In evidenza

Will the Coronavirus Prompt Central Bankers to Rethink Their Approach to Digital Currencies? (CIGI)

The Bank of Canada’s fight against the next Great Recession began on March 4, when Governor Stephen Poloz and his five deputies cut the benchmark interest rate by half a percentage point.

Kevin Carmichael

In evidenza

The Gap Between Chinese Science and Technology Ambition and Reality (CIGI)

China has actively supported the local semiconductor industry in the past decade, but it has proved that its ambition is far greater than its strength-in addition to expecting to lead the world in AI technology in 2030, as well as its blueprint for semiconductor production in its “Made in China 2025” plan.

George Leopold – EE Times

In evidenza

Economics Is All About Disruption (CSIS)

Since the first caveman sharpened a stone into a tool, economics has involved disruption. New technologies create innovative ways of doing business and displace old ones. The Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter coined a phrase for this: “creative destruction.” The term encompasses both the benign and harmful dimensions of economic disruption: when the forest burns, many trees are destroyed, but new growth is enabled. The key to progress is ensuring that there are more winners than losers from disruptive change and that the latter benefit from the broader gains in prosperity.

In evidenza

International Perspectives on Space Weapons (CSIS)

This paper analyzes international perspectives on space weapons and the weaponization of space, focusing relatively more on countries other than the United States, Russia, and China. It examines how existing international agreements define and limit space weapons and weapons-related activities, proposed international agreements and the reactions of other nations to these proposals, and current developments that relate to space weapons and the weaponization of space.

In evidenza

World Order after Covid-19 (CSIS)

The Covid-19 pandemic is reshaping geopolitics. Escalating tensions between the United States and China are the clearest immediate-term outcome. But what about the long-term impact?

CSIS Risk and Foresight Group Director Sam Brannen asked four of his International Security Program colleagues to take the long view on how Covid-19 could affect geopolitics out to 2025-2030 and beyond.

In evidenza

Partners, Not Proxies: Capacity Building in Hybrid Warfare (CSIS)

  • Security partners operate on the front lines of hybrid warfare environments.
  • The United States and its allies lack a coherent approach for integrating partners into civilian-led, competitive strategies against rivals who leverage hybrid warfare tools.
  • A principled approach to selecting and investing in partners, rather than casting them as proxies, will increase U.S. and allied strategic action and operational effectiveness.

In evidenza

Challenges to Continued U.S. Leadership Ahead of Global HIV’s Next Phase (CSIS)

This is an important year for the global HIV response. The first milestones toward the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Fast Track goals toward controlling the global epidemic come due at the end of 2020.

In evidenza

Leon Cooperman: “Capitalism Will Be Changed Forever” (CSIS)

Billionaire investor Leon “Lee” Cooperman, chairman and CEO of Omega Advisors, joins the podcast to discuss the future of the stock market, investing, capitalism, the U.S. economy, future of work, and decoupling with China.

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.229: The current situation and the issue of inequality correction based on Japan’s Gini coefficient (CIGS)

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare conducts an income redistribution survey every three years to verify the effect of income redistribution through tax and social security systems. In Column No. 15, the Gini coefficient and income redistribution effect based on the 2014 survey was explained. As the government have now announced the results of the 2017 survey, I would like to revisit the issue of disparity in Japan.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.228: The surplus in travel balance is approaching zero (CIGS)

Travel balance is one of the items in the balance of payments. It is calculated by subtracting the amount spent by Japanese tourists abroad from the amount spent by foreigners visiting Japan.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.227: The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare cannot explain why infectious disease beds have decreased sharply (CIGS)

The lack of beds for patients infected with COVID-19 has become a major problem. Looking at the historical trend of the number of beds for infectious diseases, there is a surprising finding.

Research Director

In evidenza

Confronting China’s Efforts to Steal Defense Information (Belfer Center)

China’s cyber espionage activities1 represent a significant threat to the United States military and the safety and security of this nation. Defense contractors, research institutes, and universities are failing to adequately secure their computer networks, allowing China to steal research and development pertaining to some of America’s most important military technology. This wholesale theft represents losses to the United States in the range of hundreds of billions of dollars per year.



In evidenza

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle and the Proliferation ‘Danger Zone’ (Belfer Center)

Horizontal nuclear proliferation presents what is sometimes referred to as the “Nth country problem,” or identifying which state could be next to acquire nuclear weapons. Nuclear fuel cycle technologies can contribute to both nuclear power generation and weapons development.



In evidenza

Virtual Meeting: A Conversation With Martín Guzmán (CFR)

Economy Minister Martín Guzmán discusses the state of Argentina’s economy, how the coronavirus has affected it, and the challenges it confronts as it works to restructure its external debt.


Minister of Economy, Argentine Republic


Chairman Emeritus and Former U.S. Treasury Secretary, Council on Foreign Relations

In evidenza

Corporate Virtual Meeting: Infrastructure and the U.S. Economic Recovery (CFR)

In an attempt to create jobs and stimulate economic growth after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, President Donald J. Trump and Congressional Democrats have discussed a multitrillion-dollar infrastructure plan. Speakers discuss whether an infrastructure plan could generate the necessary employment opportunities and what other measures the U.S. government could take to promote an effective economic recovery.

Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti

Commissioner, New Jersey Department of Transportation

Mike Kerlin

Partner, McKinsey & Company

Ali Velshi

Host, Velshi; Business Correspondent, NBC

In evidenza

Science-Based Reporting and Countering Misinformation (CFR)

Andrew Revkin, director of the initiative on communication and sustainability at Columbia University’s Earth Institute, discusses best practices for science-based reporting and countering misinformation on COVID-19, drawing upon his climate change reporting. Carla Anne Robbins, adjunct senior fellow at CFR and former deputy editorial page editor at the New York Times, hosts the webinar.

Andrew Revkin, Director, Initiative on Communication and Sustainability, Columbia University Earth Institute

Carla Anne Robbins, Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Irina A. Faskianos, Vice President, National Program and Outreach, Council on Foreign Relations

In evidenza

The World Health Organization, With Stewart M. Patrick (CFR)

Stewart M. Patrick, CFR’s James H. Binger senior fellow in global governance and director of the International Institutions and Global Governance program, discusses with James M. Lindsay how the World Health Organization works.

In evidenza

The End of World Order and American Foreign Policy (CFR)

The United States should respond to the COVID-19 reordering moment and stop deterioration in the balance of power with China, bolster relations with India and Europe, and reform the way it deals with allies and partners.

Robert D. Blackwill

Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy

Thomas Wright

Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution

In evidenza

Essential but undervalued: Millions of health care workers aren’t getting the pay or respect they deserve in the COVID-19 pandemic (Brookings)

Essential but undervalued: Millions of health care workers aren’t getting the pay or respect they deserve in the COVID-19 pandemic

Molly Kinder

In evidenza

The epic battle against coronavirus misinformation and conspiracy theories (Nature)

Analysts are tracking false rumours about COVID-19 in hopes of curbing their spread

In evidenza

Jamaica Ramps Up Social and Economic Support in COVID-19 Response (IMF)

The COVID-19 crisis is having a significant impact on Jamaica. The pandemic, which is severely hurting tourism and remittances, reached the Caribbean country just a few months after the successful conclusion of its economic reform program—which was supported by a $1.66 billion Stand-By Arrangement from the IMF.

In evidenza

Address at the UN Conference on Financing SDG Implementation: The Role of Integrated National Financing Frameworks (IMF)

I thank Minister Annamuhammedov and Ms. Elena Panova for their kind invitation to participate in this conference. It is not accidental that this conference is taking place in Ashgabat. Turkmenistan was one of the first countries to have formally accepted all Sustainable Development Goals developed by the United Nations and has been integrating these goals into its national plans for socio-economic development.

Tao Zhang, Deputy Managing Director, IMF

In evidenza

Pacific Islands Threatened by COVID-19 (IMF)

Already among the most remote countries on earth, Pacific island states saw their vital economic links weakened in recent months with the evaporation of tourism, severe disruptions to international trade, and a reduction in remittances. For these countries, the COVID-19 pandemic may cut deeper than even some of the worst cyclones from years past.

In evidenza

The European Union as the centre of gravity of the economic and political strategies to end the crisis (CIDOB)

The European Union remains the centre of gravity of the economic and political strategies to end the current economic crisis. The consequences of the pandemic on the German economy and on mobility within the Union, along with difficulties of poor countries around the continent are the three real risks that could plunge the European Union into an existential crisis.

Autor:Emmanuel Comte, Senior Research Fellow, CIDOB

In evidenza

Alianzas público privadas en Cuba, retos y posibilidades (CIDOB)

Las alianzas público-privadas (APP) pueden ser definidas de manera general como acuerdos entre los actores públicos y privados para el suministro de bienes, servicios y/o infraestructuras o también como una “herramienta de ensamble” capaz de aunar los intereses de distintos sectores en un único objetivo tendiente a una acción colectiva que ponga en marcha toda la capacidad del país a fin de consumar la transformación económica.

Autor:Juan Triana Cordoví

In evidenza

Inserción externa y crecimiento de la economía cubana (CIDOB)

En las condiciones en que rige un modelo de acumulación global, la inserción externa y el crecimiento son dos aspectos inter-vinculados del desarrollo, el presente trabajo tiene por objetivo describir y revelar cuantitativamente las relaciones para el caso de la economía cubana, y avanzar algunas recomendaciones para los diseños de estrategias y políticas económicas para este caso en el cual coinciden un conjunto de factores de naturaleza estructural y coyuntural que dificultan la inserción externa y el crecimiento económico. Se ha estructurado el artículo en dos epígrafes: uno primero dedicado a recapitular las condicionantes que plantea la globalización para la inserción externa de cualquier país o territorio; y el segundo centrado en las características del comercio exterior, las dinámicas de las exportaciones y las importaciones en su relación con el crecimiento para el caso específico de la economía cubana y en la modelación econométrica derivada. Para finalizar el ensayo se puntualizan un conjunto de recomendaciones que se proponen a debate. El tema resulta pertinente desde la teoría y la práctica para cualquier país en el actual contexto global, pero para el caso de Cuba es decisivo por las dificultades adicionales con que enfrenta la inserción internacional bajo los efectos del bloqueo norteamericano, especialmente recrudecido en los últimos años y que impide y/ o dificulta cualquier operación internacional destinada a satisfacer sus necesidades de cualquier naturaleza.

Desde el punto de vista interno se destaca la necesidad de instrumentar políticas activas, expeditas y descentralizadas que permitan sortear exitosamente el complejo escenario que se describe.

