In evidenza

UN general assembly goes virtual: a former ambassador on what that means for diplomacy (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/un-general-assembly-goes-virtual-a-former-ambassador-on-what-that-means-for-diplomacy-146499

Research Associate, Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, SOAS, University of London

In evidenza

Proposed changes to British law could prevent armed forces from taking legal action against the government (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/proposed-changes-to-british-law-could-prevent-armed-forces-from-taking-legal-action-against-the-government-146588

Professor, Lancaster Law School, Lancaster University

In evidenza

How presidents have shaped the US Supreme Court – and why the choice of its next justice is so crucial (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/how-presidents-have-shaped-the-us-supreme-court-and-why-the-choice-of-its-next-justice-is-so-crucial-146555

Senior Lecturer in American Studies, University of East Anglia

In evidenza

This is why the fight over the Supreme Court could make the US presidential election even nastier (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/this-is-why-the-fight-over-the-supreme-court-could-make-the-us-presidential-election-even-nastier-146541

Senior Fellow & Senior Advisor, US Studies Centre, University of Sydney

In evidenza

The joint provision of active labour market policies and income support can be a powerful solution for improving workers’ perspectives (VOXEU)

https://voxeu.org/article/combined-active-labour-market-policies-and-income-support-can-improve-workers-perspectives

Verónica Escudero, Hannah Liepmann

In evidenza

Climate crisis: news outlets still giving a platform to dangerous and outdated views (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/climate-crisis-news-outlets-still-giving-a-platform-to-dangerous-and-outdated-views-146366

Senior Lecturer in Media Psychology, University of Salford

In evidenza

Don’t write off government algorithms – responsible AI can produce real benefits (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/dont-write-off-government-algorithms-responsible-ai-can-produce-real-benefits-145895

Lecturer in Computer Science/Co-founder Women Leading in AI, Keele University

In evidenza

Coronavirus: why central and eastern European countries seem to be running out of luck (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/coronavirus-why-central-and-eastern-european-countries-seem-to-be-running-out-of-luck-146349

Research Associate, Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge

Postdoctoral Associate, Institute of Sociology, Freie Universität Berlin

Wiener-Anspach Postdoctoral research fellow, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge

In evidenza

Cricket’s Indian Premier League heads to the UAE as political power and money hit coronavirus concerns for six (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/crickets-indian-premier-league-heads-to-the-uae-as-political-power-and-money-hit-coronavirus-concerns-for-six-146217

Assistant Professor (Research), Durham University

In evidenza

How can we sustain progress in cancer care in the COVID-19 era? (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/how-can-we-sustain-progress-in-cancer-care-in-the-covid-19-era/

In evidenza

Waste pickers are slipping through the cracks. Here’s how we can support these essential workers during the COVID-19 crisis (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/waste-pickers-are-slipping-through-the-cracks-covid-19-informal-sector-essential-workers-support/

, Director, Global Plastic Action Partnership, Member of the Executive Committee, World Economic Forum Geneva

In evidenza

Fighting the COVID Infodemic (Project-Syndicate)

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/scientists-must-unite-to-fight-covid19-infodemic-by-francoise-barre-sinoussi-and-adeeba-kamarulzaman-2020-09

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, co-winner of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of HIV, is a former president of the International AIDS Society (2012-14). – Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases at the University of Malaya, is President of the International AIDS Society.

In evidenza

Brexit: Ireland’s land bridge to the continent boosts air pollution in the UK (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/brexit-irelands-land-bridge-to-the-continent-boosts-air-pollution-in-the-uk-143775

Professor of Enterprise and Competitiveness, University of Birmingham

Research Fellow in WM-Air Project, University of Birmingham

Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Birmingham

In evidenza

Apple is starting a war over privacy with iOS 14 – publishers are naive if they think it will back down (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/apple-is-starting-a-war-over-privacy-with-ios-14-publishers-are-naive-if-they-think-it-will-back-down-146227

Reader in Marketing, Brunel University London

In evidenza

Britain needs to grow more trees – are sheep farms the answer? (The Conversation)

https://theconversation.com/britain-needs-to-grow-more-trees-are-sheep-farms-the-answer-145872

Researcher, Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York

Professor of Plant Biology, University of Sheffield

In evidenza

The Post-Pandemic Recovery’s Missing Link (Project-Syndicate)

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/public-trust-in-finance-and-science-needed-for-recovery-by-bertrand-badre-and-aurelie-jean-1-2020-09

Bertrand Badré, a former managing director of the World Bank, is CEO of Blue like an Orange Sustainable Capital and the author of Can Finance Save the World?  – Aurélie Jean, a computational scientist, is founder of In Silico Veritas, an adviser for the Boston Consulting Group, and an external collaborator with France’s Ministry of Education.

