In evidenza

Cominciare un cammino nell’oltre (Marco Emanuele)

(pubblicato su Formiche.net, 18 gennaio 2020)

Con uno sguardo ampio e profondo, il nostro è un cammino nel “presente storico” verso un “progetto di civiltà”. Gli analisti, in fondo, sono fotografi di realtà. La nostra ambizione è di essere altro, (ri)legatori.

Quando trionfa l’individualismo, un individualismo “cattivo”, è inevitabile che si pongano in discussione i legami sociali, che l’altro rappresenti un problema o, per meglio dire, che ciascuno di noi si illuda di “incarnare” la soluzione. Partiamo da qui, da una espressione volutamente polemica (il pensiero non è tale se non è polemico), per dire che – immersi in un cambio di era – siamo perduti se “lasciamo correre” il sentimento del sentirci parte di un destino comune.

(Ri)legatori, dunque, sono tutti coloro che credono nel legame; ciò comporta che ciascuno può (ri)trovare sé stesso solo in una inter-in-dipendenza sostanziale. Sentirsi “legati” all’altro, al pianeta e al cielo, per qualcuno può rappresentare un pericolo, una sorta di prigione soffocante. E, invece, è in quel legame che evolve la vera libertà, principio di liberazione.

Poniamo, in questo percorso di ricerca, temi fondamentali e temi trasversali.

Partiamo da cinque temi fondamentali che vanno considerati, al contempo, in maniera distinta (non separata) e interrelata, nella loro inter-in-dipendenza:

  • il tema dei principi. Ci domandiamo quali siano le possibilità storiche di realizzazione delle potenzialità dei cosiddetti “valori”;
  • il tema culturale. Guardiamo a un pensiero in grado di portarci dentro, nel profondo, delle complessità del tempo storico nel quale siamo immersi;
  • il tema politico-istituzionale. Snodo verso un progetto di civiltà, la politica riveste una importanza strategica. Dovremmo cominciare a domandarci di quale politica parliamo, quale ne sia la natura in metamorfosi nel tempo dell’innovazione dilagante e pervasiva. Altresì, occorre lavorare sulla metamorfosi dello Stato nazionale e della democrazia rappresentativa;
  • il tema economico. Come entrano in metamorfosi il pensiero economico e il capitalismo ? E, ancora, possiamo soddisfarci di una unica forma di capitalismo ?;
  • il tema giuridico. Oggi acquista grande rilevanza il tema delle regole rispetto alla planetarizzazione delle sfide. Le difficoltà di mediazione tra il livello nazionale dello Stato e della democrazia e il livello planetario delle sfide impongono il ripensamento dei sistemi di regole.

Rispetto ai temi traversali, ci sembra importante focalizzare l’attenzione su ciò che il “futuro già presente” porta nelle nostre vite. In tal modo, guardando all’impianto complesso sopra evidenziato in termini fondamentali, i (ri)legatori diventano visionari.

Se l’analisi non basta più, importante quanto semplicistica fotografia di un “presente imminente”, occorrono sia una capacità di mediazione più profonda (il “mestiere” dei (ri)legatori) che il talento della visione per percorrere l’oltre che è già in noi ma che ancora non vediamo (l’emergente nell’evidente).

Il mondo è l’anima delle nostre preoccupazioni. La geopolitica, qui intesa come un processo dinamico di lettura e di narrazione del mondo, è ciò che comprende il resto e che, partendo dal mondo, ci aiuta a capirne le dinamiche che, oggi più che mai, sono caratterizzate da velocità e radicalità.

I temi trasversali riguardano: il fattore umano-ecologico-tecnologico; il fattore religioso; il mondo in tre mondi (connettività & innovazione / conflitti & muri / disagio & disuguaglianze); il rischio nelle sue varie forme; i beni culturali e il loro rilancio in chiave geoterritoriale.

Ciascuno di tali temi trasversali porta con sé molti approfondimenti possibili. Vorremmo ragionarne nella loro integrazione e in chiave progettuale, delineando un percorso senza una fine ma con il fine di costruire un mosaico complesso di realtà e di noi in essa.

In evidenza

Major General: Iran not interested in creating tension in region (IRNA)

Chief of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces Major General Mohammad Baqeri in a telephone conversation with Turkey’s Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said that Iran has no interest in creating tension in the region, but it will react rigidly to any irrational or aggressive act.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83636577/Major-General-Iran-not-interested-in-creating-tension-in-region

In evidenza

US faces pressure to increase exports (Global Times)

China promised a $200 billion increase in purchases of US goods and services over two years. China’s trade surplus with the US is indeed too large. Much of China’s foreign currency has been spent on purchasing US treasury bonds. This is not an ideal trade-financial structure in the long run. Moving toward a trade balance is a healthier direction for China-US economic cooperation.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1177128.shtml

In evidenza

Acceleration promise won’t derail financial opening-up agenda (Global Times)

While enormous attention has been focused on how much China promises to buy under the phase one deal, another major part of the US-China agreement – financial services – may have far more implications for both markets in terms of the amount of capital involved.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1177126.shtml

 

In evidenza

2020, the year of living dangerously (Global Times)

The beginning of a new decade has a happy ring to it – a feeling of turning a page, of starting anew, of a fresh impetus. Yet, this year of the rat according to the Chinese calendar looks ominous, one in which the world will face many daunting challenges.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1177105.shtml

By Jorge Heine

In evidenza

Soleimani’s killing strengthens Putin’s hand in Syria and Iraq (Al Jazeera)

In the latest US-Iran escalation, Russia sees new opportunities to expand its influence in the Middle East.

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/soleimani-killing-strengthens-putin-hand-syria-iraq-200115080353213.html

by

In evidenza

The battle of ‘resistance’ vs ‘revolution’ in the Middle East (Al Jazeera)

The clash between the ‘resistance’ and ‘revolutionary’ movements will define the Middle East in the future.

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/battle-resistance-revolution-middle-east-200114124254439.html

by
In evidenza

Trafficking risk high for hundreds of migrants sent back to Libya (Thomson Reuters Foundation News)

Aid workers say they have first-hand testimony of migrants being sold to traffickers after being taken to Libyan detention centres

http://news.trust.org/item/20200115094853-ud7ok/?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=3c0c339d30-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_01_16_05_40&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-3c0c339d30-43573965

By Nellie Peyton

In evidenza

Philippines volcano: UN stands ready with support, as thousands told to flee (UN News)

The UN is concerned over warnings issued by Philippines’ authorities that volcanic eruptions on the country’s most populous island could last “days, months or even years”.

https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/01/1055322?utm_source=IOM+External+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=3c0c339d30-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_01_16_05_40&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_9968056566-3c0c339d30-43573965

In evidenza

Why Is China Pressing Indonesia Again Over Its Maritime Claims? (World Politics Review)

China sparked a major maritime confrontation with Indonesia near the South China Sea last month when dozens of Chinese fishing vessels, along with a coast guard escort, entered waters off the Natuna Islands, which are within Jakarta’s exclusive economic zone but are also claimed by China.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28476/why-is-china-pressing-indonesia-again-over-the-natuna-islands?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=28a07246e4-Daily_Free_01162020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-28a07246e4-64207257&mc_cid=28a07246e4&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

How Would a Military Drawdown Affect U.S. Engagement in Africa? (World Politics Review)

Last month, The New York Times reported that the U.S. Department of Defense was considering “a major reduction—or even a complete pullout—of American forces from West Africa.” The proposal is part of a worldwide review of overseas U.S. deployments, based on the Trump administration’s strategic framework of refocusing resources away from counterterrorism missions and toward competition with adversarial great powers like China and Russia. But for many observers, it was just the latest troubling sign of American disengagement from Africa.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/podcast/28473/how-would-a-military-drawdown-affect-u-s-engagement-in-africa?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=28a07246e4-Daily_Free_01162020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-28a07246e4-64207257&mc_cid=28a07246e4&mc_eid=eee1e65047

The Editors

In evidenza

What Does the ‘Phase One’ U.S.-China Trade Deal Actually Accomplish? (World Politics Review)

With the signing of a “phase one” trade deal Wednesday, the United States and China have finally pressed pause on their protracted trade war. At a White House signing ceremony that was attended by Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, President Donald Trump called the pact a “sea change in international trade.” But what does it actually accomplish?

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/trend-lines/28474/what-does-the-phase-one-u-s-china-trade-deal-actually-accomplish?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=28a07246e4-Daily_Free_01162020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-28a07246e4-64207257&mc_cid=28a07246e4&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

China’s Policies Toward Hong Kong and Taiwan Are Driving a Slow-Motion Catastrophe (World Politics Review)

In order to understand the mounting tensions in both Taiwan and Hong Kong over their relationships with mainland China, one must abandon the usual time frames of weeks, months or at most a handful of years and instead imagine the scenarios that open up over decades—five decades, to be precise. Over the next 50 years, interlocking dreams and nightmares will hang even more heavily over Taiwan, which Beijing considers a breakaway province, and Hong Kong, over which Beijing wants to assert more direct control, with possibly tragic outcomes.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28470/china-s-policies-toward-hong-kong-and-taiwan-are-driving-a-slow-motion-catastrophe?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=28a07246e4-Daily_Free_01162020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-28a07246e4-64207257&mc_cid=28a07246e4&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

For Migrants and Refugees, Greece Has Become Hostile Territory (World Politics Review)

The last dog days of summer are usually quiet in Athens. Most people leave for their summer holiday, scattering to beaches looking out over azure waters or mountains filled with wildflowers. Only a few dazed tourists remain behind to wander the city.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28472/for-migrants-asylum-seekers-and-refugees-greece-is-hostile-territory?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=28a07246e4-Daily_Free_01162020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-28a07246e4-64207257&mc_cid=28a07246e4&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

In Oman, Sultan Qaboos Leaves a Legacy of Nonalignment. Can His Successor Keep It? (World Politics Review)

For years, a cloud hung over a corner of the Middle East, containing fears of yet another conflict suddenly erupting. They centered on what would happen after the death of the longest reigning monarch in the Gulf, Sultan Qaboos bin Said, who ruled over the Sultanate of Oman for half a century without leaving behind an heir apparent. Qaboos had been ill for years, and yet, if you tried to gently broach the subject of his successor with Omani citizens, they would recoil. The sultan had set up a system for succession and everyone knew it. But no one knew if it would work.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28475/in-oman-sultan-qaboos-leaves-a-legacy-of-nonalignment-can-his-successor-keep-it

In evidenza

Iran Is Ready for the Next Great War in the Middle East (The National Interest)

Tehran has the initiative to attack from the direction of its choosing—or several directions simultaneously—while confronting defenders with the Sisyphean task of providing 360-degree protection.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/middle-east-watch/iran-ready-next-great-war-middle-east-114061

by Jonathan Ruhe

In evidenza

Get Ready for the Economic ‘Frustflation’ of the 2020s (The National Interest)

The Federal Reserve of the United States is struggling to find ideas on how to increase—not decrease—inflation.

