regime.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-attacking-global-human-rights-reegime-by-aryeh-neier-2020-02

Aryeh Neier, President Emeritus of the Open Society Foundations and a founder of Human Rights Watch, is author of The International Human Rights Movement: A History

In evidenza

Brazil Needs a Fresh Start (Project-Syndicate)

Since the restoration of democracy in 1985, Brazil has made notable gains when it comes to taming inflation, expanding welfare assistance, and even reducing poverty. But unless the country can tackle rising inequality and restore faith in its political leadership, these gains could be lost.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/fighting-brazilian-inequality-requires-new-political-leadership-by-luciano-huck-2020-02

Luciano Huck is a Brazilian TV host, philanthropist, and entrepreneur

In evidenza

Africa Is the Last Frontier for Global Growth (Project-Syndicate)

If Africa sustains and accelerates structural reforms over the next half-century, some believe that the continent can emulate China’s rapid rise of the last 50 years. But success is far from guaranteed, even as the consequences of failure would be grave – and global.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/africa-growth-potential-reforms-by-colin-coleman-2020-02

Colin Coleman, a former CEO for Goldman Sachs in Sub-Saharan Africa, is a senior fellow and lecturer at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University.

In evidenza

The Sino-American World Conflict (SWP)

 The Sino-American conflict syndrome contains several elements. It is based on a regional status competition, which is increasingly becoming global.

 This competition for influence has become combined with an ideological antagonism that has recently become more focused on the US side.

 Since the United States and China perceive each other as potential mili­tary adversaries and plan their operations accordingly, the security dilemma also shapes their relationship.

 The strategic rivalry is particularly pronounced on China’s maritime pe­riphery, dominated by military threat perceptions and the US expectation that China intends to establish an exclusive sphere of influence in East Asia.

 Global competition for influence is closely interwoven with the techno­logical dimension of American-Chinese rivalry. It is about dominance in the digital age.

 The risk for international politics is that the intensifying strategic rivalry between the two states condenses into a structural world conflict. This could trigger de-globalization and the emergence of two orders, one under the predominant influence of the United States and the other under China’s influence.

https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/the-sino-american-world-conflict/

Peter Rudolf

In evidenza

Connect the Green Deal with Citizens, States and Geopolitics (Clingendael)

Shortly before the Christmas break the new European Commission published its long-awaited Green Deal. Once more the European Union showed its green ambitions and proclaimed environmental leadership by drafting a document full of strong environmental objectives. However, at the face of it, the announced European policies still need to be connected with the EU Member States, EU citizens and geopolitics in order to pass from words on paper into concrete actions.

https://spectator.clingendael.org/en/publication/connect-green-deal-citizens-states-and-geopolitics

Stephan Slingerland

Senior Visiting Fellow at the Clingendael Institute
Andreea Beznea

Consultant at Trinomics
Liliana Guevara Opinska

Consultant at Trinomics
Foivos Petsinaris

Consultant at Trinomics
Tycho Smit

Consultant at Trinomics
In evidenza

Emerging technologies & competition in 4th industrial revolution (Clingendael)

This article by Brigitte Dekker & Maaike Okano-Heijmans was originally published in the winter/spring edition of the Strategic Trade Review, volume 6, issue 9, a special issue on emerging technologies. 

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/need-new-approaches-export-control

In evidenza

Quello che gli intellettuali non dicono (L’Osservatore Romano)

Tema scomodo quello del rapporto fra intellettuali e potere. In Italia poi è argomento tabù, forse perché la questione, nel cosiddetto Belpaese, viene da lontano ed evoca aspetti che la coscienza e la narrativa nazionale del dopoguerra preferiscono rimuovere.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/quello-che-gli-intellettuali-non-dicono

di Marco Bellizi

In evidenza

Il canone Steiner (L’Osservatore Romano)