In evidenza

Japan’s Geopolitical Balancing Act Just Got Harder (Project-Syndicate)

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/japan-geopolitical-balance-with-america-china-by-minxin-pei-2020-09

Minxin Pei is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College and a non-resident senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

In evidenza

This new technology can save whales from ship collisions (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/this-new-technology-can-save-whales-from-ship-collisions/

In evidenza

Examining China’s Organ Transplantation System: The Nexus of Security, Medicine, and Predation / Part 3: China’s United Front Tactics in Managing the Narrative on Organ Trafficking (The Jamestown Foundation)

https://jamestown.org/program/examining-chinas-organ-transplantation-system-the-nexus-of-security-medicine-and-predation-part-3-chinas-united-front-tactics-in-managing-the-narrative-on-organ-trafficking/

In evidenza

Political Divides, Conspiracy Theories and Divergent News Sources Heading Into 2020 Election (Pew Research Center)

Political Divides, Conspiracy Theories and Divergent News Sources Heading Into 2020 Election

AMY MITCHELLMARK JURKOWITZJ. BAXTER OLIPHANT AND ELISA SHEARER

In evidenza

Clouds can tell us a lot about climate change – so why aren’t we paying attention to them? (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/climate-change-clouds-models-modeling-temperature-rises/

In evidenza

Business leaders embrace Europe’s new green reality for investment and growth (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/business-leaders-embrace-europe-s-new-green-reality-for-investment-and-growth/

, Deputy Head of the Centre for Geopolitical and Regional Affairs, Member of the Executive Committee, World Economic Forum

In evidenza

Social entrepreneurs are first responders to the COVID-19 crisis. This is why they need support (WEF)

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/09/social-entrepreneurs-are-first-responders-to-the-covid-19-crisis/

In evidenza

The UAE-Israel Breakthrough: Bilateral and Regional Implications and U.S. Policy (The Washington Institute)

https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-uae-israel-breakthrough-bilateral-and-regional-implications-and-u.s.-po

Ebtesam al-Ketbi

Ebtesam al-Ketbi, founder and president of the Emirates Policy Center, the UAE’s leading foreign policy and security think tank; professor of political science at United Arab Emirates University; and a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council’s Consultative Commission.

Dore Gold

Dore Gold was Israel’s ambassador to the United Nations from 1997-1999.

Barbara A. Leaf

Ambassador Barbara A. Leaf is the Ruth and Sid Lapidus Fellow at The Washington Institute and director of the Geduld Program on Arab Politics.

David Makovsky

David Makovsky is the Ziegler distinguished fellow at The Washington Institute and director of the Project on Arab-Israel Relations.

In evidenza

Climate Change Intensifies Inequality: An Interview with Gregor Semieniuk (Global Policy)

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/16/09/2020/climate-change-intensifies-inequality-interview-gregor-semieniuk

Gregor Semieniuk (Ph.D., Economics, New School for Social Research, 2015) is Assistant Research Professor at PERI and the Department of Economics at UMass Amherst. His research focuses on the energy and resource requirements of global economic growth and on the political economy of rapid, policy-induced structural change that is required for the transition to a low carbon economy. In the former project, Gregor harnesses historical data to critique IPCC and other scenarios of future economic growth and climate change mitigation that rely strongly on energy efficiency measures to both grow fast and deliver unprecedented energy savings. In the latter Gregor examines the role of government and private investors in financing the investments required for rapid low carbon energy transitions as well as the impact of mitigation policy on the financial system. Gregor also has a keen interest in the measurement and characterisation of inequality, in particular as it applies to the ongoing low-carbon transition. Gregor is currently on leave from his Lecturer (Assistant Professor in the UK system) position at the Department of Economics of SOAS University of London. He is also affiliated with the Institute of Innovation and Public Policy Purpose at University College London and the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) of the University of Sussex.

In evidenza

Border Tensions Put the China-India Relationship on Ice (Global Policy)

https://www.globalpolicyjournal.com/blog/14/09/2020/border-tensions-put-china-india-relationship-ice

Dev Lewis is Fellow and Program Lead at Digital Asia Hub and founder of the ChinaIndia Networked Newsletter.  He is also a fellow of the Global Governance Futures – Robert Bosch Foundation Multilateral Dialogues program. 

In evidenza

News by CSET

policy․ai
Biweekly updates on artificial intelligence, emerging technology and security policy. View at policy.ai or download a pdf. Forward to a friend, or sign up here.

 

Wednesday, September 16, 2020
by REBECCA KAGAN

 

Worth Knowing

Nvidia To Acquire Arm for $40B: On Sunday, U.S. GPU designer Nvidia announced plans to acquire U.K. chip company Arm from current owner SoftBank for $40 billion. Arm develops and licenses designs that are used to produce chips, including those inside most smartphones — an area where Nvidia is not currently a major player. Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang said that together, the two companies will create the “leading computing company for the age of AI.” Nvidia will maintain Arm’s open-licensing model, letting Arm continue to serve customers around the world, though some authorities worry the deal would effectively place Arm under U.S. control amid U.S.-China tensions. Assuming regulatory approval, the purchase should take 18 months to complete; if finalized, it would be the largest-ever semiconductor deal.