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/get-ready-economic-%E2%80%98frustflation%E2%80%99-2020s-114081

by Samuel Rines

In evidenza

The Crown Prince of Iran Pitches Regime Change to Washington (The National Interest)

The neoconservative Hudson Institute hosted the son of Iran’s late Shah. He painted a picture of Iran on the brink of collapse—and presented a plan to manage the coming “implosion” with a “minimum of casualties.”

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/middle-east-watch/crown-prince-iran-pitches-regime-change-washington-114161

by Matthew Petti

In evidenza

The Simple Reason Why America Could Lose the Next Cold War to Russia or China (The National Interest)

To win the new Cold War, the United States must tap its private-sector technological superiority. Victory is not possible, however, if the Pentagon continues to rely on antiquated, clunky, and counterproductive processes.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/simple-reason-why-america-could-lose-next-cold-war-russia-or-china-113566

by Michael Rubin

In evidenza

China’s Long History of Punishing People Who Didn’t Commit Crimes (The National Interest)

Beijing’s part-time hobbies include building “silk” roads and arbitrarily detaining foreign nationals.

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/china%E2%80%99s-long-history-punishing-people-who-didnt-commit-crimes-114051

by Mark Fitzpatrick

In evidenza

The U.S.-China Relationship Is At a Crossroads (The National Interest) (The National Interest)

If tensions between the United States and North Korea bubbled up to the surface circa 2017, would Trump consider the option to take out a member of the North’s senior military or political leadership? Would one of those targets be Kim Jong-un himself?

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/korea-watch/would-trump-dare-soleimani-north-korea-114281

by Daniel R. DePetris

In evidenza

The U.S.-China Relationship Is At a Crossroads (The National Interest)

Some decoupling of interdependence is likely, particularly in areas related to technology that directly affect national security. But will Washington and Beijing go too far?

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/us-china-relationship-crossroads-114041

by Joseph S. Nye Jr

In evidenza

Judy Asks: Should NATO Stay Away From the Middle East? (Carnegie Europe)

A selection of experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.

https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/80815?utm_source=rssemail&utm_medium=email&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiWXpSaVpqSmhNRFJpWlRJMSIsInQiOiJpbUhyd21qcFpvWFRvTEJuNE5iQmNNRkRRMlBUeFRGZDVGcG9NU3pLWDJlYUg5SjNtM3FrR01UUGc3RDFXMnRuVFJ0T08zbDFkWDBNVkhWU0xpcEF6V0lmajY5aDllSWNvTE5lN3pKMjRsXC9ZcVozZmZiQktRdXdUcVwvMlpJbzVDIn0%3D

JUDY DEMPSEY

 

In evidenza

Text of phase one deal balanced, fair: experts (Global Times)

The phase one trade agreement between China and the US reflected what Chinese officials have long stressed – that any deal must be balanced and fair and include initiatives that, if properly executed, could help address disputes and avoid further confrontation, Chinese analysts said on Thursday.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1177071.shtml

By Wang Cong and Ma Jingjing

In evidenza

China may demand the US remove tariffs before phase two talks: expert (Global Times)

China will need time to assess the just-signed phase one trade agreement and other complicating factors before launching negotiations with the US for a phase two agreement. US officials, including Vice President Mike Pence, who claim the talks are already underway may be getting ahead of themselves, a government advisor said on Thursday.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1177057.shtml

By Ma Jingjing and Wang Cong

In evidenza

Russia’s latest minesweeper passes through Black Sea straits in Mediterranean deployment (TASS)

After the warship passes through the Black Sea straits, it will join the Russian Navy’s permanent Mediterranean Squadron, according to the Black Sea Fleet
In evidenza

Pres. Rouhani: Iranians more powerful than before in dealing with US sanctions (IRNA)

President Hassan Rouhani censured Thursday the American officials who follow wrong planning against Iran, stressing that the Iranian nation has become stronger and more powerful in dealing with the US sanctions and plots.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83636333/Pres-Rouhani-Iranians-more-powerful-than-before-in-dealing

In evidenza

Iran, China form joint counter-narcotics committee (IRNA)

Iran and China have set up a committee on better coordination for drug prevention and drug treatment services and also fighting narcotics activities, a senior Iranian official said on Thursday.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83636273/Iran-China-form-joint-counter-narcotics-committee

In evidenza

Zarif calls for Europe’s change of behavior towards Iran, JCPOA (IRNA)

Iran’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad-Javad Zarif said in a meeting with European Union Minister for Foreign Affairs Josep Borrell that the three European members of Iran Deal should change their behavior towards Iran and the JCPOA.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83636174/Zarif-calls-for-Europe-s-change-of-behavior-towards-Iran-JCPOA

In evidenza

Pakistani FM begins diplomatic offensive at UN to ease regional tensions (IRNA)

Foreign Minister of Pakistan Shah Mahmood Qureshi kicked off his diplomatic offensive to de-escalate tensions in the Persian Gulf by holding important meetings with the United Nations leadership in New York to discuss the issue.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83636042/Pakistani-FM-begins-diplomatic-offensive-at-UN-to-ease-regional

In evidenza

Baeidinejad: No reason to replace JCPOA with Trump’s deal (IRNA)

Iran’s Ambassador to London Hamid Baeidinejad rejected British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s proposal to replace JCPOA with Trump’s deal, saying that until the time JCPOA exists, there is no reason for a new agreement.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83635941/Baeidinejad-No-reason-to-replace-JCPOA-with-Trump-s-deal

In evidenza

Planning for a (Not-So) Post-Putin Russia (Carnegie Moscow Center)

Of the constitutional reforms put forward by Putin, what will really change a lot is the proposal to give the Russian constitution—including repressive Russian legislation—priority over international law. This violation of the usual hierarchy is nothing short of a legal revolution.

https://carnegie.ru/commentary/80813

Andrei Kolesnikov

In evidenza

Forget Hitler: War and Diplomacy in the 21st Century (Valdai Discussion Club)

The US-Iran clash, regardless of how the exchange of strikes in January will culminate, is definitely a new type of war in a new international setting.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/forget-hitler-war-and-diplomacy-in-the-21st/

Timofei Bordachev

In evidenza

The Black Sea Region as a Zone of Geopolitical Confrontation (Valdai Discussion Club)

The Black Sea region is becoming more and more subject to geopolitical and geo-economic confrontation. 

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/the-black-sea-region-as-a-zone-of-geopolitical/

Konstantin Kurylev

In evidenza

From Deniability to Discipline. Valdai Club Experts Discuss the Situation in the Middle East (Valdai Discussion Club)

On Tuesday, January 14, the Valdai Discussion Club hosted an expert discussion, titled “US-Iran: The Limits of Escalation”. In addition to Iranian issues, the experts discussed in detail the situation in Libya. As a result of recent events, these two countries are now in the focus of Middle East experts.

https://valdaiclub.com/events/posts/articles/valdai-club-experts-discuss-the-situation-in-the-middle-east/

In evidenza

Senator Rubio blind to fact that Tibet is a part of China (Global Times)

US Senator Marco Rubio made absurd comments on China again, condemning “blatant human rights violations” in China on Tuesday after the government of Southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region legislated to guarantee ethnic unity.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176966.shtml

By Yu Jincui

In evidenza

China can support Myanmar for win-win benefits (Global Times)

This week Chinese President Xi Jinping will pay a state visit to Myanmar which will be his first in 2020. This is the first Chinese president to visit Myanmar in almost 20 years. Former Chinese president Jiang Zemin paid a state visit in 2001. In the interlude, China became a world power, shaping global investments especially via the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in which Myanmar is also an important participant.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176965.shtml

By Aung Tun

In evidenza

Demand justifies potential rise in energy imports from US (Global Times)

Even with “black swans” circling global energy markets, China’s crude oil imports recorded a steady increase last year, a sign that the country’s hunger for energy products is far from satiation.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176977.shtml

 

In evidenza

Showdown unlikely in Tsai’s 2nd term: expert (Global Times)

Taiwan regional election concluded Saturday with Tsai Ing-wen being re-elected the leader of the island. How should Beijing ensure the “one-China” principle is upheld and continue to hold the initiative in guiding cross-Straits relations? The Global Times (GT) invited mainland expert Wang Zaixi (Wang), former deputy director of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, and Douglas Paal (Paal), vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace of the US, to comment on these issues.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176953.shtml

 

In evidenza

Mahmoud Abbas As a Strategic Threat (BESA Center)

The diplomatic campaign Mahmoud Abbas has been waging for a decade and a half is no less dangerous to Israel than the “armed struggle” led by Hamas and Islamic Jihad in the Gaza Strip. With the growing influence of Iran and the advent of a new array of threats on Israel’s borders to the north and south, renewing negotiations with Abbas on the basis of the Barak-Olmert framework would entail an existential threat to Israel.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/abbas-strategic-threat/

By 

In evidenza

How Israel Should Fend Off the ICC (BESA Center)

The International Criminal Court (ICC) at the Hague has an abysmal record. It has few convictions, yet in the 17 years of its existence has spent more than $1.5 billion. The ICC’s decision to investigate supposed Israeli war crimes is a largely political ruling. Israel should confront the court by exposing that its multiple deficiencies far exceed its merits.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/israel-icc-strategy/

By 

 

In evidenza

Photo-Ops Notwithstanding, Iran Faces the US Alone (BESA Center)

Iran is now assessing whether it should retaliate further against the US for the targeting of Qassem Soleimani, and if so, how. Its relationships with Russia and Turkey might look warm, but they are troubled. Neither is likely to leap to Tehran’s side in its clash with the US. Israel should exploit Iran’s fissures with Russia and Turkey to its advantage.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/iran-faces-us-alone/

By 

In evidenza

How Qassem Soleimani Forced Donald Trump Back into the Middle East (BESA Center)

Qassem Soleimani was emboldened by the US administration’s failure to respond to repeated Iranian efforts to destabilize the Persian Gulf—so much so that he felt it was safe to attack Americans directly in Iraq. President Trump, who so recently was eager to leave the Middle East, ordered the killing of Soleimani in retaliation—drawing the US back into the Middle East.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/soleimani-donald-trump/

By 

In evidenza

Susan Rice Wants Congress to Have the War Powers It Was Denied in 2011 (The National Interest)

Rice said that she would “ban foreign policy by tweet” and restore regular press briefings.