Non esiste solo il canone occidentale di Harold Bloom, c’è anche quello formulato da George Steiner, morto il 3 febbraio a Cambridge all’età di 90 anni. Il grande critico, filosofo e saggista francese ha abbracciato l’intero scibile della letteratura: dalla tragedia greca a Heidegger, da Shakespeare ai romanzieri russi, fino al raccapricciante abisso della Shoah. Proprio recentemente aveva espresso una forte preoccupazione per l’inquietante rigurgito del populismo e dell’antisemitismo in Europa, fenomeni destinati — aveva sottolineato — a minare e a ledere gli equilibri già precari su cui poggia il vecchio continente.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/il-canone-steiner

di Gabriele Nicoló

In evidenza

Il sensibile e l’inatteso (L’Osservatore Romano)

L’ultimo lavoro del teologo milanese Pierangelo Sequeri, ora direttore del Pontificio Istituto Giovanni Paolo II, Il sensibile e l’inatteso. Lezioni di estetica teologica (Brescia, Queriniana, 2016), rappresenta un importante contributo per il ripensamento e il rinnovamento della teologia auspicati da Papa Francesco in Veritatis gaudium.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/il-sensibile-e-linatteso-i

di Marco Tibaldi

In evidenza

Quel desiderio di non appartenenza (L’Osservatore Romano)

Il 4 febbraio di centoventi anni fa nasceva, a Neully-sur-Seine, Jacques Prévert, delizia di generazioni di innamorati, croce di borghesi benpensanti e solidi giocatori di borsa per i quali quelle da lui cantate erano null’altro che smancerie e perdite di tempo per chi di tempo ne aveva, da perdere: un fannullone, un poco di buono, un vagabondo o qualcosa di simile. E non erano troppo lontani dalla verità, nonostante i luoghi comuni.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/quel-desiderio-di-non-appartenenza

di Marco Testi

In evidenza

Trump’s Ban on Nigerian Immigrants Will Hurt His Defense Strategy (Defense One)

Expanding immigration bans while seeking closer economic ties with Africa to counter Russian and Chinese influence indicates policy incoherence.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/02/trump-administration-bans-immigrants-nigeria/162872/?oref=d-river

BY JOHN CAMPBELL

In evidenza

Spotted: Ransomware That Targets Industrial Controls (Defense One)

EKANS is the first known malware made to freeze the systems that run electrical utilities and the like, says cyber firm Dragos, adding that there’s no apparent link to Iran.

https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2020/02/cybersecurity-firm-flags-novel-ransomware-aimed-industrial-control-systems/162867/?oref=d-river

BY MARIAM BAKSH

In evidenza

La via del riscatto per l’Africa (L’Osservatore Romano)

L’Africa è un continente profondamente segnato dai paradossi della globalizzazione. Le contraddizioni sono tali per cui s’impone, mai come oggi, l’esigenza d’imprimere una svolta capace d’innescare dei processi di cambiamento, di tracciare dei percorsi in grado di favorire l’agognato sviluppo. Come mai, ad esempio, un continente eccezionalmente ricco di materie prime e capitale umano non riesce a sfruttare adeguatamente le proprie risorse? Perché l’esclusione sociale è tale da essere sistemica in tutte le sue manifestazioni? A questo proposito, sia nell’Evangelii gaudium come anche nella Laudato si’, Papa Francesco ha rilevato che alla radice dell’insostenibilità socio-economica ed ambientale c’è sempre un modello di sviluppo scorretto, fondato su assunti economici fallaci. Si tratta di un’osservazione pertinente che esige una decisa assunzione di responsabilità da parte del consesso delle nazioni a livello planetario perché, alla prova dei fatti, le attuali dinamiche in atto mirano sempre e comunque alla massimizzazione dei profitti, provocando una costante sperequazione tra le classi sociali.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/la-del-riscatto-sociale-lafrica

di Giulio Albanese

In evidenza

Lutte contre le terrorisme en Afrique : « La France et les Etats-Unis sont de moins en moins alignés » (IFRI)