Portland, OR Enacts Strictest Facial Recognition Ban in the US: The Portland City Council unanimously voted last Wednesday to ban both private and government use of facial recognition due to privacy concerns as well as gender and racial inaccuracies. The strictest ordinance of its kind in the nation to date, it prohibits companies from using the technology in any “place of public accommodation” where goods or services are offered. The prohibition goes into effect on January 1, 2021. Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler said he hopes it encourages other cities to enact more stringent legislation as well.

Chinese Tech Executives Launch Domestic Tech Fund: A group of Chinese tech executives plans to launch a “domestic replacement” fund to support Chinese tech companies focusing on AI, 5G and semiconductors, Reuters reports. The fund aims to assist companies affected by U.S. sanctions and create China’s next tech giant. Venture capital firm China Europe Capital  expects to raise 5 billion yuan ($730 million) with the help of former executives from Huawei and chipmaker SMIC. China Europe Capital Chairman Zhang Jun said the group sees the U.S.-China tech war as “a matter of life and death,” and that it hopes to provide blacklisted companies with extra support to “survive, and run, although with a limp.”

Machine Learning Spotlight — Standards For Clinical Trials Involving AI: A consortium of experts has proposed the first international standards for clinical trials involving AI. The guidelines were published simultaneously in leading medical journals BMJ, Nature Medicine and Lancet Digital Health after being developed with input from more than 150 authorities. The authors developed a list of 14 AI-specific additions to the standard journal protocols for reporting on clinical trials, including describing the type of algorithm, the training data and the data analysis process. AI is a “strong driver” of new medical interventions, the authors say, and they hope the standards will help editors and readers accurately appraise the quality of new interventions.

Government Updates

Esper Announces AI Partnership for Defense: The Joint AI Center will launch the AI Partnership for Defense this week in collaboration with allies, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said at the Defense Department’s AI Symposium and Exposition. Formed with at least 10 other nations’ militaries and defense departments, the partnership will focus on data sharing, ensuring interoperability of AI systems and incorporating ethics into the AI pipeline. Esper described the partnership as part of a democratic alternative to China and Russia’s authoritarian approach to AI. In the same talk, Esper highlighted two AI training programs for DOD staff and announced that a real-world dogfight between AI and human pilots will occur in 2024.

Groen Nomination To Be JAIC Director Clears Major Senate Hurdle: On Tuesday, the Senate Armed Services Committee advanced the nomination of Maj. Gen. Michael Groen to be Director of the Joint AI Center. He now awaits Senate confirmation. Groen has served in the Marine Corps for more than 30 years and is currently the deputy chief of computer network operations at the National Security Agency. If appointed, he would be promoted to lieutenant general, as the JAIC previously announced the position would be filled by a three-star general or flag officer.

Trump Administration Reportedly Considers Blacklisting SMIC: According to Reuters, the Trump administration is considering blacklisting Chinese chipmaker Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation over concerns about its relationship with China’s military. SMIC said in a statement it was in “complete shock and perplexity” about the possible blacklisting, claiming it complies with all U.S. regulations and has no relationship with the Chinese military. If enacted, SMIC’s addition to the Entity List would require U.S. government approval of American suppliers shipping to the company. SMIC shares fell 23 percent on the news.

House Approves Bill Authorizing AI Center of Excellence: On a Monday voice vote, the House passed legislation codifying an AI Center of Excellence within the General Services Administration. The AI in Government Act of 2020, introduced by Rep. McNerney and then-Rep. Meadows, tasks the Center of Excellence with improving “cohesion and competency” of government AI use, convening stakeholders to discuss trends in AI and publishing relevant information online. The Center is also intended to provide agencies with advice on acquisition and use of AI and advise the Director of the Office of Management and Budget on developing policies related to the use of AI. The Senate companion bill was approved by committee but has not yet received a floor vote.

In Translation
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI

AI Engineer and Technician Employment Prospects: A New Occupation — An Analytical Report on Current Employment Prospects for AI Engineers and Technicians. This government report analyzes the AI industry in China. It finds that demand for AI professionals continues to exceed supply and that the U.S. job market attracts the majority of highly qualified Chinese AI researchers.

Technical Domains for Made in China 2025: Roadmap of Major Technical Domains for Made in China 2025. A partial translation of a 2015 roadmap for the Made in China 2025 strategy, this section focuses on China’s IT industry, including specific targets for the country to meet by 2025 in the semiconductor, telecom, software and intelligent manufacturing equipment industries. The goals are intended to improve China’s self-sufficiency in these strategic technologies.