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/susan-rice-wants-congress-have-war-powers-it-was-denied-2011-113966

by Matthew Petti

In evidenza

The U.S. Military Is Now Occupying Iraq. Its Time To Leave (The National Interest)

The administration’s current stubborn insistence on keeping American troops in Iraq exhibits several damaging patterns of thought.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/paul-pillar/us-military-now-occupying-iraq-its-time-leave-113741

by Paul R. Pillar

In evidenza

Make Data Safe Again: How to Tackle Dangerous Hackers (The National Interest)

Porous firewalls and after-the-fact hack-notifying dashboards have failed time and time again. With or without federal support, companies need to pursue alternative manners to protect and track their data.

https://nationalinterest.org/feature/make-data-safe-again-how-tackle-dangerous-hackers-113711

by Caspian Tavallali

In evidenza

Zarif: Regional tensions a true reflection of US ignorance (IRNA)

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said on Wednesday that assassination of General Soleimani and increase of tensions in the region are reflection of US’ ignorance and arrogance.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83635386/Zarif-Regional-tensions-a-true-reflection-of-US-ignorance

In evidenza

Meet the House Republicans Who Want to Rein In Trump On War (Defense One)

After the Soleimani strike, a working group of moderate Republicans and Democrats trying to “clarify” Congress’s war responsibilities hope they can build momentum.

https://www.defenseone.com/politics/2020/01/meet-house-republicans-who-want-rein-trump-war/162446/?oref=d-river

BY KATIE BO WILLIAMS

In evidenza

The Pentagon Must Replace Some Hackable Computer Chips (Defense One)

Last year’s vulnerability revelations, combined with the tardiness of manufacturers’ responses, leave the military with an expensive choice

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/01/pentagon-must-replace-some-hackable-computer-chips/162435/?oref=d-river

BY PAUL FRAZIER

In evidenza

Putin says raising citizens’ income level is main task for government, Central Bank (TASS)

Raising the level of incomes of Russian citizens is the main task of the government and the Central Bank, President Vladimir Putin said in his State of the Nation Address to the Federal Assembly.

https://tass.com/economy/1108795

In evidenza

Putin urges banks to get involved in preferential mortgages for young families (TASS)

Russian President Vladimir Putin urged banks to become more actively involved in the implementation of the program of preferential mortgages to young families.

https://tass.com/economy/1108769

In evidenza

Putin suggests increasing number of state-funded places in universities every year (TASS)

The number of state-funded places in Russian universities needs to be increased every year, President Vladimir Putin said in his State of the Nation Address to the Federal Assembly on Wednesday.

https://tass.com/politics/1108801

In evidenza

Presidential Address to speed up solution of national tasks, Putin says (TASS)

The president recalled that the benchmarks of the set tasks are reflected in the national projects, whose implementation would require new quality of state governance and direct dialogue with the people
In evidenza

President says all should strive to safeguard legacy of Gen. Soleimani (IRNA)

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani described the IRGC commander Leuitenant Qasem Soleimani as the commander who protected Iran’s borders and said all should strive to safeguard his legacy.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83634984/President-says-all-should-strive-to-safeguard-legacy-of-Gen

In evidenza

Leader highlights role of Jihad, resistance spirit in shaping future generations (IRNA)

The Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei said Jihad and resistance should be institutionalized in the minds of young people so that they rely on these values in defining their path for successive generations.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83634715/Leader-highlights-role-of-Jihad-resistance-spirit-in-shaping

In evidenza

Pakistani FM kicks off UN, US visit for regional peace (IRNA)

Foreign Minister of Pakistan Shah Mahmood Qureshi who recently visited Iran and Saudi Arabia on special direction of Prime Minister Imran Khan to de-escalate tensions in the region has left for the UN and US in his second leg of peace initiative.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83634644/Pakistani-FM-kicks-off-UN-US-visit-for-regional-peace

In evidenza

Iran, Afghanistan confer on regional developments (IRNA)

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and National Security Adviser of Afghanistan Hamdullah Mohib discussed regional developments especially after assassination of Lieutenant General Qasem Soleimani.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83634577/Iran-Afghanistan-confer-on-regional-developments

In evidenza

Libya’s Haftar and the Fezzan: one year on (Clingendael)

Since early 2019, Libya’s eastern-based military commander Khalifa Haftar has exerted significant efforts to position his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) as the territorially-dominant force across the country’s western half. An ostensible takeover of the Fezzan, the country’s southwestern province, was the first step of that conquest attempt. This policy brief examines the depth of the LNA’s territorial gains there, and describes the dynamics used. Haftar’s discourse, which depicts his armed coalition as the sole entity capable of countering extremism and ensuring stability, stands in contrast with the reality.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/libyas-haftar-and-fezzan-one-year

In evidenza

A Reset of the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body (CFR)

The Trump administration has destroyed the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body, much to the dismay of those needing the certainty of a rules-based trading system. Three reforms could get it back on track.

https://www.cfr.org/report/reset-world-trade-organizations-appellate-body

Jennifer Anne Hillman

In evidenza

Carrie Lam pledges HK$10 billion in new relief measures (Global Times)

Chief executive of China’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Carrie Lam said on Tuesday the SAR government will allocate 10 billion Hong Kong dollars (1.29 billion U.S. dollars) in new relief measures.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176870.shtml

In evidenza

China to strengthen fight against environmental pollution in 2020 (Global Times)

China’s top environmental watchdog has reiterated its ambition to fight environmental pollution in 2020, as positive results have been reaped through efforts to clean up the environment in the past year.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176895.shtml

In evidenza

China sees increased IP applications in 2019 (Global Times)

The quality and efficiency of China’s intellectual property (IP) services have been improved over the past year, according to data released by the National Intellectual Property Administration (NIPA) at a press conference Tuesday.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176868.shtml

In evidenza

Phase one deal serves as roadmap for China-US ties (Global Times)

Vice premier Liu He led a delegation to the US on Monday, Beijing time, where the two countries will sign the phase one trade deal, adding something new to interpret as the bilateral ties have been strained across the board for the last two years.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176825.shtml

In evidenza

Washington’s unsustainable deficit hangs over global economy (Global Times)

With the widening US budget gap, it is no longer a secret that such a high level of federal spending is unsustainable and the resulting debt burden has become a worry for the global economy.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176830.shtml

In evidenza

Protecting Trade (Project-Syndicate)

Manufacturing jobs have been moving from advanced to emerging economies for decades, but only recently has the challenge posed by emerging economies fueled a broader political response. Elites who long ignored the problem are finally feeling the competitive pressure themselves, and have responded in the most cynical way possible.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/saving-the-global-trade-consensus-by-raghuram-rajan-2020-01

Raghuram G. Rajan, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, is Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and the author, most recently, of The Third Pillar: How Markets and the State Leave the Community Behind.

In evidenza

Financial Markets’ Iran Delusion (Project-Syndicate)

A restrained reprisal by Iran following the assassination of its top military commander has led markets to conclude that the latest threat to the global economy has been removed. But just because Iran and the United States have so far avoided a full-scale war does not mean that markets are out of the woods.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/financial-markets-delusional-response-to-iran-tensions-by-nouriel-roubini-2020-01

Nouriel Roubini, Professor of Economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business and Chairman of Roubini Macro Associates, was Senior Economist for International Affairs in the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers during the Clinton Administration. He has worked for the International Monetary Fund, the US Federal Reserve, and the World Bank. His website is NourielRoubini.com.

In evidenza

Addressing Africa’s Skills Mismatch (Project-Syndicate)

Africa’s youth bulge is a major asset, with the potential to drive growth and development for decades to come. But if the continent’s young people are unable to find jobs suited to their education and skills, it could become a serious liability.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/africa-youth-bulge-job-skills-mismatch-by-hanan-morsy-2020-01

Hanan Morsy is Director of the African Development Bank’s Macroeconomic Policy, Forecasting, and Research Department.

In evidenza

Objectives of US Energy Policy in Europe (Valdai Discussion Club)

In December 2019, the US Congress approved the European Energy Security and Diversification Act of 2019; the first paragraph of the bill states that this proposed legislation will help the United States reach its global energy security goals, and encourages countries in Central and Eastern Europe to diversify their energy sources and supply routes in order to increase Europe’s energy security.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/objectives-of-us-energy-policy-in-europe/

Alexander Losev

In evidenza

South Korea and the Tensions in the Middle East (Valdai Discussion Club)

The aggravation of the troubled relationship between the United States and Iran has an impact on events on the Korean peninsula, which affect the South far more than the North.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/south-korea-and-the-middle-east-tensions/

Konstantin Asmolov

In evidenza

Why 2020 Could Be a Year of Increasing Tension on the Korean Peninsula (Valdai Discussion Club)

In 2020, for the first time since he took office, Kim Jong-un did not make the New Year’s speech, an event which foreign analysts have come to regard as the key event where the DPRK’s supreme leader sums up the results of the past year and plans for the future. These statements have always been distinguished by a certain sincerity in the sense that they were not declarative in nature. His failure to provide this annual message was due to the fact that its place was taken by the final theses of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK), which was held from 28 to 31 December 2019 (Juche 108) at the headquarters of the party’s Central Committee.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/north-korea-in-2020-the-december-plenum-of-the-wpk/

Konstantin Asmolov

In evidenza

Angela Merkel in Moscow: Key to Stability in the Middle East Is No Longer in Washington, but in Moscow and Ankara (Valdai Discussion Club)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s first trip abroad of the new decade was to Moscow, where she met with Vladimir Putin on Saturday. This was symbolic: Russia and Germany discussed how to re-stabilise the fragile world order. In this multi-polar system, appealing to the United States no longer makes sense for Merkel: President Donald Trump does not give advice, he only orders his allies around; if they do not obey him, he punishes them with sanctions. Whatever he does in the Middle East, he puts Europeans ahead of him. Trump also does not need European diplomacy to compete with American policymaking in the region. If Europe wants to play a key role in the Middle East, it has to come to an understanding regarding the regulatory power of Russia there.