Pour Elie Tenenbaum, chercheur à l’IFRI, Washington est moins préoccupé par la menace terroriste que par la présence de la Chine et de la Russie sur le continent.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/lutte-contre-terrorisme-afrique-france-etats-unis-de-alignes

Elie TENENBAUM, interviewé par Nathalie Guibert, pour Le Monde Afrique

In evidenza

Le commerce mondial à la mer (IFRI)

Depuis 2017, le commerce mondial connaît une décélération souvent expliquée par les mesures protectionnistes de l’administration Trump. Difficile, à ce stade, de dire si elle est simplement conjoncturelle. Nul doute, cependant, qu’un renversement s’est opéré en une décennie.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/lifri-medias/commerce-mondial-mer

Thomas GOMART, chronique parue dans la revue Études

In evidenza

Singapour, île modèle ou île fragile ? (IFRI)

Située en Asie du Sud-Est sur l’un des grands axes maritimes de la planète, l’île de Singapour s’est inventé un modèle : devenir la pionnière des “smart cities”. Ordonné comme une Suisse asiatique, le petit État a connu un développement économique exemplaire. Mais “le modèle singapourien” révèle aujourd’hui ses failles.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/videos/singapour-ile-modele-ile-fragile

Sophie BOISSEAU du ROCHER, en collaboration avec ARTE pour “Le Dessous des cartes”

In evidenza

How can global governance be fixed in an age of upheaval? (IFRI)

Ifri’s Executive Chairman Thierry de Montbrial spoke at the 20th World Knowledge Forum in Seoul on September 25, 2019 with Robin Niblett, Chatham House’s director, Ed Feulner, The Heritage Foundation’s Founder and Former President and Feng Zhu, Director of the Institute of International Studies at Nanjing University about the major governance issues of our time.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/espace-media/videos/how-can-global-governance-be-fixed-age-upheaval

In evidenza

Crimea’s Occupation Exemplifies the Threat of Attacks on Cultural Heritage (Chatham House)

Societies, courts and policymakers should have a clearer awareness that assaults against cultural heritage constitute a creeping encroachment on a people’s identity, endangering its very survival.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/crimea-s-occupation-exemplifies-threat-attacks-cultural-heritage

Kateryna Busol

In evidenza

Arabs and the Holocaust (BESA Center)

Leaders from around the world recently visited Israel to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. Concurrently with that visit, another important historical visit took place: for the first time, a delegation of leading Arabs visited the Nazi extermination camp.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/arabs-holocaust/

By 

In evidenza

The Hazards of Holocaust Remembrance in Europe (BESA Center)

The received wisdom that greater Holocaust awareness automatically translates into policies and attitudes favorable to European Jews and the Jewish state is dubious at best. As assimilation and antisemitism hollow out Jewish communities on the Continent, Holocaust remembrance in Europe may well cease to help Jews altogether.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/holocaust-remembrance-europe/

By 

In evidenza

Democrats, Experts, and Peace Plans (BESA Center)

The Trump “Deal of the Century” has elicited responses ranging from enthusiastic support to bitter rejection. Among those rejecting the plan are US Democratic candidates for president. Their instant and total rejection reflects an instinctive antipathy toward Trump but also an addiction to expert-driven processes that have failed for decades. The blanket rejection reflects non-zero sum conceptions in which there can be no winners or losers in the conflict, and reveals an instrumental view of Palestinians as stalking horses for other causes. But reality is creeping in and starting to change attitudes.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/democrats-experts-and-peace-plans/

By 

In evidenza

Tips for investor engagement in emerging markets (WEF)

  • Investors are looking to grow their portfolios in emerging markets.
  • They must take the time to understand the local business environment, culture, and evolving regulations.
  • Partnering with local investors can be mutually beneficial.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/investor-engagement-emerging-markets/