Autor:Lázaro Peña Castellanos y Carola Salas Couce

In evidenza

Economy should take centre stage in EU’s (security) links with North Africa (CIDOB)

One of the unavoidable consequences of the current pandemic will be the repatriation of part of the value chains of international European and North American companies home or closer to home. How important this turns out to be and what sectors it will impact most is yet not clear, but public opinion will no longer allow certain key necessities to be sourced essentially in China. As European leaders consider which products need to be manufactured closer to home, they could do worse than spare a thought for Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.

Autor:Francis Ghilès, Associate Senior Researcher, CIDOB

In evidenza

Coronavirus Impact: Racism Hits Harder Than Virus (IES)

As Coronavirus (and the disease caused by it, COVID-19) spreads throughout the globe, reported cases of racial slurs and violent attacks have risen dramatically. Some victims have been harassed verbally or physically on the streets or in public transports; others were prohibited from going to schools or workplaces. Many victims, wearing face masks or not, shared their experiences of being stigmatized and discriminated against because the perpetrators associated this disease with race, or a certain group of people who are perceived as carriers of the virus. Since this disease started in Wuhan China, Chinese people bear the brunt of prejudice and racism, as well as other East Asians.

Yijia Huang


In evidenza

The COVID-19 pandemic and the right of asylum in the EU (IES)

The COVID-19 pandemic is a game-changer for asylum seekers seeking to come to, or who are already in the European Union (EU) – certainly so in the short-term but most likely in the medium- to long term as well. It is becoming increasingly difficult for  asylum seekers to get access to rights and opportunities. However, this is not a claim holding equal value for all EU member states. Portugal, for instance, has provided asylum seekers (and other migrants) with temporary access to full citizenship rights. This temporary status allows them to use the country’s healthcare facilities similarly to Portuguese citizens.

Florian Trauner

In evidenza

Hammer or nudge ? New brief on international policy options for COVID-19 (IES)

Like so many other researchers sitting at home, watching the news about COVID-19, I have been impressed at how virologists, epidemiologists and other medical experts have caught the ears of national policymakers, business leaders and the general public. Suddenly, scientific facts and evidence bask in the trust of public opinion and fake news is once again ‘fake’ in the real sense of the word: unreliable, not to be trusted by anyone. Something climate experts have been dreaming of for decades, not to mention my own, down-to-earth economic pleas to public authorities to invest more in public research.

Luc Soete

In evidenza

Tilting at 5G towers: the undermining of justice and rule of law in the timing of COVID-19 (IES)

“Do you see over yonder, friend Sancho, thirty or forty hulking giants? I intend to do battle with them and slay them. With their spoils we shall begin to be rich for this is a righteous war and the removal of so foul a brood from off the face of the earth is a service God will bless”. The passage is from Miguel de Cervantes’ timeless masterpiece, Don Quixote de la Mancha. In this part of the novel, Don Quixote takes windmills to be towering giants and attacks them, after doing so he realizes that they were nothing more than windmills, but is unrelentingly stubborn, insisting they were turned back into windmills by his magician archnemesis Friston. Some 400 years later, some people have started tilting at giants again but this time the giants are in the form of 5G radio towers.

Raul Rios

In evidenza

The Butterfly effect: why does Eastern Europe matter to Japan ? (EUISS)

Long gone are the days when Eastern Europe was Russia’s exclusive backyard. The last decade has witnessed the rapid expansion of political and economic ties between powers from the Middle East and Asia and East European states.

In evidenza

Who’s first wins ? International crisis response to COVID-19 (EUISS)

The Covid-19 pandemic appears to be not just a test for healthcare systems around the world, but an international contest for which country has the best political system.

Florence GaubLotje Boswinkel

In evidenza

Towards urban decoupling ? China’s smart city ambitions at the time of COVID-19 (EUISS)

The term ‘smart city’ relates to the use of technology to improve urban infrastructure and services, from energy grids to systems for transport/mobility and parking, and includes water treatment, waste management and security aspects, among others. China has made the smart city part of its national development strategy: the concept was endorsed by President Xi Jinping at a national urbanisation convention in 2015, and later explicitly mentioned in the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020), adopted in March 2016.

In evidenza

Arctic stress test (EUISS)

The Arctic is again becoming a region of strategic focus. For three decades after the Cold War, when the region was at the centre of great power competition, successful cooperation transformed the Arctic into a ‘low tension’ zone and consolidated the perception of ‘Arctic exceptionalism’, the sense that the region is uniquely cooperative and immune from broader geopolitical tensions. For the eight Arctic states that comprise the Arctic Council – Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the US – there has been hope that regional dynamics can be insulated from global geopolitical shifts.

In evidenza

Delivering results, changing lives: How development starts with people (World Bank)

People are what inspire my colleagues to do what they do. That may seem obvious, but I’m not sure it is. Many – including members of my own family – think that the World Bank Group is a complex, technical institution focused on balance sheets and exchange rates. And in part it is. But ask us about our mission, about our common goal, and you’ll hear about people.


In evidenza

Towards a data-driven Nepal that delivers to all (World Bank)

  • Data plays a critical role for successful implementation of federalism and acceleration of development progress in Nepal by improving fiscal relations and evidence-based decisions among the three tiers of governments.
  • In mid-2019, the World Bank in partnership with the Department for International Development Nepal, launched the Nepal Data Literacy Program. The program aims to sustainably transfer data literacy skills to professionals in Nepal who can proactively engage in evidence-based policy making, increase data literacy of Nepalis and support federalism in the country.
  • To power the data movement, the World Bank in collaboration with local partners has developed an open source Data Literacy Portal with resources and toolkits which can be customized and used in diverse contexts within and outside of Nepal to help users develop their data skills.

In evidenza

In Niger, a ‘crazy idea’ to restore degraded land pays off (World Bank)

February 21, 2020 was a day of celebration in Koné Béri, Niger. People gathered in the village for a ceremony 14 years in the making. Some had doubted that a “crazy idea to sell the air,” as local communities referred to the sale of carbon credits generated from their agro-forestry plantations, would ever come to fruition.  But on this day, leaders representing 26 rural communities accepted the first carbon credit payment ever made to Niger for reducing emissions.


In evidenza

Vietnam’s Development Strategy for Next Decade Must Put Productivity Growth Front and Center: Report (World Bank)

A productivity-driven development model–combining innovation with balanced development and allocation of private, public, human and natural capital–will be key for Vietnam to achieve its goal of becoming a high-income economy by 2045, a new World Bank report suggests.

In evidenza

World Bank’s Mission Billion Challenge Calls for Innovation to Strengthen Inclusion and Empower the World’s Invisible Billion (World Bank)

Lack of foundational identification prevents almost one billion people worldwide from accessing social protection, particularly in a time of crisis.

In evidenza

Investing in Nature Pays off for People and Biodiversity (World Bank)

If you take care of the land, it will take care of you, says Tsefaye Kidane, a 40-year-old coffee farmer from the Kafa Biosphere Reserve, a protected area in southwest Ethiopia that is also regarded as the birthplace of wild Arabica coffee.

In evidenza

Access and Funding for Displaced Syrians Remains a Top Humanitarian Concern Amid COVID-19 Crisis (IOM)

The people of Syria entered their tenth year of conflict in March, only to be confronted with another looming threat: the COVID-19 pandemic. The disease compounds an already devastating crisis that has left 11 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.

In evidenza

Opinion Polling During the Coronavirus Crisis (BESA Center)

Opinion polls from all over the world show that most of the public is satisfied with how its leaders have handled the medical aspects of the coronavirus crisis, including the use of location and tracking methods at the price of infringing on privacy. This contrasts to widespread dissatisfaction over the handling of the economic aspects of the crisis and greater concern over its economic than its health implications.


In evidenza

Michel Foucault and Iran’s Ayatollahs (BESA Center)

The Islamic Revolution in Iran, which brought Islamists to power for the first time in modern history, pitted the global left—perhaps best personified by Michel Foucault—against the global right. To this day, the global left’s advocacy for Islamism continues to guide the West’s general approach toward the Middle East.


In evidenza

ILO: More than one in six young people out of work due to COVID-19

The ILO’s latest analysis of the labour market impact of COVID-19 exposes the devastating and disproportionate effect on young workers, and analyses measures being taken to create a safe return to work environment–en/index.htm

In evidenza

EU-Japan cooperation on defence capabilities: possibilities? (Elcano Royal Institute)

Europe and Japan have an interest in developing defence capabilities and research but there are challenges and cooperation is conditioned by a shifting geopolitical landscape.

In evidenza

Life beyond multilateralism? COVID-19, European strategic autonomy and Spanish foreign policy (Elcano Royal Institute)

EU and Spanish foreign policy were undergoing a transition from multilateralism to strategic autonomy to adapt to an increasingly competitive geopolitical environment. However, COVID-19 raises questions about whether international politics will be characterised by a renewal of multilateralism or an aggravation of great power competition.

In evidenza

News from CSET

Worth Knowing

TSMC Announces Plan to Build US Foundry: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, the world’s largest contract chipmaker, plans to open an advanced foundry in Arizona. TSMC will invest $12 billion in the foundry, which should begin producing 5 nanometer chips in 2024. However, experts have noted that TSMC’s leading-edge processes will remain in Taiwan: the company expects to produce a more advanced 3 nm chip in Taiwan in 2022, and the U.S. facility’s anticipated production capacity will be less than a fourth of some of TSMC’s largest foundries. The Trump administration had pushed for TSMC to develop a U.S. foundry; the federal government and State of Arizona have committed to supporting the facility.

China to Invest $1.4T in Domestic Technology: China plans to invest $1.4 trillion in its domestic tech sector over six years to reduce dependence on foreign technology companies, Bloomberg reports. The proposal, first outlined in a state think tank white paper in March, is part of a broader fiscal package China’s legislature is expected to approve this week. The plan includes investments in AI — including surveillance, automated factories and autonomous driving — as well as 5G, internet of things and high-speed rail. Chinese state-backed funds also recently announced a combined $2 billion investment into domestic chipmaker Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp., following U.S. export controls announced on May 15 that jeopardize China’s imports of chips.

Microsoft and Nvidia Announce Advances in AI Supercomputers: Microsoft has partnered with OpenAI to create one of the world’s top five supercomputers, the company announced. Built exclusively for OpenAI, the supercomputer is designed to train OpenAI’s large AI models. Nvidia also debuted hardware products including a DGX A100 computer and the DGX Superpod, a cluster of DGX A100 computers that collectively function as a top AI supercomputer. The Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory has already ordered DGX A100 systems and plans to use them to better understand and fight COVID-19.