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/angela-merkel-in-moscow-better-to-negotiate/

Alexander Rahr

In evidenza

The Trade War in 2020: The U.S. and China Move to Phase Two (Valdai Discussion Club)

On December 10 President Trump announced that the United States, Mexico, and Canada had successfully negotiated a new regional trade accord, the U.S. Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA). Three weeks later Trump indicated that the United States and China had agreed on a “phenomenal” “phase one” trade deal on January 15 and that he would travel to Beijing later in the year to commence negotiations on a “phase two.” What do these developments portend for the future of the Sino-American relationship?

https://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/the-trade-war-in-2020-the-us-and-china/

Alan W. Cafruny

In evidenza

Repatriation to Turkey’s “Safe Zone” in Northeast Syria (SWP)

Following the US decision to withdraw troops from Northeast Syria and upon sepa­rate agreements with the US and Russia, Ankara established what it calls a safe zone in the area between Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ayn. Even if spanning a smaller territory than envisaged, Turkey aims with its safe zone to impede Kurdish autonomy in North­ern Syria, on the one hand, and to return refugees who have increasingly become a domestic policy challenge for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP there­after), on the other hand. Turkey’s plan for repatriation signals that its interests align with European interests in refugee return. Given concerns about the safety of refu­gees, voluntary nature of return, and Ankara’s attempts at demographic engineering, Europeans should not support a Turkey-led repatriation to Syria without conditions.

https://www.swp-berlin.org/en/publication/repatriation-to-turkeys-safe-zone-in-northeast-syria/

Sinem Adar

In evidenza

The debate around returning foreign fighters in the Netherlands (Clingendael)

Would you like some nice ISIS fighters?”, US president Donald Trump asked French president Emmanuel Macron on the sidelines of the NATO leaders meeting in London this month. “I can give them to you”. Macron didn´t think it was funny. “Come on, let’s be serious”, he replied. The awkward exchange between the two leaders was emblematic of the wider question at hand; should countries take back their foreign terrorist fighters? And if so, what would that mean for their national security? Much like other European countries, the Netherlands has been struggling with this very question since the so-called caliphate has crumbled.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/debate-around-returning-foreign-fighters-netherlands

In evidenza

Iran adds over 3,000 megawatts to its power plants capacity (IRNA)

A spokesman for the Electricity Industry Mustafa Rajabi Mashhad said on Tuesday that this year(starting on March 21), despite the sanctions, some 3,250 MW of new power plants and 1.600 kilometers of transmission network have been put into operation.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83634097/Iran-adds-over-3-000-megawatts-to-its-power-plants-capacity

In evidenza

How can technology help India? An extract (WEF)

It’s 2030. India is among the world’s top three economies. All Indians use advanced technology and have access to quality jobs, better healthcare and skill-based education.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/bridgital-nation-an-extract

 – Chairman, Tata Sons

– Chief Economist; Head, Policy Advocacy, Tata Sons

In evidenza

Public-private partnerships are the key to tackling climate change. Here’s why (WEF)

  • It’s time to back up climate promises with actions.
  • We must address climate adaptation as well as mitigation.
  • Cross-sector partnerships can be the catalyst for the changes we need.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/in-the-fight-against-climate-change-public-private-partnerships-are-the-only-way-to-go/

 – Chairperson, Public Sector Solutions, Swiss Re Management Ltd

In evidenza

Business can be profitable AND drive progress on societal priorities (WEF)

  • Companies can create business models to advance sustainable development.
  • The private sector can help address the world’s biggest problems.
  • Accounting firms developing metrics to measure performance.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/better-business-davos-sustainable-development/

 – Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Bank of America

In evidenza

We need better alignment between climate and trade. Here’s a roadmap (WEF)

  • Trade and climate policy-makers have worked in separate silos for too long.
  • We need to have a deeper conversation around climate change and trade.
  • Leadership and breaking down silos will be key.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/how-can-we-align-climate-and-trade/

 – Senior Researcher, The Graduate Institute, Geneva; Senior Research Associate, Global Economic Governance Programme, University of Oxford

 – Secretary-General, International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

In evidenza

How global tech companies can champion ethical AI (WEF)

  • The ethics of artificial intelligence, or AI, is a critical challenge for the global tech industry.
  • The implementation of robust, ethical AI practices requires diverse knowledge and perspectives.
  • Microsoft’s Responsible AI Champs are domain experts who provide advice and assistance to fellow employees and champion tech ethics in the corporate culture.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/tech-companies-ethics-responsible-ai-microsoft/

 – General Manager of AI Programs, Microsoft

 – Director, Microsoft

 – Senior Attorney, Microsoft Artificial Intelligence and Research, Microsoft

 – Group Program Manager, Microsoft

In evidenza

In rural Bangladesh, solar power is changing lives (WEF)

  • Off-grid solar home systems are improving living standards for people in rural areas of Bangladesh.
  • Bangladesh has one of the world’s largest domestic solar energy programmes.
  • Solar power is changing the lives of 20 million people in rural areas, who can now work, study and go out after dark.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/bangladesh-solar-power-energy-grid-rural-life/

 – Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

This man is installing 100 trash barriers in Bali’s rivers to stop plastic pollution (WEF)

  • Sungai Watch is the latest initiative from Gary and Sam Bencheghib, whose Make a Change platform promotes ocean plastic clean-up.
  • Make a Change has partnered with German tech start-up Plastic Fischer to test floating trash booms for rivers and smaller trash blocks for streams on Bali’s waterways.
  • They want the project to be implemented around the world.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/this-man-is-installing-100-trash-barriers-in-balis-rivers-to-stop-plastic-pollution/

 – Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

Four key challenges for cybersecurity leaders (WEF)

  • Cybersecurity must be built-in to every product and system.
  • Achieving this will pose four challenges for business leaders.
  • By overcoming them, we can create a truly protected digital world.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/four-key-challenges-for-cybersecurity-leaders/

 – Founder, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Fortinet

In evidenza

Germany, France, UK determined to help resolve conflict between US and Iran (TASS)

Germany, France and the United Kingdom have reaffirmed their commitment to diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis between the United States and Iran, the three European countries’ foreign ministers said in a joint statement on Tuesday.

https://tass.com/world/1108339

In evidenza

Iran possesses know-how to set up, repair power plants across Middle East (IRNA)

Director-General of the mother company Satkab affiliated to Iran’s Ministry of Energy Mohammad-Vali Alaeddini said on Tuesday that Iran possesses the know-how to set up or repair power plants throughout the Middle East.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83633797/Iran-possesses-know-how-to-set-up-repair-power-plants-across

In evidenza

China ready to cooperate with Iran in the fight against Narcotics (IRNA)

Chinese State Councilor Zhao Kezhi, also chief of the National Narcotics Control Commission said that China is ready to cooperate and engage with Iran in countering and combating Narcotics.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83633690/China-ready-to-cooperate-with-Iran-in-the-fight-against-Narcotics

In evidenza

Land-use regulation in “superstar” U.S. cities—same old sad story (Fraser Institute)

The key to understanding housing affordability woes in our most expensive cities is understanding the extent that local regulatory environments hamper the construction of new homes. To do this, however, one must first measure local regulatory environments.

https://www.fraserinstitute.org/blogs/land-use-regulation-in-superstar-us-cities-same-old-sad-story

Josef Filipowicz

In evidenza

Engager le dialogue au Sahel : à Pau un revirement stratégique est nécessaire (ICG)

La France et ses partenaires du G5 Sahel se réunissent à Pau lundi 13 janvier pour réaffirmer leur engagement à lutter ensemble contre le terrorisme jihadiste. Pourtant, la réponse militaire n’est pas suffisante. Face à l’ampleur de la menace, il est donc nécessaire de trouver une solution politique.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/fr/africa/sahel/engager-le-dialogue-au-sahel-pau-un-revirement-strategique-est-necessaire

Jean-Hervé Jezequel

In evidenza

China’s new securities law further liberalizes capital market (Global Times)

China’s new securities law, to be effective on March 1, marks another important step in China’s efforts to further liberalize its capital markets whose appeal for Chinese companies and foreign investors is increasing overtime, experts have said.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176755.shtml

In evidenza

Yuan soars as the US reverses China’s currency manipulator label (Global Times)

Chinese currency, the yuan, soared on Tuesday morning as the US reversed its label on China as a “currency manipulator” days before the two countries are expected to sign an initial trade deal in Washington later this week.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176749.shtml

In evidenza

China’s role to be significant for Korean Peninsula’s denuclearization: S. Korean president (Global Times)

China’s role has been and will be very significant in denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula and building a permanent peace on the peninsula, South Korean President Moon Jae-in said on Tuesday.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176759.shtml

In evidenza

Volatile US politics feeds global instability (Global Times)

The Eurasia Group on January 6 published an article titled “Risk 1: Rigged!: Who governs the US?” listing US domestic politics as the top risk in 2020. Although the most surprising event in 2020 so far has been the killing of Iranian Major-General Qasem Soleimani and the ensuing US-Iran tensions, Middle East situation is only placed as the No.8 global risk. It does not prevent US politics from becoming the biggest risk, especially when considering the potential global and long-term impact of the exacerbating Washington-Tehran row.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176784.shtml

By Zhang Tengjun

In evidenza

The Grandiose Dream and Impending Catastrophe of Canal Istanbul (Carnegie Europe)

Canal Istanbul is a truly international and environmental issue, not just a dream-come-true story for Turkey’s leadership.

https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/80787?utm_source=rssemail&utm_medium=email&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiWVRJelpEVTJZek5pTm1aaSIsInQiOiJXSERMV2kxUnQ4ZkRIXC9MSlJIQ1wvS2FLY2o5aVBYNFlldTVzRzlYQ3VUWFwvcWRKQW55aThkb1hzanAzd296MCtKVjI5U2JyY3gwalJsM2F2NVVGUDd0dXQ4U1c1WmlvT3p0emluNmxua3ZKeWdBN0c4aGZXSWVnTnBSMlNhV3lVUyJ9

MARC PIERINI

 

In evidenza

When Both Sides Have Drones, How Do You Know Which Ones to Kill? (Global Times)

The U.S. Army recently tested a system that helps defenders wipe the skies of just the unfriendly aerial robots.