, Project manager, World Economic Forum

In evidenza

How Europe’s science offers hope in tackling the climate emergency (WEF)

  • Climate change dominated the agenda at Davos.
  • Science will be key to finding solutions for a sustainable world.
  • From understanding ice melt to building bird-like drones to monitor pollution, innovations are helping us tackle the emergency.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/02/how-europe-s-science-offers-hope-in-tackling-the-climate-emergency/

, President, European Research Council

In evidenza

Capitalismo della sorveglianza (L’Osservatore Romano)

Nel terzo millennio, guardando a un progetto di civiltà, crediamo che occorra una riflessione strategica sul trinomio innovazione / potere / istituzioni, partendo da alcune domande fondamentali: dopo la fine delle esperienze totalitarie del ‘900, persiste l’idea totalitaria? in quali forme? in quali ambiti? qual è la sua pervasività?

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/capitalismo-della-sorveglianza

di Marco Emanuele

 

In evidenza

The Battle for French Pension Reform (Project-Syndicate)

In a country with 42 different pension schemes and deep-seated stakes in maintaining the status quo, it is no surprise that a proposed overhaul of the French retirement system would be met with strong public resistance. And yet, reform is both necessary and inevitable, given France’s demographic realities.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/macron-french-pension-reform-by-raphael-hadas-lebel-2020-02

Raphaël Hadas-Lebel, author of Hundred and One Words about the French Democracy, is a former president of the Conseil d’État (State Council) Social Section and chaired the Conseil d’orientation des retraites (Pensions Advisory Council) from 2006 to 2015

In evidenza

Trump’s Transactional Myopia (Project-Syndicate)

Foreign partners’ willingness to help the United States is affected not just by America’s hard military and economic power, but also by its soft power of attraction, based on an open culture, liberal democratic values, and policies that are perceived as legitimate. US foreign policy can succeed only if Americans relearn this.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-renounces-key-ingredients-of-american-global-leadership-by-joseph-s-nye-2020-02

Joseph S. Nye, Jr., a professor at Harvard University, is the author of Is the American Century Over? and Do Morals Matter? Presidents and Foreign Policy from FDR to Trump.

In evidenza

Not a Decade to Spare for Climate Action (Project-Syndicate)

Alfred Nobel could not possibly have imagined the scope or scale of today’s global challenges when he introduced his eponymous prize nearly 125 years ago. Yet, by establishing a platform for identifying those who are doing the most for humanity, he may have created a powerful means of confronting them.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/nobel-prize-summit-climate-change-solutions-by-johan-rockstrom-et-al-2020-02

Johan Rockström is Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research – Lars Heikensten is Executive Director of the Nobel Foundation – Marcia McNutt is President of the US National Academy of Sciences

In evidenza

Britain Walks Post-Brexit Tightrope With Huawei Decision (Chatham House)

The UK government seems to have balanced competing interests of the economy, national security and relations with America. But the full US response remains to be seen.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/britain-walks-post-brexit-tightrope-huawei-decision

Dr Leslie Vinjamuri

In evidenza

Salario (Italianieuropei)

Oggi è ancora più urgente di ieri rivolgere l’attenzione alla questione salariale, poiché da qui riparte la riconquista di una centralità del lavoro, sia esso dipendente o meno. Ridurre le diseguaglianze sociali, superare la condizione di un lavoro povero e con meno diritti è il pre­supposto essenziale per riconquistare il consenso perduto a sinistra nell’ultimo ventennio.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4280-salario.html

Di Agostino Megale e Nicola Cicala

In evidenza

Da credenti nella sinistra (Italianieuropei)