Policies To Promote Circuit and Software Industries: State Council Notice on the Publication of Certain Policies To Promote the High-Quality Development of the Integrated Circuit Industry and the Software Industry in the New Period. This is a list of policies that the Chinese government has enacted to spur the growth of the integrated circuit and software industries. The policies provide tax breaks to companies in these industries and encourage investment.

What We’re Reading

Report: China’s Artificial Intelligence Technology Industry Development Under New Challenges and Opportunities, China’s New Generation Artificial Intelligence Technology Industry Development Report (June 2020)

Report: Brain-Computer Interfaces: U.S. Military Applications and Implications, An Initial Assessment, RAND (August 2020)

Commentary: Deepfakes Are Coming for American Democracy. Here’s How We Can Prepare, Clint Watts and Tim Hwang (September 2020)

Report: Facial Recognition: CBP and TSA are Taking Steps To Implement Programs, but CBP Should Address Privacy and System Performance Issues, United States Government Accountability Office (September 2020)

What’s New at CSET

REPORTS

PUBLICATIONS AND PODCASTS

FORECASTS
CSET has launched a crowd forecasting platform. Sign up as a forecaster, and take a look at some of the predictions so far:

In evidenza

AI ethics groups are repeating one of society’s classic mistakes (MIT Technology Review)

https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/09/14/1008323/ai-ethics-representation-artificial-intelligence-opinion/

Abhishek Gupta is the founder of the Montreal AI Ethics Institute and a machine-learning engineer at Microsoft, where he serves on the CSE Responsible AI Board. Victoria Heath is a researcher at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute and a senior research fellow at the NATO Association of Canada.

In evidenza

To confront the climate crisis, the US should launch a National Energy Innovation Mission (MIT Technology Review)

https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/09/15/1008406/climate-crisis-energy-innovation-mission-us-election-tech-policy-opinion/

Varun Sivaram, visiting senior fellow at Columbia University’s Center on Global Energy Policy, is the former CTO of ReNew Power, India’s largest renewable-energy company. Colin Cunliff is a senior policy analyst with the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. Julio Friedmann, senior research scholar at Columbia University’s Center on Global Energy Policy, is a former senior official at the US Department of Energy. Along with David Sandalow and David Hart, they are coauthors of Energizing America: A Roadmap to Launch a National Energy Innovation Mission.”

In evidenza

Synthetic biologists have created a slow-growing version of the coronavirus to give as a vaccine (MIT Technology Review)

https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/09/16/1008442/synthetic-biologists-have-created-a-slow-growing-version-of-the-coronavirus-to-give-as-a-vaccine/

In evidenza

Air Force General Defends Plans for Mixed F-35, F-15 Fleet (Defense One)

https://www.defenseone.com/business/2020/09/air-force-general-defends-plans-mixed-f-35-f-15-fleet/168466/

Marcus Weisgerber is the global business editor for Defense One, where he writes about the intersection of business and national security. He has been covering defense and national security issues for more than a decade, previously as Pentagon correspondent for Defense News and chief editor of Inside the Air Force. He has reported from Afghanistan, the Middle East, Europe, and Asia, and often travels with the defense secretary and other senior military officials.

In evidenza

FBI Washington Field Office Educates Citizens About Election Security and Foreign Malign Influence in Advance of the November Election (HS Today)

FBI Washington Field Office Educates Citizens About Election Security and Foreign Malign Influence in Advance of the November Election

In evidenza

Africa Needs Market-Creating Innovation (Project-Syndicate)

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/africa-nonconsumers-innovation-inclusive-growth-by-carl-manlan-and-efosa-ojomo-2020-09

Carl Manlan, a 2016 New Voices Fellow at the Aspen Institute, is Chief Operating Officer at the Ecobank Foundation. – Efosa Ojomo is a Senior Research Fellow at the Clayton Christensen Institute and a co-author of The Prosperity Paradox: How Innovation Can Lift Nations Out of Poverty.

In evidenza

Will We Solve the Climate Crisis in Time? (Project-Syndicate)

https://www.project-syndicate.org/podcasts/will-we-solve-the-climate-crisis-in-time

Bill McKibben, a scholar in environmental sciences at Middlebury College and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, is a co-founder of 350.org. – Elmira Bayrasli is the director of the Bard Globalization and International Affairs program and the co-founder and CEO of Foreign Policy Interrupted. She is the author of From The Other Side of The World: Extraordinary Entrepreneurs, Unlikely Places.

In evidenza

China’s mask diplomacy: Political and business ties facilitate access to critical medical goods during the coronavirus pandemic (VOXEU)

https://voxeu.org/article/china-s-mask-diplomacy

Andreas Fuchs, Lennart Kaplan, Krisztina Kis-Katos, Sebastian S. Schmidt, Felix Turbanisch, Feicheng Wang