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/01/when-both-sides-have-drones-how-do-you-know-which-ones-kill/162411/?oref=d-river

BY PATRICK TUCKER

In evidenza

Cross-Straits situation needs pragmatism (Global Times)

Taiwan regional leader Tsai Ing-wen won by a landslide in the island’s regional leadership elections, and her Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) took more than half of the “legislative” seats. We should interpret Taiwan’s public opinion objectively to make sure our overall understanding of the Taiwan society is accurate.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176679.shtml

 

In evidenza

Western NGOs seek attention through China bashing (Global Times)

Kenneth Roth, executive director of the US-based Human Rights Watch (HRW), said Sunday on Twitter he was denied entry into Hong Kong where he was scheduled to release the organization’s annual world report. Taking advantage of his entry refusal, Roth launched a barrage of criticism on China on Twitter and through his organization’s statement. This has attracted extensive media coverage and also brought the HRW’s forthcoming report with a focus on China’s “intensifying assault” on human rights into the spotlight.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176681.shtml

By Yu Ning

In evidenza

Eastern mind-set foretells global future (Global Times)

At the beginning of 2020, I have once again been invited by the Observer Research Foundation, a think tank based in India, to attend the Raisina Dialogue, the most influential forum in South Asia, held every year in New Delhi. After coming across this year’s agenda, I am more impressed with the global vision of Indian elites.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176673.shtml

By Wang Wen

In evidenza

Can the US be trusted to end unilateralism with China? (Global Times)

Despite the optimism surrounding the expected signing of the phase one trade deal between China and the US, there has been growing skepticism over how far the deal could go to ease trade tensions between the world’s two largest economies. While some US media outlets have raised questions over whether China will deliver on its commitments, observers from the Chinese side also have their concerns over trusting the US.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176704.shtml

In evidenza

Tsai Ing-wen’s Victory: A Few Initial Notes (CFR)

Although Taiwan’s presidential election seemed, in the middle of last year, like it was going to be a close contest, this past weekend incumbent Tsai Ing-wen, of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), was handily re-elected to a second term in office.

https://www.cfr.org/blog/tsai-ing-wens-victory-few-initial-notes

 by Joshua Kurlantzick

In evidenza

Trump’s Iranian Precipice (Project-Syndicate)

Under President Donald Trump, the United States has no clear objectives regarding Iran, and hence no clearly defined strategy. In the Middle East, the US should have learned by now, that is a recipe for disaster.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-iran-precipice-no-strategy-by-javier-solana-2020-01

Javier Solana, a former EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Secretary-General of NATO, and Foreign Minister of Spain, is currently President of the Esade Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics and Distinguished Fellow at the Brookings Institution.

In evidenza

Past Interest Rates and Future Growth (Project-Syndicate)

In studying the roots of macroeconomic trends across the advanced economies in recent decades, it is tempting to conclude that a declining rate of output growth is the inevitable result of deeper historical forces and intractable structural factors. But secular stagnation is well within our power to reverse.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/real-interest-rates-secular-stagnation-by-willem-buiter-1-2020-01

Willem H. Buiter, a former chief economist at Citigroup, is a visiting professor at Columbia University.

In evidenza

Making Impact Investing Work (Project-Syndicate)

After decades on the margins of finance and philanthropy, impact investing is finally moving into the mainstream, with most major asset-management firms having launched impact-investment funds and strategies. But without stronger standards, greater diversity of players, and a wider focus, a promising shift could become corporate whitewash.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/making-impact-investing-work-by-brian-trelstad-2020-01

Brian Trelstad is a partner at Bridges Fund Management and co-chair of Impact Capital Managers.

In evidenza

Trump’s Near Miss with Iran (Project-Syndicate)

The drone strike that killed Qassem Suleimani not only brought the US and Iran to the brink of war; it exposed for all to see the disarray of US foreign policymaking under President Donald Trump. A majority of Americans think the episode has left the US less safe, and the incompetence displayed by Trump’s team suggests they may be right.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-near-miss-with-iran-by-elizabeth-drew-2020-01

Elizabeth Drew is a Washington-based journalist and the author, most recently, of Washington Journal: Reporting Watergate and Richard Nixon’s Downfall.

In evidenza

Qatar seeks de-escalation between Iran and US: former envoy (IRNA)

Iran’s former OPEC representative Sabah Zanganeh said Qatar is seeking to prevent an escalation between Iran and the United States and gain a better understanding of regional developments though holding meetings the Iranian officials.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83631739/Qatar-seeks-de-escalation-between-Iran-and-US-former-envoy

In evidenza

Iran envoy urges foreign diplomats to hear their own advice (IRNA)

Iranian Ambassador to the UK Hamid Baeidinejad in separate messages referred to Europeans embassies’ advice to their nationals not to attend demonstrations in Iran and the diplomats working in these embassies had better act according to their own suggestions.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83631665/Iran-envoy-urges-foreign-diplomats-to-hear-their-own-advice

In evidenza

Iran welcomes Pakistan’s efforts to promote peace, stability in region (IRNA)

President Hassan Rouhani said late on Sunday that since Iran believes dispute among Muslim states will not benefit anyone, Tehran welcomes Islamabad’s efforts to boost peace and stability in the region.

https://en.irna.ir/news/83631523/Iran-welcomes-Pakistan-s-efforts-to-promote-peace-stability

In evidenza

Share to Gain: Unlocking Data Value in Manufacturing (WEF)

Emerging technologies such as advanced analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) are transforming the world of production. Although manufacturers are making strides in applying data-driven technologies, most focus on applications within their companies and have difficulty maximizing their return on investment. By sharing data across companies, manufacturers can unlock additional value and accelerate innovation. The potential value of data sharing simply by focusing on manufacturing process optimization has been estimated at over $100 billion, based on best practices.

To demonstrate the value of data sharing in manufacturing, this white paper examines five main areas where data sharing can help improve manufacturing operations. Analyzing the collaborations and dynamics behind them, the paper proposes a five-step framework to help manufacturers get started on data sharing. Finally the paper investigates the key enablers for building successful data sharing relationships.

https://www.weforum.org/whitepapers/share-to-gain-unlocking-data-value-in-manufacturing

In evidenza

The Future of the Last-Mile Ecosystem (WEF)

Growing demand for e-commerce delivery will result in 36% more delivery vehicles in inner cities by 2030, leading to a rise in both emissions and traffic congestion without effective intervention. Without effective intervention, urban last-mile delivery emissions and traffic congestion are on track to increase by over 30% in the top 100 cities globally. The Future of the Last-Mile Ecosystem analyses 24 interventions that can reduce emissions, congestion and delivery costs for the urban last-mile. With the ecosystem-wide change, interventions could reduce emissions and traffic congestion by 30%, and delivery cost by 25%, compared to the “do-nothing” scenario.

https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-future-of-the-last-mile-ecosystem

In evidenza

Sustainable finance starts with data (WEF)

  • Where disclosure and data exist, there tends to be record levels of sustainable investing.
  • Financial products related to the Sustainable Development Goals can only be developed once fundamental data is available across companies.
  • Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) data should be treated as fundamental rather than alternative data.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/sustainable-finance-starts-with-data/

 – CEO, Refinitiv

In evidenza

It’s up to all of us to end the dehumanization of disabled people (WEF)

  • Many people still see persons with disabilities (PWD) as objects of pity
  • We can change this paradigm with a collective effort
  • 2020 can be the year we say ‘no!’ to the harrassment of or discrimination against PWD

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/end-dehumanization-of-disabled-people/

 – Psychotherapist, Equal Opportunity Consultant & Advocate for Persons with Disabilities

In evidenza

China encourages Egyptian companies to increase exports to Chinese market (Global Times)

A Chinese delegation from China International Import Expo (CIIE) invited on Sunday more Egyptian companies to join the upcoming CIIE session and seize the chance to increase their exports to the Chinese market.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176592.shtml

In evidenza

China, Zimbabwe should take innovative steps to make bilateral cooperation sustainable (Global Times)

Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Sunday that China and Zimbabwe should keep pace with the times, open up and take innovative steps to make bilateral cooperation and relations more sustainable.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176624.shtml

In evidenza

Informality and weak competition: A deadly cocktail for growth and equity in emerging Latin America (VOX)

Economic growth in Latin America has been persistently lower and more erratic than the emerging economies of Asia, largely due to low productivity borne out of both weak competition and a large informal economy. This column analyses the various factors that have caused these conditions to exist in several Latin American countries, and how policies to counteract them have fared. For significant progress, a detailed strategy of simplifying regulations, easing administrative burdens, encouraging market entry, and reducing trade barriers is required to formalise workers and encourage market competition.

https://voxeu.org/article/informality-and-weak-competition-latin-america

Piritta Sorsa, Jens Arnold, Paula Garda

In evidenza

The past’s long shadow: A network analysis of economic history (VOX)

Economic history is a thriving subset of the field. This column uses network analysis to review the development of the discipline over the last 40 years. It illustrates how economic historians are interconnected through their research, identifies which scholars are the most cited by their peers, and reveals the central debates enlivening the discipline. It also shows that the rapid increase in the number of economic history publications since 2000 has been driven more by research at universities in continental European than by those in the US or UK.

https://voxeu.org/article/network-analysis-economic-history

Gregori Galofré Vilà

In evidenza

Riding through the storm: Lessons and policy implications for policymaking in EMU (VOX)

In December 2019, Marco Buti left the position of Director General for Economic and Financial Affairs at the European Commission at the end of a rough journey through the crisis and its aftermath. In this column, he draws the main lessons out of five key moments in the crisis for the completion of EMU and the appropriate policy mix in the euro area.

https://voxeu.org/article/lessons-and-policy-implications-policymaking-emu

In evidenza

Syria: Failure to renew UN resolution on cross-border aid spells humanitarian disaster (Amnesty International)

Russia and China’s callous use of their veto power to stop the renewal of a UN resolution which expires today, will leave millions of civilians in northern Syria cut off from lifesaving aid, said Amnesty International today.