Machine Learning Spotlight — Adversarial Attacks in NLP: Even the most advanced natural language processing models are vulnerable to adversarial attacks, according to recent research. Adversarial attacks are often inconspicuous tweaks in input data designed to trigger the wrong result from a machine learning model. Researchers developed TextFooler, a system that generates subtle alterations in wording — for example, changing “contrived” to “engineered” — that don’t alter a sentence’s meaning, but confuse machine learning models. TextFooler’s attacks reduced the top NLP models’ accuracy levels from above 90 percent to below 15. The researchers hope TextFooler will facilitate the development of more robust NLP models.

Government Updates

Commerce Department Limits Huawei’s Ability to Import Semiconductors: The Department of Commerce amended export controls to restrict Huawei’s ability to use U.S. technology to design and manufacture semiconductors abroad. While direct U.S. technology exports to Huawei were already limited, the company could still outsource manufacturing of its designs to foreign foundries that use U.S. semiconductor manufacturing equipment. The latest restrictions aim to close that loophole, though the exact implications remain unclear. Huawei said the decision threatens the company’s survival, and top chipmaker TSMC reportedly halted new orders from Huawei after the rule changed.

JAIC Awards $800M AI Contract to Booz Allen: The DOD’s Joint AI Center and the General Services Administration awarded Booz Allen Hamilton a five-year, $800 million contract for AI support to the DOD. The contract is the largest awarded by the JAIC to date. The task order requires Booz Allen to deliver “AI enabled products to support warfighting operations” and embed AI decision-making and analysis across all tiers of DOD operations. The contract was made possible through the JAIC’s partnership with the GSA, though outgoing JAIC Director Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan has advocated for the JAIC to have its own acquisition authorities.

Bill Investing $100B in Emerging Tech Introduced: Last week, Senate Minority Leader Schumer, Sen. Young, Rep. Khanna and Rep. Gallagher introduced bipartisan legislation to increase U.S. investment in emerging technology research and development. The Endless Frontier Act would allocate $100 billion over five years for research grants, education fellowships and support for bringing new technologies to market, and establish a Directorate for Technology within the National Science Foundation. It emphasizes investment in key technologies including AI, computing hardware, cybersecurity and robotics. After Sen. Schumer announced the idea last fall, the four co-sponsors previewed the bill in a recent op-ed.

Deepfake Identification Bill Passes Committee: The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation approved legislation to support the development of technologies to improve deepfake detection. Sens. Cortez Masto and Moran introduced the bipartisan Identifying Outputs of Generative Adversarial Networks Act in November 2019. The bill requires the National Science Foundation to fund research into tools to identify manipulated media and directs the National Institute of Standards and Technology to develop standards to accelerate detection tool development. IOGAN awaits consideration by the full Senate; the House has approved a companion bill.

In Translation
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI

AI Security Standardization White Paper: Artificial Intelligence Security Standardization White Paper. This white paper by a PRC information security standardization group describes the current state of AI security and safety standards in China. Appendices list all of China’s AI security standards as of October 2019, and provide examples of AI security innovations pioneered by Chinese tech companies and IBM.

What We’re Reading

Analysis: Managing Semiconductor Exports to China, James Andrew Lewis, CSIS (May 2020)

Book: The Kill Chain: Defending America in the Future of High-Tech Warfare, Christian Brose (April 2020)

Paper: How Do Restrictions on High-Skilled Immigration Affect Offshoring? Evidence From the H-1B Program, Britta Glennon, SSRN (February 2020)

What’s New at CSET





In evidenza

How COVID-19 restrictions and the economic consequences are likely to impact migrant smuggling and cross-border trafficking in persons to Europe and North America (UNODC)

In evidenza

How the Pandemic Is Helping The Military Prep For World War III (Defense One)

A local coronavirus response functioned as a crucial test of a new data network concept intended to deter Russia and China.


In evidenza

If Given OK, US Could Conduct a Nuclear Test in a Matter of Months, Pentagon Official Says (Defense One)

This comes as senior national security officials are reportedly discussing whether to conduct a test.


In evidenza

Pentagon Sets New Rules for ‘Return to Normal Operations’ Worldwide (Defense One)

We’ve got a ways to go,’ says official in charge of re-opening, but local commanders given authority to decide.


In evidenza

Anti-Asian racism is on the rise. This is what it feels like (WEF)

  • COVID-19 has led to an increase in racism and xenophobia directed at those of Asian descent.
  • Here, a professor of Vietnamese heritage working in Bogotá recounts being on the receiving end of two such incidents.

, Founder and Director, SummitEd Consulting

In evidenza

What risks does COVID-19 pose to society in the long-term? (WEF)

  • The potential long-term consequences the pandemic could have for us are starting to reveal themselves.
  • Left unchecked, there is a real risk that inequalities and social deprivation will increase.
  • We have a chance, however, to build a better world – and we must take it.

, Head of Sustainability Risk, Zurich Insurance Group

In evidenza

The impacts of COVID-19 around the world, as told by statistics (WEF)

  • A new report offers statistical insights into the changes COVID-19 has wrought on the world.
  • The pandemic poses its own problems for statisticians, however.
  • A global effort is needed to support statisticians – especially those in low-income countries, who may be struggling.

In evidenza

Coronavirus Under Brexit – British Strategy of Response to the Crisis (Valdai Discussion Club)

Just as Boris Johnson’s election victory had seemed to bring welcome clarity, Coronavirus swept into muddy the waters again. But it also illustrated the risks for the UK of being a medium-sized country alone, writes Valdai Club expert Mary Dejevsky. The EU’s collective response to the virus may have left much to be desired, though there has been more medical and economic cooperation than it often appeared. But the response of the US hardly offered any attractive alternative model.

Mary Dejevsky

In evidenza

Africa’s Lions and the Global Crisis (Valdai Discussion Club)

The grave consequences of the pandemic for Africa provide more opportunities to expand Russia’s presence and spheres of influence on the continent by allowing it to go beyond the production and exports of minerals and raw materials to the soft security sphere and greater opportunities for Russia’s soft power, writes Natalia Piskunova, Associate Professor at Lomonosov Moscow State University, World Politics Department.

Natalia Piskunova

In evidenza

Coronavirus and the Middle East (BESA Center)

The coronavirus crisis has exposed Arab and Islamic notions of fraternity, mutual commitment, and solidarity as hollow rhetorical slogans. Each country in the region is focused entirely on its own efforts to survive economically, socially, and politically as the pandemic continues to wreak havoc.

By  and 

In evidenza

Mobile Nuclear Microreactor Development: A Military-Civilian Symbiosis (BESA Center)

The US Department of Defense has been working with American companies for the past year on a project to develop a prototype for a portable nuclear microreactor, a device intended for use by the US military in security scenarios around the world. The US Department of Energy is also involved in the project, with the aim of providing electricity to remote sites that are difficult to link to the grid. The project thus represents a symbiosis between military and civilian technological development.


In evidenza

One Giant Leap for Europe? (Project-Syndicate)

The Franco-German proposal for a COVID-19 recovery fund is not quite the “Hamiltonian moment” that some have claimed. But, by reshaping the debate on risk mutualization and the benefits of transfers, it could set the stage for one.

Lucrezia Reichlin, a former director of research at the European Central Bank, is Professor of Economics at the London Business School

In evidenza

Building South Korea’s Post-Pandemic Economy (Project-Syndicate)

South Korea has rightly received international acclaim for its COVID-19 response. It should now apply the same ambition and acumen to lay the groundwork for a more productive, sustainable, and inclusive economy.

Lee Jong-Wha, Professor of Economics and Director of the Asiatic Research Institute at Korea University, was a senior adviser for international economic affairs to former President Lee Myung-bak of South Korea. His most recent book, co-authored with Harvard’s Robert J. Barro, is Education Matters: Global Schooling Gains from the 19th to the 21st Century

In evidenza

How Courts Will Shape the Post-Pandemic World (Project-Syndicate)

People around the world are going to court to challenge long-standing injustices made visible by the COVID-19 pandemic. How judges respond will indicate whether the current reconsideration of neoliberal economics is likely to be a temporary blip or part of a more enduring transformation of law and policymaking.


In evidenza

European Jewish Communities and the Coronavirus Crisis (BESA Center)

The coronavirus crisis has shaken many European Jewish communities to the core. As the EU member states try to return to normal in the aftermath of the most severe threat to the lives of their citizens since WWII, the continent’s Jewish communities struggle to come to terms with the devastating events of the past months.


In evidenza

Gantz’s Challenges and Agenda as Israel’s New Defense Minister (BESA Center)

Former IDF chief of staff Benny Gantz officially took up his position as defense minister a week ago. His first challenges will be to wage a bitter struggle for a defense budget and promote a cautious approach to Donald Trump’s peace plan.


In evidenza

3 steps to boost your digital safety while working from home (WEF)

  • As people work from home to stop the spread of coronavirus, they become more vulnerable to digital attacks and scams.
  • Hackers may try to exploit your stress response to the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The most powerful defence is your own behaviour and critical thinking. Slowing down and activating your rational mind can help ward off threats.

In evidenza

Africa ‘least affected’ by COVID-19; hydroxycholoroquine trial suspended – WHO briefing (WEF)

  • World Health Organization held a media briefing on Africa Day, 25 May, to update the public on the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
  • Clinical trial of hydroxycholoroquine suspended after Lancet study finds drug causes ‘higher mortality rate’ among COVID-19 patients.
  • Lower number of cases in sub-Saharian Africa attributed to Ebola experience and speedy response by African Union.

In evidenza

How the Hong Kong Calamity Will Play Out (Project-Syndicate)

By announcing a new security law for Hong Kong, China has effectively already brought an end to the era of “one country, two systems.” And that means the worst is yet to come, as Chinese leaders’ efforts to enforce full political control over the city meet fierce local resistance.

Minxin Pei is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College and a non-resident senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States

In evidenza

Nigeria’s Mental Health Desert (Project-Syndicate)

Nigeria is failing those of its people who struggle with mental-health issues – no small share of the population. But with improved legislation, education, and support systems, the country can turn the tide on mental health, laying the groundwork for a healthier, happier, and more productive future.

Ifeanyi M. Nsofor, a medical doctor and Senior Atlantic Fellow for Health Equity at George Washington University, is CEO of EpiAFRIC and Director of Policy and Advocacy at Nigeria Health Watch – Bell Ihua, a social researcher and survey expert, is Executive Director of the Africa Polling Institute (API)

In evidenza

Perpetual Bonds Could Save the European Union (Project-Syndicate)

By issuing perpetual bonds – or “Consols,” as they have been called historically – the EU can address both the pandemic and climate change. Such bonds represent a credible alternative to raising the EU budget and would provide relief funds that could be targeted at member states hardest hit by the public-health crisis.