Una volta conclusasi la vicenda politica della Democrazia Cristiana, agli inizi degli anni Novanta, comunque aperta rimane la questione della presenza dei cattolici nella vita pubblica del paese. Un tema, questo – le suggestioni di un partito di ispirazione cristiana – che pe­riodicamente viene agitato, espressione oggi di uno spaesamento, più che di una nostalgia e, insieme, come esito di una “politica senza i cattolici”, vale a dire inabilitata a garantire adeguate risposte alle loro aspirazioni. Al di là del fatto che i tentativi di volta in volta esperiti, anche solo pochi anni fa, di aggregare l’area cattolica in un nuovo contenitore politico – basti pensare ai convegni di Todi – non hanno sortito le risultanze sperate. E pur tuttavia la questione dei “cattolici senza politica” torna pure adesso di attualità, anche se ampiamente condivisa è la convinzione che non sia possibile una nuova DC, te­nuto conto di condizioni storiche, politiche, sociali – diremmo si­stemiche – profondamente mutate rispetto a quelle in cui la “balena bianca” ha dispiegato la sua supremazia.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4295-da-credenti-nella-sinistra.html

Di Paolo Corsini

In evidenza

Innamorata della politica, per caso nella CDU. Un profilo di Ursula Von Der Leyen (Italianieuropei)

La scelta di Ursula von der Leyen per la presidenza della Commissione europea – in assoluto la prima donna e, dopo quasi cinquant’anni, una tedesca al seggio strategico della politica continentale (prima di lei c’era stato Walter Hallstein dal 1958 al 1967) – rappresenta di per sé una svolta che contribuisce ad aumentare le aspettative e l’interesse degli osservatori come dei cittadini. Tutto lasciava credere, infatti, che la Ger­mania puntasse alla presidenza della Banca centrale europea, dopo gli anni di Mario Draghi, il cui conflitto con parte del mondo tedesco e, in particolare, con Wolfgang Schäuble non è mai stato nascosto.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4294-innamorata-della-politica-per-caso-nella-cdu-un-profilo-di-ursula-von-der-leyen.html

Di Fernando D’Aniello

In evidenza

Il partito dell’Io (Italianieuropei)

Stasera fa un cazzo di freddo. Figurati stanotte che sarà. Non dovevo buttare il pomeriggio al cinema, mi risparmiavo quegli euri per un paio di birre. Cazzo di idea andare a vedere questa depressione.

«Il film di Ken Loach è bellissimo. Purtroppo quelli a cui è dedicato non potranno vederlo perchè troppo impegnati a consegnare stronzate a quelli che lo vanno a vedere» ha scritto il mio amico Antonio su Facebook. Ho capito di colpo perché sto nella merda. E mica ero destinato, a questo bagno. Ho studiato, che altro volevate. Mi sono quasi preso una laurea inutile, poi mi sono fatto il mazzo per dieci anni a inventarmi un lavoro. Niente, a chi serve un laureato in filosofia? Potevo finire, lo so, e sarei entrato nel girone dei precari, le graduatorie, le supplenze, l’emigrazione… Volevo stare qui al caldo, e allora? Voi no? Ho provato a farle, le cose. Ho lavorato per anni a nero nei locali della movida. Dalle sei di pomeriggio alle tre di mattina, 40 euro se andava bene, un lavoro da bestie. Mi sono fatto pure un paio di stagioni al mare, nei bar-discoteca sulle spiagge, fiumi di droga che ti passano sotto il naso, fighettini che spacciano o pippano, che poi sono sempre loro, ragazzi tirati e firmati pure nel buco del culo che scopano come se non ci fosse un domani, beati loro. Noi gli schiavetti a portare bicchieri nei privè e a fare ehm ehm quando stanno tirando in tanti davanti a chi lavora.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4291-il-partito-dell%E2%80%99io.html.