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/01/syria-failure-to-renew-un-resolution-on-cross-border-aid-spells-humanitarian-disaster/

In evidenza

Côte d’Ivoire: Authorities must uphold the right to fair trial of opposition members and their relatives (Amnesty International)

  • Five members of parliament among the 17 people arrested
  • A brother of presidential candidate Guillaume Soro forcibly disappeared 
  • Security forces searched some detainees’ houses without warrants

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/01/cote-divoire-authorities-must-uphold-the-right-to-fair-trial-of-opposition-members/

In evidenza

La Corée en Afrique. Entre soft power et intérêts économiques (IFRI)

Les relations économiques entre la Corée et l’Afrique ont commencé à se développer à compter de 2006, année qui a marqué un tournant avec le lancement de l’année de l’amitié avec l’Afrique et l’Initiative coréenne pour le développement de l’Afrique.

https://www.ifri.org/fr/publications/notes-de-lifri/coree-afrique-entre-soft-power-interets-economiques

Françoise NICOLAS

In evidenza

Democrats Challenge Trump’s Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Iran (BESA Center)

The US House of Representatives has passed a resolution, initiated by the Democrats, to restrict President Donald Trump’s ability to conduct military operations against Iran. If approved by the Senate, the resolution could adversely affect the US campaign to prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear power and other important security issues in the Middle East.    

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/democrats-challenge-trumps-authority-to-conduct-military-operations-against-iran/

By 

In evidenza

Takeaways from the US Impeachment Imbroglio (BESA Center)

The three impeachments to date in US history (Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, and Donald Trump) and the Nixon impeachment inquiry and resulting presidential resignation shed light on the current Constitutional meaning of impeachment and how it will affect the future relationship between Congress and the executive branch.  Impeachment and conviction as a check by Congress on the president may have been eliminated altogether. The American people no longer trust their political institutions, processes, or politicians to provide accountability.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/trump-impeachment-imbroglio/

By 

In evidenza

Soleimani’s Death Opens Door to Alternative Security Arrangements in the Gulf (BESA Center)

The killing by the US of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani has widened the opening for a potential restructuring of the Gulf’s security architecture.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/soleimani-gulf-security/

By 

In evidenza

The Soleimani Killing: Trump’s New Approach to the War on Terror (BESA Center)

Soft power and coercive diplomacy tools have not worked for almost 20 years against “peaceful Iran” (as Obama used to call it), and America has opted instead to exercise hard power. Trump’s order to kill Qassem Soleimani exposes once again the vast gap between the US and Europe on the problem of Iran.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/soleimani-killing-trump-approach/

By 

In evidenza

Blended finance to relieve African debt risk (Global Times)

In the beginning of 2020, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi started his visit to Africa – a tradition maintained for 30 years. The move has underscored an ever-stronger China-Africa friendship over time. Amid widespread protectionism and unilateralism, China is a determined supporter of Africa’s development.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176547.shtml

By Song Wei

In evidenza

For Apple, alternatives to China pose challenge (Global Times)

It’s a story full of twists and turns. Apple’s contract manufacturing partner Foxconn has refuted reports that it has scrapped a $5 billion investment plan in India, which is what India’s Industries Minister Subhash Desai told the media.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176568.shtml

 

In evidenza

Xi’s visit set to bolster ties with Myanmar (Global Times)

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s upcoming state visit to Myanmar on Friday and Saturday will mark his first foreign visit of this year. It is also the first visit to Myanmar by a Chinese president in 19 years. What’s its significance? Where are China-Myanmar bilateral ties heading? Chen Hai (Chen), Chinese ambassador to Myanmar, accepted a joint interview of several Chinese media outlets on these issues.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176565.shtml

 

In evidenza

China-Myanmar ties attest to vitality of win-win cooperation (Global Times)

When China or the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) it proposed is mentioned together with the names of China’s neighboring countries in Western media reports, there are always words concerning China’s rise and those countries’ destinies.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176571.shtml

By Xu Hailin

In evidenza

China can maintain one-China principle (Global Times)

Some senior diplomats of Western countries, including the US and the UK, congratulated Taiwan regional leader Tsai Ing-wen and her Democratic Progressive Party on their victory in the island’s regional leadership and legislative elections. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s speech of congratulation was more high-profile than that of former secretary of state John Kerry four years ago. They officially sent their congratulations, which is contrary to the one-China principle and sends a wrong signal to Taiwan authorities.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176583.shtml

 

In evidenza

Managing Trafficking in Northern Niger (ICG)

Trafficking – a catch-all term for illicit movement of goods and people – has long sustained livelihoods in northern Niger. But conflicts are emerging due to heightened competition and European pressure to curb migration. Authorities should persevere in managing the extralegal exchange to contain violence.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/sahel/niger/285-managing-trafficking-northern-niger

In evidenza

Seizure of Parliament Plunges Venezuela into Deeper Turmoil (ICG)

The government of Nicolás Maduro has seized control of Venezuela’s parliament, robbing the opposition of its platform for negotiating a way out of the country’s political crisis. An already long, damaging conflict could drag on if outside powers cannot persuade the government to reverse course.

https://www.crisisgroup.org/latin-america-caribbean/andes/venezuela/seizure-parliament-plunges-venezuela-deeper-turmoil

In evidenza

Why the EU schould pay more attention to Taiwan (Clingendael)

As Sino-American rivalry starts to shift from a trade war to full-fledged competition for technological leadership and geopolitical hegemony, tensions are manifesting themselves in various ways.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/why-eu-should-pay-more-attention-taiwan

In evidenza

How to stop Libya’s collapse (Clingendael)

In April 2019, Khalifa Haftar, the militia commander whose forces control much of eastern Libya, began an assault on the capital, Tripoli, in an effort to topple the country’s internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA).

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/how-stop-libyas-collapse

In evidenza

Soleimani’s death: can State actors also be terrorists ? (Clingendael)

Soleimani is no more. The mourners in Iran are in deep grief, while many in for instance Israel and the US feel relief. People all over the planet hold their breath. Nobody knows what could be next.

https://spectator.clingendael.org/en/publication/soleimanis-death-can-state-actors-also-be-terrorists

PETER KNOOPE

In evidenza

Biosecurity: Preparing for the Aftermath of Global Health Crises (Chatham House)

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a reminder that the security of samples taken during global health emergencies is a vital part of safeguarding biosecurity.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/biosecurity-preparing-aftermath-global-health-crises

Professor David R Harper CBE, Benjamin Wakefield

In evidenza

Understanding the dynamics of the Indo-Pacific: US–China strategic competition, regional actors, and beyond (Chatham House)

The first issue of International Affairs in 2020 explores the geopolitics of the ‘Indo-Pacific’ region.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/ia/understanding-dynamics-indo-pacific-us-china-strategic-competition-regional-actors

In evidenza

For Trump, Venezuela Will Remain a Foreign Policy Priority Until Election Day (World Politics Review)

Among the many glaring pieces of unfinished business on President Donald Trump’s foreign policy ledger is Venezuela, where his campaign of “maximum pressure” on President Nicolas Maduro has failed. Venezuelans are preparing to mark the anniversary this month of a policy to oust Maduro that Trump launched with great fanfare and to high expectations nearly a year ago, when he declared Maduro’s presidency “illegitimate” and recognized opposition leader Juan Guaido as Venezuela’s legitimate, interim president. At the time, Trump vowed to restore Venezuelan democracy, declaring that “all options are on the table.”

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28458/for-trump-venezuela-will-remain-a-foreign-policy-priority-until-election-day

In evidenza

What a Freeze on EU Membership Talks Means for the Balkans (World Politics Review)

It was supposed to be a landmark year for the Balkans. In 2019, the European Union was due to give the green light to accession talks with Albania and what is now called North Macedonia. In Serbia, meanwhile, President Aleksandar Vucic saw a rare window for a lasting peace deal with Kosovo, 20 years after the war that led to Kosovo’s independence.

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28459/what-a-freeze-on-membership-talks-means-for-the-eu-balkans?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=03949853d0-Daily_Free_01092020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-03949853d0-64207257&mc_cid=03949853d0&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

How the Murder of a Journalist in Malta Exposed Europe’s Corruption Problem (World Politics Review)

Investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia spent her career cataloguing what she believed to be endemic corruption among the political elite in Malta, the European Union’s smallest member state. When she was murdered in a car bomb in October 2017, it was, in the words of one of her three sons, “an assassination to match the scale of the crimes on which she was reporting.”

https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/28457/in-malta-corruption-led-to-a-journalist-s-murder-it-s-time-for-the-eu-to-act?utm_source=WPR+Free+Newsletter&utm_campaign=03949853d0-Daily_Free_01092020&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6e36cc98fd-03949853d0-64207257&mc_cid=03949853d0&mc_eid=eee1e65047

In evidenza

How to Save the Open Skies Treaty (Carnegie Europe)

The multilateral arms control agreement that allows countries to fly unarmed surveillance aircraft over each other’s territory cannot afford to be torn up—but only a big transatlantic effort can save it.

https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/80738?utm_source=rssemail&utm_medium=email&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiTlRobFpHVTJaV0UyTXpnNSIsInQiOiIwRTNDWXpMODVycUk2N01idytBa1F6d1hMNXlIancza0ZhNW1VTXVGdGhzXC9lS1FmK3Y2a1RyQVlFb3kzTGEwQXB0QllORWhYY1VqQjlNZkRJTURtb1Exb25iK0xpc1lmdXlGSkdabmU4a0FcL1dVa1wvQTg2ZVVRYXBZNkl5aEJ2TiJ9

    DOMINIK P. JANKOWSKI

 

In evidenza

Europe’s Dangerous Irrelevance in Washington and the Middle East (Carnegie Europe)

The Europeans have neither the political will nor military means to contain the fallout of the assassination of Iranian Quds Force leader Qassem Soleimani.

https://carnegieeurope.eu/strategiceurope/80715?utm_source=rssemail&utm_medium=email&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiTlRobFpHVTJaV0UyTXpnNSIsInQiOiIwRTNDWXpMODVycUk2N01idytBa1F6d1hMNXlIancza0ZhNW1VTXVGdGhzXC9lS1FmK3Y2a1RyQVlFb3kzTGEwQXB0QllORWhYY1VqQjlNZkRJTURtb1Exb25iK0xpc1lmdXlGSkdabmU4a0FcL1dVa1wvQTg2ZVVRYXBZNkl5aEJ2TiJ9