George Soros

In evidenza

America’s Delisting Threat Could Pay Off (Project-Syndicate)

With legislation that would force all Chinese firms listed on US stock exchanges to submit to the same regulatory oversight as American firms, US policymakers are calling China’s bluff. Far from confirming fears of a widespread delisting of Chinese firms, the law will likely improve the investment environment.

Shang-Jin Wei, a former chief economist at the Asian Development Bank, is Professor of Finance and Economics at Columbia Business School and Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs

In evidenza

FLI Podcast: On the Future of Computation, Synthetic Biology, and Life with George Church (FLI)

FLI Podcast: On the Future of Computation, Synthetic Biology, and Life with George Church

Progress in synthetic biology and genetic engineering promise to bring advancements in human health sciences by curing disease, augmenting human capabilities, and even reversing aging. At the same time, such technology could be used to unleash novel diseases and biological agents which could pose global catastrophic and existential risks to life on Earth. George Church, a titan of synthetic biology, joins us on this episode of the FLI Podcast to discuss the benefits and risks of our growing knowledge of synthetic biology, its role in the future of life, and what we can do to make sure it remains beneficial. Will our wisdom keep pace with our expanding capabilities?

In evidenza

Climate Change and Threats to Security (Chatham House)

This webinar highlights geographical regions in which climate change is posing a security threat and will explore what is being done to alleviate these risks.

Kate Guy, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Climate and Security (CCS)
Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Policy Expert and Coordinator, Peace and Security Division, Igarapé Institute
Neil Morisetti, Associate Fellow, Energy, Environment and Resources Programme, Chatham House; UK Foreign Secretary‘s Special Representative for Climate Change (2013)
Chair: Tim Benton, Research Director, Emerging Risks, and Director, Energy, Environment and Resources Programme, Chatham House

In evidenza

One Year of Zelenskyy’s Presidency: Is Ukraine’s Foreign Policy in Lockdown? (Chatham House)

Speakers discuss the major events that shaped Ukraine’s foreign policy in the first year of Zelenskyy’s presidency.

Vasyl Bodnar, Deputy Foreign Minister, Ukraine
Kostiantyn Yelisieiev, Deputy Head of Presidential Administration, Ukraine (2015-2019)
Alyona Getmanchuk, Director, New Europe Center
Chair: Kataryna Wolczuk, Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme


In evidenza

The Future of African Development: Levers of Support Through the Coronavirus Pandemic (Chatham House)

Abebe Aemro Selassie discusses the levers available to support African countries as they navigate the crisis, expectations of African governments and development partners, and prospects ahead.

Abebe Aemro Selassie, Director, African Department, International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Chair: Elizabeth Donnelly, Deputy Director, Africa Programme, Chatham House

In evidenza

Coronavirus Crisis: Exploring the Human Impact on Nature (Chatham House)

Tim Benton and Richard Kock speak to Gitika Bhardwaj about how human activities are making outbreaks, like the coronavirus, more likely.

Professor Tim Benton, Dr Richard Anthony Kock, Gitika Bhardwaj

In evidenza

Tanzania Evades COVID-19 Lockdown, but Restrictions Persist (Chatham House)

The government revels in its status as an outlier among East African responses to coronavirus, but its actions to restrict freedom of expression, opposition, and access to information continue to proliferate.

Fergus Kell

In evidenza

The Minsk Conundrum: Western Policy and Russia’s War in Eastern Ukraine (Chatham House)

The Minsk agreements rest on two irreconcilable interpretations of Ukraine’s sovereignty: is Ukraine sovereign, as Ukrainians insist, or should its sovereignty be limited, as Russia demands? Instead of trying to resolve an unresolvable contradiction, Western policymakers should acknowledge the starkness of the Minsk conundrum.

Duncan Allan

In evidenza

CIGI Virtual Event: “Global Crises and the Role of Think Tanks”

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought the global economy and much of regular daily life to a standstill, causing governments to wrestle with how best to respond to the public health crisis. In a virtual edition of CIGI’s Community Event series, this presentation will discuss how think tanks — such as the Centre for International Governance Innovation — offer guidance on proactive policy responses to the global crisis including the current epidemic. It will be led by Aaron Shull, Managing Director and General Counsel at CIGI who will provide an overview of the pressing policy concerns and the role of think tanks and will conclude with a moderated Q&A led by CIGI’s Communications Advisor, Kristy Smith.


In evidenza

Joseph Stiglitz. On a Post-COVID-19 Economy (CIGI)

The impact of COVID-19 on the global economy was swift and substantial. Unemployment numbers are reaching depression-era levels and nations are clamouring to unveil stability packages intended to lessen the economic impact. Will these measures work to restore the economic status quo, or is this an opportunity to rethink our economic structures?

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.223: No last resort for dialysis patients that are vulnerable to COVID-19 (CIGS)

As shown in Figure 1, the number of artificial dialysis patients in Japan increased from 103,296 in 1990 to 339,841 in 2018.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.222: COVID-19’s impact on the tourism industry (CIGS)

As shown in Column No. 76, the number of foreign visitors in Japan increased from 6.2 million in 2011 to 28.7 million in 2017 as a result of the government’s measures to attract foreign tourists.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.221: The COVID-19 PCR test system is not well established (CIGS)

Criticism of public health centers is on the rise as people are still unable to get quick access to PCR tests for COVID-19.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.220: The collapse of long-term care services following the medical collapse due to COVID-19 (CIGS)

Japan started the public long-term care insurance system in 2000.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.219: The number of births will sharply decrease due to the medical collapse caused by COVID-19 (CIGS)

Avigan, a drug developed by FUJIFILM Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd., has become one of the leading candidates for the treatment of patients with COVID-19, and clinical trials are currently underway.

Research Director

In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.218: The large disparity between prefectures in terms of financial resources for COVID-19 (CIGS)

To prevent COVID-19 infection, it is necessary to suspend businesses for a certain amount of time, including restaurants, karaoke bars, live houses, and movie theaters where many people gather.

Research Director

In evidenza

The US-Israeli Campaign Against the ICC (BESA Center)

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently issued a stern warning to the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague to stop the chief prosecutor from proceeding with an intended investigation into war crimes allegedly committed by Israel. Pompeo’s warning concerned Israel, but as the US is itself in danger of an ICC investigation into supposed war crimes in Afghanistan, it was meant to send a broader message. Any ICC investigation of Israel and the US would be dangerous, and the allies must use all diplomatic and legal tools at their disposal to fight and delegitimize the prosecutor and the Court.


In evidenza

Israel’s Frustrating Experience in South Lebanon (BESA Center)

Twenty years after Israel’s withdrawal from south Lebanon, it is worth considering basic questions about its experience over years of warfare in a campaign that did not aim for victory. Those questions include what was going on, what Israel was fighting for, and what ultimately impelled it to withdraw. Such considerations have immediate significance in terms of clarifying the tenets of Israel’s security concept.


In evidenza

The Abandonment of the South Lebanon Army: A Moral and a Strategic Failure (BESA Center)

With the May 2000 abandonment of the South Lebanon Army, Israel signaled to its regional allies that it is not a reliable mainstay. This influenced the lukewarm response of the Golan Heights Druze to the Israeli offer of citizenship, as well as Israeli decision-making during the Syrian civil war regarding cooperation with Syrian militias in the villages near the Golan border.


In evidenza

US Aid to Israel Is a High-Yield Investment (BESA Center)

America and Israel face numerous shared challenges, including terrorism, weapons and nuclear proliferation, cyber warfare, and the spread of radical Islamist ideology. America can consistently depend on the beacon of stability represented by democratic Israel in the turbulent Middle East, where the two countries share the same national and homeland security concerns: the megalomaniacal vision of Iran’s ayatollahs, the threat of Sunni and Shiite Islamic terrorism, and the critical security requirements of vulnerable pro-US Arab regimes. Israel also invests heavily in the American economy and is one of the top 20 suppliers of direct investment in the US.


In evidenza

【Aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan】No.217: Emergency Economic Measures in Response to COVID-19 are decorated (CIGS)

In this column series, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Research Director at CIGS introduces the latest information about aging, safety net and fiscal crisis in Japan with data of international comparison.

Research Director

In evidenza

Don’t dispose of surplus agricultural products in school lunches! What is reflected by “Use luxury wagyu (Japanese beef) in school lunches” ーThe “All-ruling-party” Diet makes no attempt to consider agricultural policies from national interests (CIGS)

In the previous article, “The reason why the stupid plan of ‘wagyu gift certificates’ was proposed,” the strengthened authority of the Prime Minister’s office (Kantei) and the reduced power of the Ministry of Finance behind that were mentioned as reasons for the recent deterioration of Japan’s agricultural policy.

Research Director

In evidenza

CIGS and Stimson Joint Webinar The Road Ahead: The Post-COVID-19 International Order (CIGS)

On April 23, 2020, the Stimson Center and the Canon Institute for Global Studies (CIGS) jointly hosted a discussion on the Post-COVID-19 International Order. Moderated by East Asia Program Co-Director Yuki Tatsumi, the panel featured Distinguished Fellow and President Emeritus, Stimson Ellen Laipson, Kuni and Miyake from CIGS.


In evidenza

Putting indigenous foods and food systems at the heart of sustainable food and nutrition security in Uganda (IIED)

The plight of indigenous peoples has drawn increased attention in recent years as they strive to retain their cultures and protect their ecosystems, lands and food traditions in the face of globalisation.

Indigenous food systems are typically biodiversity-rich, climate resilient and environmentally sustainable, and produce nutritious indigenous foods. Yet indigenous peoples are disproportionately affected by hunger and malnutrition, and the shift towards westernised diets high in energy-dense nutrient-poor food has led to rising obesity, diabetes and other non-communicable diseases.

Promoting indigenous plant and animal foods is a means to enhance nutrition and resilience to climate change. This report, from the Sustainable Diets for All advocacy programme, documents the status and importance of indigenous foods and food systems in Uganda in order to inform policies, programmes and action at the local and national level.