Di Alessio Viola

In evidenza

Diseguaglianza retributiva in italia: le tendenze di lungo periodo (Italianieuropei)

Le diseguaglianze economiche sono generate da processi complessi, in cui interagiscono molteplici fattori.1 Per valutare la distribuzione del benessere economico in una popolazione bisogna guardare a come si distribuisce il reddito disponibile equivalente, che deriva dalla somma di tutti i redditi di mercato (da lavoro, capitale, rendite) percepiti da ogni membro di un nucleo familiare, al netto di imposte e contributi e includendo i trasferimenti del welfare state, con i redditi resi equiva­lenti mediante le apposite scale per consentire comparazioni fra indivi­dui che vivono in nuclei di diversa dimensione.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4289-diseguaglianza-retributiva-in-italia-le-tendenze-di-lungo-periodo.html

Di Michele Raitano

In evidenza

Partito e sindacato “in convergente disaccordo” (Italianieuropei)

Di recente, Jelle Visser, uno studioso olandese che da decenni ag­giorna il più completo database sulla sindacalizzazione nel mondo, è tornato a riproporre la spiegazione mainstream del declino sindacale nel mondo come dovuta alle difficoltà nell’entrare in rapporto con quella che, con gergo desueto, potremmo chiamare “la nuova com­posizione di classe” (terziario, piccole dimensioni aziendali, giovani, donne, precariato, immigrati). Di qui un’attenzione – forse eccessi­vamente esasperata – ai temi della nuova sindacalizzazione di questi segmenti del mercato del lavoro, magari con l’aiuto del sostegno po­litico e istituzionale o, alternativamente, dei movimenti oppositivi di base a scala locale. Il caso italiano appare poco presente in queste comparazioni a largo raggio, anche se potrebbe offrire spunti di ri­flessione alternativi, non fosse altro perché queste ricette, proposte da almeno tre decenni, a partire dalle esperienze angloamericane di “Revitalizing Unions”, finora non hanno dimostrato grande efficacia.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4286-partito-e-sindacato-%E2%80%9Cin-convergente-disaccordo%E2%80%9D.html

Di Paolo Feltrin

In evidenza

Il lavoro fragile in cerca di rappresentanza politica (Italianieuropei)

I risultati elettorali degli ultimi anni, in molti paesi europei e in par­ticolare in Italia, hanno mostrato che esiste un problema di rappre­sentanza politica del mondo del lavoro. Terminata l’epoca storica in cui i grandi partiti di massa costituivano il principale riferimento politico dei lavoratori, già negli anni Novanta il nostro paese ha visto indebolirsi la relazione tra appartenenza alla classe dei lavoratori e voto alle forze progressiste. In estrema sintesi possiamo individuare due ordini di questioni legate all’allentamento di tale legame.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4285-il-lavoro-fragile-in-cerca-di-rappresentanza-politica.html

Di Gianluca Busilacchi

In evidenza

Come cambiano le preferenze politiche dei lavoratori (Italianieuropei)

Le elezioni politiche del 2018 hanno reso evidente un gigantesco cambiamento negli orientamenti elettorali: al grave insuccesso del PD e di tutte le forze di centrosinistra ha fatto da relativo contrap­peso il buon risultato conquistato da esse nei quartieri centrali di alcune aree urbane, in passato spesso marcatamente spostati a destra. Il caso più clamoroso riguarda il quartiere romano dei Parioli, con­siderato tradizionalmente di destra o addirittura di estrema destra, e negli ultimi anni divenuto invece uno dei principali terreni di caccia della sinistra. Questo è sicuramente un fenomeno interessante. Ma è ancora più importante sottolineare l’evento – non solo italiano – del massiccio spostamento a destra di larga parte dei lavoratori. In particolare di quella che gli anglosassoni chiamano la working class: lavoratori, non solo dell’industria, ma anche dei servizi, impegnati in attività manuali ed esecutive, come gli operai e in generale i blue collars. Se non fa più notizia il voto a destra (o non a favore dei partiti pro labor) degli operai e dei lavoratori, negli ultimi anni si è verificato il diluvio: non è un caso che l’Italia sia, tra i paesi europei importanti, l’unico ad avere visto il successo maggioritario delle formazioni che per comodità definiamo “neopopuliste”, le quali hanno largamente beneficiato di questi nuovi orientamenti.