JUDY DEMPSEY

 

In evidenza

Politics shouldn’t step into China-Australia educational ties (Global Times)

Many Chinese students’ visa applications to Australia have been blocked. 135 Chinese PhD candidates and 30 visiting students wrote a joint letter to the Global Times recently, claiming that they have been waiting for visas for months or even over a year after being accepted by Australian universities.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176311.shtml

By Ai Jun

In evidenza

Revolutionary SOE reform taking place (Global Times)

Despite China-US trade tensions and some new skepticism about the direction of China’s reforms, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are set to change radically. A new large-scale reorganization is about to begin, and it could revolutionize the efficiency of the sector and boost overall national growth.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176273.shtml

By Zhang Tianwei

In evidenza

China can work with Russia, EU to save Iran nuclear deal (Global Times)

Iran launched several missiles at US military bases in Iraq early on Wednesday. The attack was Tehran’s retaliation rather than declaration of war on Washington. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif confirmed this on his Twitter account hours after the attack.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1176279.shtml

In evidenza

After Years of NATO-Bashing, Trump Asks Allies for Help with Iran (Defense One)

But Britain, Germany, and France believe that everyone’s interests are best served by the nuclear deal Trump hates.

https://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2020/01/trump-asks-nato-allies-help-iran-after-years-bashing-alliance/162329/?oref=d-river

BY KLAUS W. LARRES

In evidenza

US, Iran Back Away From Conflict—For Now (Defense One)

The crisis appears to be cooling, at least for now, as U.S. lawmakers — and presumably the president — return their focus to the looming impeachment trial in the Senate.

https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2020/01/us-iran-back-away-conflict-now/162324/?oref=d-river

BY KATIE BO WILLIAMS

In evidenza

The next wave of consumer advocacy (WEF)

  • Consumer rights developed thanks to grass-roots networks putting pressure on companies.
  • Today they cover treatment and protection of the consumer experience, as well as the safety and sustainability of our health and environment.
  • Consumer advocacy can play a role in instigating the changes required to tackle the climate crisis.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/next-wave-consumer-advocacy/

 – Director-General, Consumers International

 – Head of Digital Change, Consumers International

In evidenza

Inequality triggered protests across Latin America. Here’s how the youth can help (WEF)

  • Latin America has been plunged into a state of socio-political uncertainty.
  • Inequality has increased over the past two decades of growth.
  • Young people must lead the reinvention of Latin America.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/inequality-triggered-protests-latin-america-2019/

 – Responsible for Innovation Projects, ConQuito

 – Research Specialist for Innovation Projects, ConQuito

In evidenza

Want a sustainable business? Hire in talent (WEF)

  • Few companies have embraced sustainability in their hiring processes.
  • Businesses should learn from the digital shift and hire in talent with new skills.
  • The way companies select leaders will have a lasting impact on our progress toward sustainability goals.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/want-a-sustainable-business-hire-in-talent/

 – CEO, Russell Reynolds

In evidenza

Here’s how to rebut the climate doom-mongers (WEF)

  • Despite increasingly doom-laden projections, the global economy now realizes it must contribute towards a sustainable future
  • Many technological and industrial solutions to our problems already exist
  • With ambition and will, we can build a low-carbon world together

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/heres-how-to-rebut-the-climate-doom-mongers/

 – Chief Executive Officer, Covestro

In evidenza

Questions directors need to ask in the age of stakeholder capitalism (WEF)

  • Shareholder capitalism is making way for stakeholder capitalism.
  • Not taking this approach can, for some companies, seriously threaten their licence to operate.
  • Companies need to look at how robust and fit for purpose their stakeholder governance is.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/what-is-the-role-of-directors-in-the-age-of-stakeholder-capitalism/

 – Global Chair, Baker McKenzie

 – Partner; Head, Corporate Governance, Baker McKenzie

 – Chief Strategy Officer; Member of the Global Executive Committee, Baker McKenzie

In evidenza

Is corporation tax good or bad for growth? (WEF)

  • Business requires a stable society to which it should contribute.
  • Business pays taxes on production, people, property and environmental impact, as well as income.
  • A tax system needs to be crafted to incentivize investment and growth, through dialogue with all stakeholders.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/corporation-tax-good-or-bad-for-growth/

 – Partner; Global Head, Tax, KPMG

 – Head of Global Tax Policy, KPMG

In evidenza

How 5G and the Internet of Things can create a winning business (WEF)

  • The Internet of Things (IoT) can allow companies to maximize business value – sensors, software and other technologies in physical assets can connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the internet.
  • This will drive innovation and greater efficiencies in all areas of business, from design to manufacturing.
  • Smarter, 5G and IoT-connected businesses will also help fight climate change by reducing their carbon emissions.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/what-does-5g-and-the-internet-of-things-mean-for-business/

 – Senior Vice President and Head of Business Area Technologies & New Businesses, Ericsson

In evidenza

Banks and businesses must step up and work together to fight climate change (WEF)

  • Standard Chartered aims to track and reduce the climate impact of the activities it finances
  • By openly sharing its methodology, the bank hopes others in the sector will follow suit
  • Transparency makes great business – as well as environmental – sense

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/its-time-for-banks-and-businesses-to-step-up-in-the-fight-against-climate-change/

 – Group Chief Executive Officer, Standard Chartered Bank

 – Director, Global Events, Standard Chartered Bank

In evidenza

Here’s how retailers can encourage more sustainable behaviour (WEF)

  • Retailers have a unique opportunity to encourage positive behavioural change
  • The key is to make it easier for consumers to make better choices
  • The prize can be healthier and more sustainable lifestyles for all

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/01/heres-how-companies-can-encourage-more-sustainable-behaviour/

 – Chief Executive Officer, Shopping Malls, Majid Al Futtaim

In evidenza

Why Australia Is Burning (Project-Syndicate)

Many commentators have responded to Australia’s severe bushfire season by sounding the alarm about global warming. But while climate volatility certainly poses a threat to Australia, the more immediate cause of this year’s massive fires is poor land and forest management.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/australia-bushfires-2020-by-ramesh-thakur-2020-01

Ramesh Thakur, a former United Nations assistant secretary-general, is Emeritus Professor at the Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University. He is the author of The United Nations, Peace and Security: From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect.

In evidenza

The Spanish Left Takes Center Stage (Project-Syndicate)

Spain’s new coalition government will face significant challenges as it tries to reconcile a left-wing agenda with the need for fiscal sustainability. It will also have to confront the “Catalan question” and other sources of political polarization – and all with a razor-thin majority.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/spain-socialist-podemos-coalition-by-xavier-vives-2020-01

Xavier Vives is Professor of Economics at IESE Business School.

In evidenza

Trump’s Gift to China (Project-Syndicate)

If anyone was celebrating Donald Trump’s decision to kill Iran’s General Qassem Suleimani, it was Chinese President Xi Jinping. After all, escalating tensions with Iran will distract the US from its competition with China, just as the 9/11 attacks did a generation ago.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/us-iran-conflict-china-benefits-by-minxin-pei-2020-01

Minxin Pei is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College and a non-resident senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

In evidenza

America’s Dangerous Iran Obsession (Project-Syndicate)

The US, seemingly with no awareness of its recent history with Iran, and led by an emotionally unbalanced president who believes he may commit murder and get away with it, is still acting out a 40-year-old psychological trauma. As usual, it’s others who are most at risk.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/america-dangerous-obsession-with-iran-by-jeffrey-d-sachs-2020-01

Jeffrey D. Sachs, Professor of Sustainable Development and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University, is Director of Columbia’s Center for Sustainable Development and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. His books include The End of PovertyCommon WealthThe Age of Sustainable DevelopmentBuilding the New American Economy, and most recently, A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism.

In evidenza

2019: The Beginning of the End of the Open Internet Era (CFR)

In the next decade, China will establish a separate root system for their share of the internet. This will mark the end of the global internet era. When the root splits, the United States and its allies should establish a coalition of democratic nations that would offer a stark choice and clear alternative to the Chinese internet governance model for the rest of the world.

https://www.cfr.org/blog/2019-beginning-end-open-internet-era

 by Robert K. Knake

In evidenza

Bridging the real gaps in sustainability policies in 2020 (Clingedael)

2019 has been a moving year in international as well as national sustainability policies. More people than ever before seem to realise that there are very important decisions at stake that in the near future will fundamentally change the world as we know it.

https://spectator.clingendael.org/en/publication/bridging-real-gaps-sustainability-policies-2020

Stephan Slingerland, Senior Visiting Fellow at the Clingendael Institute

In evidenza

Brexit in 2020: just getting started (Clingendael)

When it comes to Brexit, British politics has often felt like it is the blind leading the blind. It is easy to lose track of the many times the UK and its government have lacked a strategy, set unrealistic ambitions, made political missteps, and have shown a total pig-headed unwillingness to look facts in the face.

https://spectator.clingendael.org/en/publication/brexit-2020-just-getting-started

Tim Oliver – Senior Lecturer at Loughborough University London

In evidenza

Resetting NATO and European strategic autonomy (Clingendael)

NATO’s 70th birthday party in London on 3-4 December left the impression of an Alliance in political disarray. It resembled not a brain-dead NATO à la Macron, but certainly an Alliance suffering from a serious illness. It looks like the patient will not recover very soon. Hope is instead vested in one of the few decisions taken at the London Leaders’ Meeting, to task a group of wise persons to reflect on the patient’s ailments and potential cures. The diagnosis is aimed at strengthening the political dimension of the Alliance.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/resetting-nato-and-european-strategic-autonomy

Dick Zandee

In evidenza

No time like the present for democratic reform in Iraq (Clingendael)

Fall in Iraq brought along with it the death of more than 300 protesters and security personnel in what has become the country’s largest wave of protests since 2003. The protests started off as modest and focused on improving services and providing job opportunities. But with the rise of violence, and the unexpected, government crackdown through the use of live ammunition against civilians, the breadth of protesters’ demands only expanded, and so did the use of violence against them creating a situation which has resulted in a political impasse.  Many recommendations were put forward to contain the widespread anger, but the government – paralyzed by significant party interests and foreign agendas – has not been able to meet protesters’ demands. The protesters also seem to lack an organized leadership, despite their ability to unite under one goal: good governance and the rule of law. This piece attempts to look at Iraq within its regional context and to provide an overview of the past sixteen years to argue why the need for democratic reform is imminent.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/no-time-present-democratic-reform-iraq