Angela KimaniAnne-​Marie MayerKrystyna Swiderska

In evidenza

Against the odds: growing producer power in agricultural value chains (IIED)

Commercial agriculture can take different forms and there is great variety in how small-scale farmers engage with it. But despite this diversity, farmers often have little control over trading arrangements and commodity prices. They may be trapped in lopsided agreements that can squeeze incomes and make them liable for risks, such as unpredictable weather. These arrangements destabilise livelihoods but are often difficult to change, because value chain terms may be dictated by powerful forces at local to global levels. Policies and programmes designed to support rural producer agency — their ability to make informed choices, take effective action and influence the world around them — must understand and address these structural factors. Drawing on insights from producer associations, development agencies, government bodies, advocates and businesses, we explore how farmers and their communities are being supported to navigate structural factors.

Lorenzo CotulaEmily Polack

In evidenza

Calling for business unusual: mechanisms for delivering change (IIED)

The climate finance system is failing to respond to the triple crises of poverty, nature and climate. Going further and faster on climate action requires a whole-of-society response and more and better finance that reaches local levels. So, what needs to change? This briefing outlines a reimagined climate finance system led by agile, flexible, pro-poor and locally led adaptation financing institutions from across society that will facilitate more sustainable adaptation actions, and put decisions and resources into the hands of the people and places that need them most. Governments, civil society and the private sector must work together to identify and strengthen mechanisms to deliver a comprehensive adaptation response that will address poverty, restore degraded landscapes and adapt to climate change impacts. Donors and aid agencies must work together to coordinate their support.

Marek Soanes

In evidenza

Shallow water shrimp fishery in Mozambique: who benefits from fiscal reform? (IIED)

In Mozambique, fisheries are important to the national economy and individual livelihoods. Shallow water shrimp fisheries (SWSF) provide an important source of income for many coastal communities. Yet the sustainability of SWSFs is under threat, due to overfishing, the rapid and uncontrolled expansion of the artisanal fishing subsector, and the use of destructive fishing techniques, coupled with habitat destruction (in particular mangroves) and pollution. This also negatively impacts on the livelihoods of fishing communities and government revenues. Urgent measures are required to halt the depletion. This study analyses current fiscal policies for sustainable and fair fisheries in Mozambique, focusing on small-scale fisheries, particularly shallow water shrimp fisheries. In the SWSF, artisanal fishers are important not only economically but also socially. The working paper includes a series of policy recommendations linked to fiscal reforms to further support these efforts while furthering environmental goals. The recommendations are grouped into two main areas: equitable fiscal reforms, and expenditures and revenues for sustainable resource management.

Elisio NhantumboBaiba Gaile

In evidenza

Aprendizajes desde la gente: las voces de les vendedoras en los comedores de los mercados populares en La Paz (IIED)

Las dietas de los bolivianos han tenido una importante transformación en los últimos años como consecuencia de la urbanización, el incremento en el poder adquisitivo, y los cambios en las preferencias de los consumidores. A pesar de ello, el sistema alimentario de ciudades como La Paz está todavía fundamentado sobre los mercados mayoristas y minoristas tradicionales. Los comedores populares – sitios de venta de comida preparada que operan dentro de estos mercados – ocupan un lugar importante dentro de este sistema como puntos de acceso de comida nutritiva y asequible, y como repositorios del patrimonio culinario nacional. Sin embargo, la viabilidad de estos comedores está siendo amenazada por la competencia y por los cambios en los patrones de consumo. En este trabajo presentamos un estudio hecho en conjunto con las vendedoras de los comedores de los mercados de Achumani y Obrajes en la ciudad de La Paz. La investigación fue guiada en gran medida por los intereses y las preocupaciones de las vendedoras. En común acuerdo, y con su colaboración, realizamos encuestas a sus clientes para entender mejor sus preferencias y opiniones sobre los comedores. Finalmente, discutimos los resultados con las vendedoras para que sean útiles para las vendedoras y sus negocios.

Jorge Vladimir GarcíaMarcelo CollaoAlejandro Guarín

In evidenza

Israel’s Flight from South Lebanon 20 Years On (BESA Center)

Israel’s May 2000 rushed evacuation of its security zone in south Lebanon and the desertion of its longstanding local allies there tarnished the Jewish State’s deterrent posture and helped spark a string of large-scale armed confrontations with Hezbollah (2006), the PLO (the so-called “al-Aqsa Intifada”), and Hamas (2008/9, 2012, 2014). The withdrawal transformed south Lebanon into an ineradicable terror entity that can harass northern Israel at will and expedited Hezbollah’s evolvement into a formidable military power armed with 150,000 rockets and missiles capable of reaching anywhere in Israel. It also dented the IDF’s fighting ethos and operational competence, as illustrated by its lukewarm performance during the Second Lebanon War (2006) and Operation Protective Edge (2014).

By  and 

In evidenza

The Return to the Era of Spheres of Influence in Eurasia (BESA Center)

Geopolitical trends of the last two decades show that pivotal states in Eurasia are working to recreate their zones of influence. In so doing, they are challenging the US, which implies a corresponding challenge to the existing world order. Though Washington will be able to limit some powers’ ambitions, it has few tools with which to hamper the ambitions of Russia, China, and Iran.


In evidenza

A case for accelerated health integration in Africa (UNECA)

“Healthcare cooperation is key to achieving aspiration 1 and goal 1 of Africa’s Agenda 2063 as well as SDG 3 on ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all.” This is according to a communiqué issued at the end of a virtual meeting on the regional impacts of and responses to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In evidenza

Deputy Secretary-General Tells Africa Dialogues Series COVID-19 Poses Challenge to ‘Common Goal of Silencing the Guns’ on Continent (UNECA)

Following are Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, to Session 2 of the Africa Dialogues Series 2020 on COVID-19 and Silencing the Guns in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities; Global Solidarity and Stronger Partnerships for Africa’s response to COVID-19 and Silencing the Guns

In evidenza

Just hoping coronavirus will bypass Africa, would be a deadly mistake: Bachelet (UNECA)

Tens of millions of people in Africa could become destitute as a result of COVID-19 and its catastrophic impact on fragile economies and health systems across the continent, human rights chiefs from the United Nations and the African Commission warned on Wednesday.

In evidenza

How Arab States Take on Coronavirus: Morocco as a Case Study (Al Jazeera Centre for Studies)

Tremendous socio-economic and political challenges are facing Morocco during the Coronavirus crisis. Regardless of the promising signs of a short-term momentum in unity and institutional trust, the institutional weaknesses in the public policy and healthcare system have not disappeared.

Mohammed Issam Laaroussi
In evidenza

Libya’s Zero-Sum Politics and Defiance of Legitimacy – Part 2 (Al Jazeera Centre for Studies)

Foreign manipulation defies the wisdom of envisioning a political settlement of the Libyan conflict. All international diplomatic gestures need to be aligned via the UN platform, with a well-defined trajectory, rather than any zero-game equation or realist calculation.

Mohammed Cherkaoui
In evidenza

Libya’s Zero-Sum Politics and Defiance of Legitimacy – Part 1 (Al Jazeera Centre for Studies)

There has been fluctuation and reconstruction of political legitimacy. Since the summer of 2014, two battles over legitimacy have spoiled Libyan politics and weakened the UN mediation with two rounds of international recognition of one new political institution or another.

Mohammed Cherkaoui
In evidenza

India-Nepal Tensions: More than about Lipulekh and Kalapani? (CLAWS)

The India-Nepal relations witnessed a diplomatic spat over the inauguration of the Mansarovar Link Road – a strategic connector that links Pithoragadh in Uttrakhand to Lipulekh Pass near the India-Nepal-China tri-junction, just 5 km shy of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) between India and China.

By Mohak Gambhir

In evidenza

China’s ‘Wolf Warrior’ Diplomacy is making less room for Panda Huggers (CLAWS)

China’s diplomacy under the COVID-19 pandemic is highlighting a change in tone from what Henry Kissinger described as “subtle and indirect”.

By Dr. Amrita Jash

In evidenza

Spend Fossil-Fuel Subsidies on Pandemic Relief and the Poor (Project-Syndicate)

Many developing countries have long maintained fuel subsidies because they are politically impossible to abandon, owing to the sticker shock that the public encounters at the pump as soon as prices are floated. But now that oil prices have reached historic lows, this problem has all but disappeared.

M. Chatib Basri, Indonesia’s finance minister from 2013 to 2014, is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Economics at the University of Indonesia

Rema N. Hanna, Professor of South-East Asia Studies at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, is Faculty Director of Harvard’s Evidence for Policy Design

Benjamin A. Olken, Professor of Economics at MIT, is Director of MIT’s Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab

In evidenza

The Big Failure of Small Government (Project-Syndicate)

It is no coincidence that countries with mission-driven governments have fared better in the COVID-19 crisis than have countries beholden to the cult of efficiency. Effective governance, it turns out, cannot be conjured up at will, because it requires investment in state capacity.

Mariana Mazzucato, Professor of Economics of Innovation and Public Value and Director of the UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, is the author of The Value of Everything: Making and Taking in the Global Economy 

Giulio Quaggiotto, a former head of the Regional Innovation Center in the Asia Pacific at the United Nations Development Programme, works at the Mohammed Bin Rashid Center for Government Innovation

In evidenza

US and Taiwan cannot afford starting new game over Taiwan question: Global Times editorial

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo sent a congratulatory message to Taiwan regional leader Tsai Ing-wen on the eve of May 20 congratulating her on the commencement of second term in office.

In evidenza

With flagging influence, US distorts China’s loans (Global Times)

In a speech via video link Monday at the opening of the 73rd World Health Assembly, President Xi Jinping said China will work with other G20 members to implement the Debt Service Suspension Initiative for the poorest countries.

By Zhang Yi

In evidenza

India could suffer from speculative attitude amid China-US conflict (Global Times)

With COVID-19 still spreading around the world, certain groups of people in India, including its military, have seen a rising speculative attitude regarding conflict between China and the US, with a view to possible benefits from the situation. If this attitude extends to India’s foreign policy, it will only damage the country’s relations with China and hinder its focus on pandemic prevention, as well as the long-term economic recovery.