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4283-come-cambiano-le-preferenze-politiche-dei-lavoratori.html

Di Mimmo Carrieri

In evidenza

“L’orizzonte del lavoro”. Dialogo tra Maurizio Landini e Massimo D’Alema (Italianieuropei)

Massimo D’Alema La ricostruzione sociale nei paesi democratici dopo la seconda guerra mondiale, in Italia come in molte altre realtà, si è fon­data largamente sul contributo dato dal mondo del lavoro e sull’azione delle organizzazioni che lo rappresentavano. Alla base dei sistemi demo­cratici europei vi era un patto sociale che aveva nel lavoro un elemento centrale. Non a caso la Costituzione italiana afferma che la Repubblica è fondata sul lavoro, esplicitando un nesso indissolubile tra lavoro e demo­crazia che veniva riconosciuto e rispettato non solo dalle forze politiche di sinistra, ma da tutti i partiti dell’arco costituzionale. Lo stretto legame tra lavoro e democrazia, peraltro, era incarnato da un movimento sinda­cale che aveva i tratti di una forza generale. Il sindacato rappresentava sì gli interessi dei lavoratori ma era anche un soggetto di primo piano della vita politica del paese.

Oggi la situazione è molto cambiata. La centralità del lavoro è venuta meno, ed è entrato in crisi non soltanto il rapporto tra sinistra e mondo del lavoro, ma, in termini più generali, anche quello tra lavoro e politica. Che cosa è successo? Cosa è accaduto nella lunga fase seguita alla caduta del muro di Berlino, quando con la globalizzazione e la trasformazione del lavoro questo nesso si è spezzato e il mondo del lavoro si è trovato a essere una forza divisa, non più in grado di esercitare una egemonia?

https://www.italianieuropei.it/it/italianieuropei-1-2020/item/4282-%E2%80%9Cl%E2%80%99orizzonte-del-lavoro%E2%80%9D-dialogo-tra-maurizio-landini-e-massimo-d%E2%80%99alema.html

In evidenza

Alla scoperta dell’economia del dono (L’Osservatore Romano)

«Assisi diventi una città ispiratrice per i giovani che hanno risposto all’invito di Papa Francesco. E l’incontro di marzo sia un processo generativo per una nuova economia». È questo l’augurio espresso dall’arcivescovo Domenico Sorrentino, pastore della diocesi di Assisi – Nocera Umbra – Gualdo Tadino, durante la presentazione ai fedeli e alla comunità cittadina umbra delle tappe dell’organizzazione e del programma di «The Economy of Francesco», l’iniziativa voluta dal Pontefice che porterà giovani del mondo intero ad Assisi dal 26 al 28 marzo. All’incontro, tenutosi al teatro Lyrick, è intervenuta anche il sindaco della città, Stefania Proietti.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/alla-scoperta-delleconomia-del-dono

di Jean-Baptiste Sourou

In evidenza

Una sorellina terribile (L’Osservatore Romano)

Un volumetto che colpisce, un saggio snello, compare nella Piccola biblioteca inutile, la collana diretta da Giovanni Nucci per la casa editrice Italo Svevo. Il libro, Un’idea di infanzia. Libri, bambini e altra letteratura (Roma, 2019, pagine 103, euro 13,50) come tutti gli altri della collana, ha le pagine intonse (ritroveremo i tagliacarte dei nonni per sfogliarle? Io in verità le ho tagliate con il coltello da cucina facendo qualche guaio). La riflessione “chiave” è già sul frontespizio: immaginare un adulto prendere un libro dallo scaffale per ragazzi è difficile quanto autorizzare un ragazzo a leggerne uno sottratto nella libreria dei genitori.

http://www.osservatoreromano.va/it/news/una-sorellina-terribile

di Carola Susani