By Qian Feng

In evidenza

Xi Jinping’s China needs a foreign policy worthy of the ‘Asian century’ (SCMP)

Beijing should leave the painful past behind and rise above Western demonisation to seize China’s moment in history. A rethink of its aggressive foreign policy, over-the-top propaganda and tight grip on Hong Kong and Taiwan is in order

Tom Plate

In evidenza

What Wuhan’s frontline medical workers can teach the world about the Covid-19 mental health battle (SCMP)

  • The war against Covid-19 has left many Chinese health care workers suffering from depression, anxiety, insomnia and distress
  • Support from coworkers and the wider community provided a lifeline during the darkest of times

Siqi Xiao and Yue Qian


In evidenza

Why China’s post-lockdown recovery won’t work as a test case for reopening Europe and America (SCMP)

In China, landlords and occupiers are taking stringent measures to help workers return safely. But many of the health and safety protocols enforced in China are much more difficult to implement in economies that value privacy

Nicholas Spiro

In evidenza

Mainlandisation? Before the Communist era, Hong Kong and China societies were the same in all but government (SCMP)

The controversial term has come to mean an erosion of Hong Kong freedoms but not so long ago, the two cultures would have been indistinguishable

Jason Wordie

In evidenza

COVID-19: US Congress vs. China (Valdai Discussion Club)

At first glance, congressional activity is hardly worth exaggerating. The numerous resolutions should be considered not so much as ready-made foreign policy decisions, but in the context of public policy and positioning in the eyes of voters, especially against the backdrop of the upcoming presidential campaign. However, one cant underestimate the efforts of the congressmen. First of all, because the activity of the Republicans is in tune with the position of the administration, writes Ivan Timofeev, Programme Director of the Valdai Discussion Club.

Ivan Timofeev

In evidenza

Shock Resistance Prevention: Lessons From the 2020 Pandemic (Valdai Discussion Club)

The worst-case scenario has been avoided with the pandemic gradually reaching a plateau. The economic incentives of governments were sufficient to prevent the collapse of the global economy. If the coronavirus pandemic eventually becomes a lesson for international politics and the global economy, then let this be a lesson about resilience to sudden shocks, writes Andrey Sushentsov, Programme Director of the Valdai Discussion Club.

Andrey Sushentsov

In evidenza

An Essential Primer on Burundi’s Elections (ICG)

On 20 May, Burundians will elect a new president, future members of parliament and municipal councillors, amid the COVID-19 pandemic. In this Q&A, Crisis Group looks at the various scenarios for the polls and the challenges that will face whoever prevails.

In evidenza

Violence in Nigeria’s North West: Rolling Back the Mayhem (ICG)

Insecurity is plaguing north-western Nigeria, due to persistent herder-farmer tensions, rising crime and infiltration by Islamist militants. Federal and state authorities should focus on resolving conflict between agrarian and pastoralist communities, through dialogue and resource-sharing agreements, while also stepping up law enforcement.

In evidenza

The State and Federal Data on COVID-19 Testing Don’t Match Up (Defense One)

The CDC has quietly started releasing nationwide numbers. But they contradict what states themselves are reporting.


In evidenza

GLOBSEC Intelligence Briefing MAY 2020

The May edition of the GLOBSEC Intelligence Briefing touches upon the three major risks the V4 region might face – the economic fallout from COVID-19, the possible attempts to consolidate power in times of corona, and the deepening of social inequalities as a result of asymmetric distribution of negative impact within society. These risks are explored from the perspective of political developments, economic outlook, disinformation challenges, relations with Brussels and security implications.

In evidenza

COVID-19 in CEE – Infecting the World Wide Web (GLOBSEC)

Somebody ate a bad bat soup and suddenly the internet has gone from an important tool to a fundamentally critical infrastructure connecting us to the outside world. Internet that is keeping us afloat in these times of pandemic is just the same as it was before. We’re just more dependent on it, with no other alternatives available.

We rely on it to carry out our jobs, to meet in virtual space, to school our kids, to provide our entertainment, to keep society running and salvage a modus vivendi from the pre-Covid days. In short, we are using it a lot.


In evidenza

The Unspoken Reason for Lockdowns (Project-Syndicate)

Governments cannot openly admit that the “controlled easing” of COVID-19 lockdowns in fact means controlled progress toward so-called herd immunity to the virus. Much better, then, to pursue this objective silently, under a cloud of obfuscation, and hope that a vaccine will arrive before most of the population gets infected.


In evidenza

The Fable of the Chinese Whistleblower (Project-Syndicate)

The more the United States struggles with the ravages of COVID-19, the more President Donald Trump and his Republican Party will blame China. The facts hardly matter, as their exploitation of the tragic case of Wuhan doctor Li Wenliang shows: If Trump and the GOP think a conspiracy theory will win votes, they will run with it.

In evidenza

The Pandemic Is Shaking the Dollar’s Supremacy (Project-Syndicate)

After three years of US President Donald Trump abusing America’s dominant position in the global monetary and financial system, his administration’s disastrous response to the COVID-19 pandemic will further erode faith in the dollar. And if the days of America’s “exorbitant privilege” come to an end, so will much else.


In evidenza

Platforms Adapted Quickly during the Pandemic — Can They Keep It Up? (CIGI)

Digital platforms have shared data, taken responsibility for content and moved quickly to work with trusted sources of information. As Heidi Tworek writes, this should be the norm after the pandemic too.

Heidi Tworek

In evidenza

Rethinking Digital Platforms for the Post-COVID-19 Era (CIGI)

As long as COVID-19 is a global concern, many aspects of daily life will be mediated by platform companies that see human interactions as content to be moderated, and as sources of data to be monetized



In evidenza

The WTO: Ever Mutating, Planned Obsolescence or Unplanned Obsolescence? (CIGI)

When the founding fathers2 gathered at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in July 1944, there emerged two-and-a-half pillars of modern global economic governance. The International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (better known as the World Bank) were full-fledged, treaty-based organizations with defined governance structures. The putative International Trade Organization (ITO) never got off the ground in the same manner. Although negotiations for an ITO were successfully completed in the Havana Charter in March 1948, the charter was not ratified by the US Congress, on the grounds that it intruded into domestic economic issues. Instead, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) became operational on January 1, 1948, with 23 members, including the United States. The GATT was a far-reaching document for its time. It was designed to overcome resistance and might have built in a planned obsolescence.

Rohinton P. Medhora

In evidenza

New Directions in Mining Governance and the Sustainable Development Goals in Africa (CIGI)

Despite Africa’s wealth of natural resources, millions of its people live in extreme poverty. Effective mining governance can help Africa address this imbalance by achieving UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 (to end poverty) and SDG 8 (to create sustainable economic growth and decent work for all). Reforms aimed at generating more revenue for national governments to address poverty and building new partnerships between public and private sectors to promote economic growth and boost employment can help achieve these goals.

Sara Ghebremusse

In evidenza

Modernizing the World Trade Organization (CIGI)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is experiencing a crisis of legitimacy — trade wars rage on and the Appellate Body is unable to function. With negotiations at a standstill and disagreements on fundamental issues widening, the WTO is struggling to respond effectively to the challenges of rapid economic, political, social, technological and environmental change. Overcoming these urgent challenges will require a great deal of political will and international cooperation from member states. In this essay series, first published online, authors examine where the WTO is falling short, consider the opportunities that lie ahead and discuss options for a modernized WTO.



In evidenza

New Platform, Old Problems: How TikTok Recreates the Regulatory Challenges that Came Before It (CIGI)

TikTok’s rise has been meteoric. The fast-growing platform, simply described as an app for posting and sharing short videos, has been downloaded more than 1.65 billion times globally since 2016 and currently has more than 800 million monthly active users. Some industry leaders speculate that it could eclipse Instagram. When it comes to total cumulative users, ByteDance, the Chinese company behind TikTok, now ranks third, behind Facebook and the Chinese multinational Tencent (which owns WeChat, China’s largest platform, and QQ). With a valuation of US$75 billion, ByteDance is also the world’s most valuable start-up.

Jesse Hirsh

In evidenza

New Political Parties and the Reconfigu­ration of Turkey’s Political Landscape (SWP)

The recent emergence of two splinter parties from the Justice and Development Party (AKP) points to a deepening crisis within the party and growing discontent toward party leader and president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Although the leaders of the two new parties, Ali Babacan and Ahmet Davutoğlu, are both former high-ranking AKP politicians, they differ significantly in their style of politics and ideological leanings. Babacan is trying to position himself at the center of Turkey’s ideological spectrum and emphasize issues of good governance and the rule of law. Davutoğlu is aiming for the more conservative voters, focusing on the moral shortcomings of the current regime. Davutoğlu’s strategy has better chances in the short term, whereas Babacan is poised for a long game. The importance of both parties relies on their potential to attract votes from the AKP base. In a country that is deeply divided into two almost equal-sized camps that support Erdoğan and oppose him, even a small fraction of votes shifting from the AKP to the opposition can be a game changer.

Salim Çevik

In evidenza

The Covid-19 Pandemic and Conflict Dynamics in Syria (SWP)

Nine years into the (civil) war, Syria is in an extraordinarily poor position to confront the Covid-19 pandemic. Instead of the pandemic leading towards the uniting of local, regional, and international actors involved in Syria around a common purpose, con­flict dynamics have hampered an effective response to Covid-19. Yet, the pandemic is unlikely to become a decisive turning point in conflict dynamics or an overall deter­minant of its future trajectory. Rather, in the mid-term, the relevant actors are likely to continue to follow their strategic interests in Syria, while some will have to adjust their operational priorities, as well as the strategies to pursue them, against the back­drop of the pandemic. Cooperation among external actors in solving the conflict is not set to get any easier. Trends of destabilisation and erosion of state capacity in the war-torn country are also likely to continue. Europeans should prioritise helping fight the pandemic in all areas of Syria and re-engage in diplomacy aimed at conflict settlement and the prevention of military escalation among involved actors.

Muriel AsseburgHamidreza Azizi, Galip Dalay, Moritz Pieper

In evidenza

Covid-19 in the Horn of Africa (SWP)

On reaching the Horn of Africa, the corona virus will have encountered countries already facing a multitude of challenges. Prolonged armed conflict, drought and insecurity have turned more than eight million people into refugees in their own countries, and a further 3.5 million have fled to neighbouring countries where they live in overcrowded refugee camps. All the countries in this region are in a fragile state of political transformation or have been severely weakened by war and govern­ment failures. They possess neither the capacity to contain the Covid pandemic nor to mitigate the resulting unemployment, poverty and hunger. In order to guard against jeopardising the process of democratisation in Sudan and Ethiopia, special emphasis should be placed on social security systems and gaining the trust of the popu­lation. This requires an emergency aid package from abroad that will ensure the economic survival of all countries in the region. However, long-term support should be con­ditional on guaranteeing that most of the investment goes into developing state capacities for critical infrastructure and social security.

Annette Weber

In evidenza

On the Run in Their Own Country (SWP)

 Although cross-border flight has been high on the international ­agenda for several years, the more wide-spread phenomenon of internal displace­ment has received scant political attention, despite the fact that it pro­motes conflict and hinders development.

 The problem is exacerbated when internal displacement continues over an extended period. If a large population group is denied the ability to exercise its basic as well as its civil rights for years, there are high costs and political risks for society as a whole.

 Internal displacement can have many causes. If it becomes a protracted phenomenon, this points to fundamental political shortcomings. Hence, the issue is a politically sensitive matter for the governments concerned, and many of them consider offers of international support as being un­due interference in their internal affairs.

 At the global and regional levels, legislative progress has been made since the early 2000s. However, the degree of implementation is still inad­equate and there is no central international actor to address the concerns of IDPs.

 The political will of national decision-makers is a prerequisite for the pro­tection and support of those affected. This can be strengthened if govern­ments are made aware of the negative consequences of internal displace­ment and if their own interests are appealed to.

 The German government should pay more attention to the issue of inter­nal displacement and make a special effort to find durable solutions. The most important institutional reform would be to reappoint a Special Representative for IDPs who would report directly to the UN Secretary-General.

Anne Koch

In evidenza

Contentious Politics in the Syrian Conflict: Opposition, Representation, and Resistance (Carnegie Middle East Center)

The Assad regime’s instinct to survive at any cost closed off opportunities for change in Syria, yet contentious politics was possible and is still taking place.


In evidenza

When the Water Runs Dry: What is to be done with the 1.5 million settlers in the deserts of southwest Afghanistan when their livelihoods fail? (AREU)

When the Water Runs Dry: What is to be done with the 1.5 million settlers in the deserts of southwest Afghanistan when their livelihoods fail?

David Mansfield

In evidenza

Social consequences of the oil price shock in the resource rich post-soviet countries (CESD)

This study seeks to determine the impact the fall in global oil prices post-2014 had on the welfare of the populations of three resource-rich post-Soviet states: Russia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan. Changes in welfare will be explored through the analysis of several socio-economic indicators affected by the local currencies’ devaluations. It will be suggested that the single-commodity export dependence of the countries concerned, and the domestic development of non-tradeable sectors faltered in the face of external shocks. Several policy suggestions are offered to mitigate the effects of the economic downturns observed.


In evidenza

O Plano Decenal Brasil-China 2022-2031: oportunidade de preparação e realinhamento (CEBRI)

Tatiana Rosito, Senior Fellow e Coordenadora do Grupo de Análise sobre China do CEBRI, é um dos destaques da Carta Brasil-China organizada pelo Conselho Empresarial Brasil-China (CEBC), com o artigo “O Plano Decenal Brasil-China 2022-2031: oportunidade de preparação e realinhamento“.

In evidenza

Ramadan in the Age of Pandemic: Islam and COVID-19 (Wilson Center)

In this edition of Wilson Center NOW we are joined by Akbar Ahmed, Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American Universityand Alex Thurston, Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Cincinnati. They discuss the COVID-19 pandemic’s effect on the Muslim world during the holy month of Ramadan.

In evidenza

Where Deforestation and Disease Collide: Sustainability and COVID-19 in the Brazilian Amazon (Wilson Center)

On May 14, the Brazil Institute, in partnership with the Environmental Change and Security Program, hosted an update on the situation in Manaus, followed by a conversation on the impact of COVID-19 on deforestation and sustainability in the Brazilian Amazon, and the implications this could have for us all.

Izabella Teixeira

Former Minister of the Environment, Brazil; Senior Fellow, Brazilian Center for International Relations (CEBRI)

Thomas Lovejoy

Senior Fellow, United Nations Foundation; Professor, George Mason University; Brazil Institute and ECSP Advisory Board Member

Carlos Nobre

Senior Researcher, University of São Paulo’s Institute for Advanced Studies

Denis Minev

CEO of Lojas Bemol; Co-Founder and Board Member of Fundação Amazonas Sustentável

Anya Prusa

Senior Associate, Brazil Institute

Amy Erica Smith

Liberal Arts and Sciences Dean’s Professor and Associate Professor of Political Science, Iowa State University.
In evidenza

Webcast Conversation with Ambassador Landau: U.S.-Mexico Cooperation During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond (Wilson Center)

The Mexico Institute and the Mexican Council on Foreign Relations were pleased to host a web event with U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Christopher Landau.

Christopher Landau, U.S. Ambassador to Mexico

Jane Harman, Director, President, and CEO, Wilson Center

Duncan Wood, Director, Mexico Institute



In evidenza

Can Unemployment Numbers Predict the Number of Mortgages That Will Go into Forbearance? (Urban Institute)

Estimating how many of the 33.4 million borrowers who have government-backed mortgages will ask for forbearance in the coming months is critical for policymakers to know how much support mortgage servicers require to remain operational. Most mortgage market analysts have modeled homeowners’ forbearance take-up on the unemployment rate. The researchers explain how complicated this calculation is, that it should be based on the homeowner unemployment rate, not the overall unemployment rate, and offer three reasons the forbearance rate might be higher than the homeowner unemployment rate and three reasons it might be lower.

In evidenza

The Mortgage Market Has Caught the Virus (Urban Institute)

While the nation’s housing and mortgage markets aren’t causing the broader economic disruption in this crisis, as they did in the last, they are suffering from its effects. The authors discuss how these markets are straining under the weight of the disruption, what policymakers should do about it and what longer term implications we should draw from the experience.

In evidenza

Data Snapshot of Youth Incarceration in Ohio (Urban Institute)

Consistent with national trends, youth incarceration in Ohio has declined significantly during the past decade. Notably, however, the average daily population in the state’s youth prisons actually increased each year between 2016 and 2019. Reductions in youth incarceration allowed the Ohio Department of Youth Services (DYS) to close five of its eight juvenile correctional facilities over the last decade, yet the state still spends one-third of its juvenile justice budget on these facilities. Further, though racial and ethnic inequities in Ohio’s juvenile justice system declined in the past several years, significant disparities persist, particularly for Black youth. This data snapshot explores youth incarceration in Ohio and provides data to state partners working with the YouthFirst Initiative, a national advocacy campaign supporting state juvenile justice reform efforts.

In evidenza

Catalyzing Policing Reform with Data: Technical Appendix (Urban Institute)

In the report Catalyzing Police Reform with Data: Policing Typology for Los Angeles Neighborhoods, we created a typology that elucidates the relationship between resident-initiated and police-initiated activity in the City of Los Angeles, as well as explore how that relationship varies across neighborhoods, by synthesizing data sources on calls for service, stops, arrests, and crime. The open data come from the Los Angeles Open Data Portal, the American Community Survey, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. This Technical Appendix provides a detailed description of the data sources and methodology used to develop the typology, including processing the raw data, conducting a cluster analysis using Gaussian mixture models (GMM) and performing a stability analysis to identify how individual variables drive clustering. Our code for processing and analyzing the data is on GitHub.

In evidenza

Catalyzing Policing Reform with Data. Policing Typology for Los Angeles Neighborhoods (Urban Institute)

Strong community-police relationships are essential to public safety, and these relationships influence how communities engage with the police. We created a typology based on multiple aspects of policing that reveals a relationship between resident-initiated and police-initiated activity, and explores how that relationship varies across neighborhoods. We found that resident calls for service and police stops and arrests generally increase together, and neighborhoods with high amounts of activity tend to have a greater proportion of violent crime and serious calls for service. The neighborhoods with high activity also tend to have wider racial disparities in stops and arrests, and more economic hardship. This neighborhood-policing typology can inform conversations about police reform in Los Angeles and also serve as an example of how open data can be a powerful tool for local movements for a more equitable criminal justice system in other cities.

In evidenza

Why the Most Affordable Homes Increased the Most in Price between 2000 and 2019 (Urban Institute)

This report investigates home price appreciation in three tiers (low, moderate and high price) from 2000 to 2019, nationally and in 285 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in an attempt to identify which factors influence the different appreciation rates. We find that, nationally, from January 2000 to December 2019, prices for the lower-priced homes increased 126.2 percent, compared to 99.8 percent for medium-priced and 86.4 percent for higher-priced homes. Although lower-priced homes appreciate more quickly than higher-priced homes throughout the country, in MSAs with higher employment growth, stronger zoning and land-use regulation, and less land available for development, the lower-priced homes are even more significantly outpacing the appreciation rate of the higher-priced homes. We also find that the relatively greater increase in housing costs for low-income households has caused residual income inequality (household income minus housing costs) to increase more than income inequality.

In evidenza

Tax Incentives for Retirement Savings (Urban Institute)

Federal tax law provides substantial tax incentives for retirement saving. These include the deferral of taxes on contributions to retirement savings accounts by employers, employees, and self-employed taxpayers and the earnings on these contributions until the funds are withdrawn in retirement for traditional retirement accounts; the exemption of investment income accrued within retirement accounts for Roth retirement accounts; and a retirement savings tax credit for low-income taxpayers. This chartbook explores the implications of current-law income tax incentives for retirement savings, illustrates alternative ways of measuring the tax benefits they generate, and analyzes the distributional impacts of alternative tax proposals to encourage retirement saving. We find that tax incentives for retirement saving provide the largest benefits as a share of income to upper-middle-income taxpayers.

In evidenza

Responding to the COVID-19 Crisis: Subsidizing Jobs for Economic Recovery (Urban Institute)

Join Sarah Rosen Wartell, president of the Urban Institute, for the fourth installment in Urban’s conversation series, Evidence to Action. During this virtual event, Senator Tammy Baldwin (D- WI) will discuss her efforts to create a subsidized employment program. Following that, Demetra Nightingale, Institute fellow at the Urban Institute, and Indivar Dutta-Gupta, co–executive director of the Georgetown Center on Poverty and Inequality, will join Wartell to explore why subsidized jobs could be integral to our economic recovery.

In evidenza

What’s Next for the CRA? (Urban Institute)

Regulations under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) have not been substantially updated since 1995—notwithstanding enormous changes in the financial services system and many aborted attempts.  Last December, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation proposed a regulation that would vastly change how banks are evaluated under the CRA; comments were due April 8. As bankers, communities, and policymakers consider the proposal, what are their thoughts about its impact? On communities? On banks large and small; urban, rural, regional, and national; virtual and traditional? How has COVID-19 influenced those evaluations? A panel of experts will consider these issues, as well as procedural concerns with the proposal, including the Federal Reserve Board’s decision not to join in.

  • Laurie Goodman, Vice President and Codirector, Housing Finance Policy Center, Urban Institute
  • Buzz Roberts, President and CEO, National Association of Affordable Housing Lenders
  • Krista Shonk, Vice President, Regulatory Compliance Policy, American Bankers Association
  • Josh Silver, Senior Advisor, National Community Reinvestment Coalition
  • Mark Willis, Senior Policy Fellow, New York University Furman Center
  • Ellen Seidman, Nonresident Fellow, Urban Institute (moderator)
In evidenza

Many migrant workers are excluded from China’s social programs (PIIE)

More than a fifth of China’s population have migrated from the countryside to join the urban workforce. These migrant workers have been indispensable to China’s economic growth but face exclusion from many social programs.

Tianlei Huang

In evidenza

Fistfighting in the Himalayas: India and China Go Another Round (The Heritage Foundation)

China and India were at it again this month. According to Indian news reports, border patrols from both countries have been involved in a series of incidents along their disputed boundary in recent weeks, including a pair of confrontations in early May that devolved into fisticuffs.

Jeff M. Smith

In evidenza

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Public Policy Solutions (The Heritage Fondation)

As the world grapples with the coronavirus pandemic, The Heritage Foundation offers expertise in a wide range of policy areas. We analyze the latest developments and formulate policy solutions based on these principles. Heritage convened the National Coronavirus Recovery Commission to make recommendations for state and local governments, the Trump administration, Congress, and the private sector. Learn more at

In evidenza

Will U.S. Sanctions Snapback Force Iran Out of the NPT? (CSIS)

As U.S. Special Representative for Iran Brian Hook made clear in his recent Wall Street Journal op-ed, if the United States fails to secure an extension to the arms embargo against Iran that expires in October, it is willing to try and force the reimposition of UN sanctions on Iran.

In evidenza

Philanthropy & the humanitarian crisis in Northeast Nigeria (CSIS)

Nigeria’s philanthropists respond inconsistently to national crises. By examining the private sector’s robust Covid-19 pandemic intervention, this piece provides recommendations for a stronger multisectoral response to the humanitarian disaster in northeast Nigeria.

In evidenza

Medidas de Enfrentamento dos Efeitos Econômicos da Pandemia Covid-19: panorama internacional e análise dos casos dos Estados Unidos, do Reino Unido e da Espanha (IPEA)

Este texto apresenta um panorama internacional das medidas econômicas adotadas para reduzir os graves efeitos econômicos da pandemia de Sars-COV-2 em três países: Estados Unidos, Reino Unido e Espanha. A análise toma como base primordialmente documentos governamentais que normatizaram as medidas de política econômica. São analisados os diversos canais por meio dos quais a crise sanitária afeta a economia. Por um lado, estão os fatores de oferta: oferta de trabalho, produtividade do trabalho e funcionamento das cadeias produtivas. Por outro lado, encontram-se os fatores de demanda: consumo das famílias, investimento privado e comércio exterior. O terceiro canal diz respeito aos fatores financeiros incides sobre as variáveis de demanda e, principalmente, sobre o grau de liquidez das empresas financeiras e não financeiras. As medidas adotadas nos três países apresentam como características comuns a mobilização de grande volume de recursos fiscais e financeiros, a adoção de uma grande diversidade de instrumentos de política econômica e o uso de arranjos institucionais sofisticados em termos de regras de focalização e de mecanismos de operacionalização das medidas adotadas.

Claudio Amitrano, Luís Carlos G. de Magalhães, Mauro Santos Silva

In evidenza

Metodologias para Previsão de Receitas Tributárias no Brasil (IPEA)

O objetivo deste estudo é realizar um exercício de modelagem econométrica das séries individuais de tributos visando à obtenção da elasticidade-renda e à projeção futura para cada tributo. Para isso, fez-se uso dos modelos linear dinâmico (MLD) e fatorial dinâmico (MFD), ambos estimados com base na abordagem bayesiana. Nossa amostra de tributos corresponde a mais de 90% da carga tributária brasileira, sendo composta de dados mensais entre dezembro de 2006 e maio de 2019. A previsão dentro da amostra é feita para o período de um ano, enquanto a projeção fora da amostra vai de junho de 2019 a junho de 2020. Os resultados obtidos corroboraram a expectativa quanto à adequação das metodologias empregadas. Os exercícios de validação da previsão mostraram excelente performance, tendo em vista os diversos critérios de avaliação. Em particular, para a maior parte dos casos, o erro acumulado percentual registrou um valor abaixo de 4%, sendo que, em alguns casos, o valor obtido para esse indicador ficou abaixo de 1%.

Mário Jorge Mendonça e Geraldo Sandoval Góes

In evidenza

Cambios imprevisibles que afectan la economía de un contrato (CEP)

Se ha presentado un proyecto de ley para regular los efectos de circunstancias imprevisibles que alteren la economía de los contratos, en términos que el cumplimiento resulte exorbitante para una de las partes.

Enrique Barros B.

In evidenza

Trump rivals China: four years of machiavellianism (Clingendael)

In the run-up to the 2020 US presidential election, it is time to reflect on the impact of Trumps presidency on various countries across the globe. How do different countries look back upon four years of President Trump? In this opening episode of the Clingendael Spectator series “Four Years Trump: Taking Stock and Looking Forward”, Shi Yinhong explains from a Chinese perspective how Trump sought rivalry with China on all fronts.

Shi Yinhong – Professor of International Relations at the Renmin University of China

In evidenza

From terrorism to pandemics: fear needs an enemy (Clingendael)

Paris saw a new and disturbing terrorist incident by the end of April. A 29-year-old man, called Youssef T., wounded two policemen. He told the police that he carried out the attack because of the situation in Palestine. He also stated to be sympathetic towards the goals of ISIS. Oh and by the way, more than 23.000 people died from the coronavirus in France over the last two months.


In evidenza

Could the Corona crisis strengthen due diligence in cyberspace ? (Clingendael)

The global coronavirus crisis has produced many negative effects, including an increase in cybercrime that targets health organizations, such as hospitals and medical research centers.

Sico van der Meer

In evidenza

Digital connectivity going global (Clingendael)

Digital connectivity will feature prominently in the upcoming EU–Japan summit scheduled for May 2020, and in the EU–Africa summit of November 2020. On both occasions, digital Official Development Assistance (ODA) deserves a more prominent place on the agenda than seen so far. For Japan, this means implementing coordinated digital development initiatives and aiming for greater contributions to the e-economy and e-government, and for African governments, the European Union (EU) should identify real needs that inform targeted, request-based action on digital ODA.

Maaike Okano-Heijmans

In evidenza

The spies who came in from the Cold War (Clingendael)

In its recently published annual report, the Dutch general intelligence and security service AIVD notes that intelligence services of other countries often play a key role in covert influencing operations that target political decision-making directly, or focus on the manipulation of public perceptions indirectly. One of the countries mentioned continuously with regard to these kinds of activities is Russia. Of old, this country has been most adept at covertly influencing the perceptions and public opinion in other countries, which can have a disruptive effect on policy-making processes. However, being done covertly, these activities have tended to remain hidden in the shadows. Lately though, they can’t seem to stay out of the limelight. Recent operations by Russia’s intelligence services, in particular the military intelligence service GRU, are a case in point. Only rarely has an intelligence service of a major power received so much public attention over such a short period of time as has happened to the GRU.

Danny Pronk

In evidenza

A Grave Crisis, With No Silver Bullet (Carnegie Middle East Center)

As Lebanon begins negotiations with the International Monetary Fund, the two sides will have to find the least painful path to adjustment in the country.


In evidenza

Understanding soldiers who protect civilians in the world’s hotspots (DIIS)

UN peacekeeping missions are deployed in increasingly violent contexts, such as Mali and South Sudan. It leaves such missions suspended somewhere between traditional peacekeeping and peace enforcement. Concurrently with this transformation, protection of civilians has become increasingly important.

How do countries like Ghana and India, two of the main contributors of troops to UN missions, define, approach, and experience the task of protecting civilians? What do they consider its key components to be? And what do they think is required to protect well?

Peter Albrecht & Podder Sukanya

In evidenza

How transnational jihadist groups are exploiting local conflict dynamics in Western Africa (DIIS)

We have seen an escalation of attacks and massacres carried out by jihadist militants affiliated with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, accompanied by the forceful closure of schools, mosques and churches.

Dino Krause

In evidenza

Japan in the 2019 G20 and G7 Summits: A Key Partner for Europe? (IFRI)

This essay offers a general assessment of Japan’s performance in the 2019 G20 and G7 Summits, held respectively in Osaka, Japan and Biarritz, France and looks at how Tokyo coordinated with its European partners (The European Union (EU) institutions and the EU Member States) in these international settings.

Céline PAJON

In evidenza

US Navy’s FFG(X): small(-ish) combatant, big future? (IISS)

How will the FFG(X) fit into the US Navy’s future fleet plans? The new-generation frigate could be key to hopes of maintaining a credible forward presence, but questions remain over whether the US Navy has found the right balance in terms of cost and capability, writes Nick Childs.

Nick Childs


In evidenza

What COVID tells us about the politics of the former Soviet Union (IISS)

The onset of COVID-19 thwarted grand plans to celebrate Victory Day in Russia and other post-Soviet states. Their varying approaches to this dilemma reveal a great deal about regime priorities, argues Nigel Gould-Davies.
In evidenza

The European Union’s post-Brexit reckoning with financial markets (Bruegel)

In the negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom over their future relationship, we see a high probability of a weak contractual outcome, given the dominance of politics over considerations of market efficiency.


In evidenza

Rationale and limitations of SURE (Bruegel)

This event will discuss SURE, a new European Union instrument for temporary ‘Support to mitigate Unemployment Risks in an Emergency’

Gilles Mourre, Head of Unit – Fiscal Policy and Surveillance, European Commission, DG ECFIN

Elena Carletti, Professor, Bocconi University

Roel Beetsma, MN Professor of Pension Economics, University of Amsterdam

Grégory Claeys, Senior Fellow

In evidenza

Rebooting Europe: a framework for a post COVID-19 economic recovery (Bruegel)

COVID-19 has triggered a severe recession and policymakers in European Union countries are providing generous, largely indiscriminate, support to companies. As the recession gets deeper, a more comprehensive strategy is needed. This should be based on four principles: viability of supported entities, fairness, achieving societal goals, and giving society a share in future profits. The effort should be structured around equity and recovery funds with borrowing at EU level.


In evidenza

India’s Unheeded Coronavirus Warning (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

Early in the outbreak, government researchers forecast several high-risk scenarios that were downplayed or ignored in public messaging.


In evidenza

Staying Sane in a Crumbling World (Valdai Discussion Club)

Two years ago, the Valdai Club issued a report, titled “Living in a Crumbling  World”, in which it suggested that multilateral cooperation is on the decline. Any crisis of international institutions leads to increasing anarchy – each state is left to rely on itself to solve the problems of survival. The developments of 2020 so vividly confirmed this hypothesis that they surprised even the authors themselves.