Al-Hamzeh Al-Shadeedi

In evidenza

European seaports and Chinese strategic influence (Clingendael)

Chinese investments in European seaports have increased rapidly in recent years. This process has triggered a debate in Europe on the significance of, and how to deal with, growing Chinese influence in European ports. This process is part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – in particular its maritime component, the Maritime Silk Road (MSR) – and is among the economic and geopolitical effects of China’s growing role in global affairs. The MSR and the debate on Chinese port activities are highly relevant for the Netherlands, which is a major hub for trade between Western Europe and the rest of the world, and hosts Europe’s largest seaport.

https://www.clingendael.org/publication/european-seaports-and-chinese-strategic-influence-0

Frans-Paul van der Putten

In evidenza

Implications of the British Election for Jews and Israel (BESA Center)

The British election returned a resounding mandate to the Conservative Party and decimated the antisemitism-wracked Labour Party. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn was exposed as unlikeable and incompetent, and as the facilitator of a massive upswing in antisemitism within the party—all of which was rejected by voters. The lesson for the US Democratic Party is that punitive leftism and overt antisemitism are unacceptable, though divisions within the American Jewish community mute that message. For Israel, the lesson is to try to remain as bipartisan as possible, though that won’t be easy.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/britain-election-jews-israel/

By 

In evidenza

Four Lessons a Post-Brexit Britain Can Learn from Israel (BESA Center)

A post-Brexit scenario requires long-term strategic thinking by the British establishment. The parallels between the situation of Israel in the Middle East and the eventual position of Britain vis-à-vis a federal European state offer lessons and suggest opportunities. If Britain acts on these lessons, it is more likely to flourish despite the economic and political pressure European leaders may try to exert on it in Brexit’s wake.

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/post-brexit-britain-israel/

By 

In evidenza

Book Review: After ISIS by Seth Frantzman (BESA Center)

October 27, 2019 marked the death of infamous “Caliph” Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Once his demise had been confirmed, optimistic media voices asserted that the last chapter of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) had been written. The western world very much wants to believe we are living in a new, post-ISIS era. But are we?

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/review-after-isis-frantzman/

By 

In evidenza

China’s Civilizational Challenge (Project-Syndicate)

Far from enabling China’s peaceful reunification, the “one country, two systems” model for governing Hong Kong is undermining it. Perhaps this was inevitable: the Chinese state, built on a millennia-old paradigm of political order, cannot cope with intra-governmental conflict.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/hong-kong-protests-failed-one-country-two-systems-formula-by-chin-huat-wong-2019-12

Chin-Huat Wong is a professor of political science at the Jeffrey Sachs Center on Sustainable Development at Sunway University in Malaysia

In evidenza

Not Another Arab Spring (Project-Syndicate)

Today’s Arab protesters have adjusted their tactics and objectives to reflect the lessons of the Arab Spring. But whether they can overcome the resistance of their governments’ repressive apparatuses to secure genuine governance improvements remains far from certain.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/drivers-of-arab-protests-in-lebanon-iraq-iran-algeria-egypt-by-shlomo-ben-ami-2019-12

Shlomo Ben-Ami, a former Israeli foreign minister, is Vice President of the Toledo International Center for Peace. He is the author of Scars of War, Wounds of Peace: The Israeli-Arab Tragedy.

In evidenza

Is Huawei Really More Dangerous than Facebook? (Project-Syndicate)

US President Donald Trump’s campaign against leading Chinese technology companies is driven by legitimate concerns. But are they so different from the worries that democratic societies should have about American social-media and technology companies?

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/personal-data-facebook-more-dangerous-than-huawei-by-ngaire-woods-2019-12

Ngaire Woods is Dean of the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford

In evidenza

China and the West Race to the Top (Project-Syndicate)

Although macroeconomic stability and efficient markets are essential conditions for economic growth, they do not drive it. If the West wants to compete effectively against China and other fast-growing Asian countries, governments need to make innovation central to their economic policies.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/western-economies-china-innovation-race-value-added-by-david-sainsbury-2019-12

David Sainsbury, a member of the British House of Lords, was Minister of Science and Innovation under Tony Blair (from 1998 to 2006), and is the author of Progressive Capitalism: How to Achieve Economic Growth, Liberty, and Social Justice.

In evidenza

America’s Impeachment Struggle (Project-Syndicate)

Donald J. Trump is the third president in US history to be impeached. Whatever the impact on his prospects for re-election in 2020, the more important question is what long-term consequences impeachment will have for US democracy.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/podcasts/america-s-impeachment-struggle

Noah Feldman is the Felix Frankfurter Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, and one of the legal scholars who testified before Congress during the impeachment hearings for Donald J. Trump – Elmira Bayrasli is the co-founder and CEO of Foreign Policy Interrupted and the author of From The Other Side of The World: Extraordinary Entrepreneurs, Unlikely Places

In evidenza

The Post-American Middle East (Project-Syndicate)

The Trump administration is learning that pulling back from the Middle East is neither easy nor without risks and costs. What is needed is clear: greater US readiness to use limited military force, if necessary, and a willingness to pair sanctions with diplomacy.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/post-american-middle-east-by-richard-n-haass-2019-12

Richard N. Haass, President of the Council on Foreign Relations, previously served as Director of Policy Planning for the US State Department (2001-2003), and was President George W. Bush’s special envoy to Northern Ireland and Coordinator for the Future of Afghanistan. He is the author of A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order.

In evidenza

Elizabeth Warren’s Bold Ideas Don’t Go Far Enough (Project-Syndicate)

For decades, US median household wages have barely budged, and politicians on both the left and right have lost sight of what drives a modern economy. What America needs are policies to shape the direction of technological development and restore workers’ bargaining power.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/good-jobs-agenda-us-by-daron-acemoglu-2019-12

Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics at MIT, is co-author (with James A. Robinson) of Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty and The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty.

In evidenza

Grand opportunities for Australia’s hydrogen industry – and for a strategic regional rebalancing (East Asia Forum)

Grand opportunities for Australia’s hydrogen industry – and for a strategic regional rebalancing

Elizabeth Thurbon, UNSW, Sung-Young Kim and John Mathews, Macquarie University, Hao Tan, University of Newcastle

In evidenza

Mapping European leverage in the MENA region: Egypt (Brookings)

Since the removal of Hosni Mubarak as Egypt’s president in 2011, Europe’s objectives and influence in the country have undergone a series of fluctuations. Under Mubarak, Egypt had a fairly straightforward relationship with Europe. This relationship was grounded in the realpolitik of authoritarian stability – which European countries relied on to further their economic and security interests across the Middle East and north Africa – and on Mubarak’s friendships with several European leaders.

https://www.ecfr.eu/specials/mapping_eu_leverage_mena/egypt

Adel Abdel Ghafar

In evidenza

Mapping European Leverage in the MENA region: Morocco (Brookings)

The Moroccan regime, led by King Mohammed VI, rules over a country lacking in energy resources and plagued by persistent socioeconomic problems and a long-running territorial dispute over Western Sahara (a territory to which it has a pre-colonial claim). Morocco sees the European Union as a key source of support in addressing these problems. This gives the EU significant influence in Morocco – even as the country moves to strengthen its hand in the relationship.

https://www.ecfr.eu/specials/mapping_eu_leverage_mena/morocco

Yasmina Abouzzohour

In evidenza

The Green Deal will make or break Europe (ECFR)

The European Union’s new leadership has decided to invest much of its political capital in a plan to position Europe as the global leader in the transition to a carbon-neutral economy. But if too many constituencies feel as though they are being sacrificed on a green alter, the plan will never even get off the ground.

https://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_green_deal_will_make_or_break_europe

Mark Leonard

In evidenza

Six Tax-Based Ways to Tackle US Inequality (Project-Syndicate)

Some of the leading candidates for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination have proposed radical measures to reduce inequality, such as a wealth tax. But there are many other progressive tax policies that would be both easier to enforce and more likely to get a Democratic candidate elected.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/united-states-inequality-six-tax-proposals-by-jeffrey-frankel-2019-12

Jeffrey Frankel, Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at Harvard University, previously served as a member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers. He is a research associate at the US National Bureau of Economic Research, where he is a member of the Business Cycle Dating Committee, the official US arbiter of recession and recovery.

In evidenza

Narendra Modi’s Second Partition of India (Project-Syndicate)

Democratic India has never had a religious test for citizenship – until now. And the new amendment to the citizenship law approved by the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party is just one more brick in an edifice of official Islamophobic bigotry.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/modi-islamophobia-second-partition-of-india-by-shashi-tharoor-2019-12

Shashi Tharoor, a former UN under-secretary-general and former Indian Minister of State for External Affairs and Minister of State for Human Resource Development, is an MP for the Indian National Congress. He is the author of Pax Indica: India and the World of the 21st Century.

In evidenza

A Post-Election Reckoning for British Politics (Project-Syndicate)

Leaving the European Union on January 31, 2020, will be UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s repayment of the debt he owes to the many Labour supporters who “lent” his Conservatives their votes. But “getting Brexit done” won’t be enough for the Tories to hold on to their parliamentary seats.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/british-election-reckoning-for-conservatives-and-labour-by-robert-skidelsky-2019-12

Robert Skidelsky, a member of the British House of Lords, is Professor Emeritus of Political Economy at Warwick University. The author of a three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, he began his political career in the Labour party, became the Conservative Party’s spokesman for Treasury affairs in the House of Lords, and was eventually forced out of the Conservative Party for his opposition to NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999.

In evidenza

Solidarity with Refugees Has a New Blueprint (Project-Syndicate)

In recent years, responsibility-sharing – the foundation of the modern international system for protecting refugees – is replaced by responsibility-shifting, usually onto countries that are least able to cope. The Global Compact on Refugees could be the key to changing this.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/global-compact-on-refugees-forum-by-filippo-grandi-2019-12

Filippo Grandi is United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

In evidenza

From start-up to scale: This is how governments can accelerate innovation and build inclusive economies (WEF)

Innovation is at the heart of economic growth and job creation. It can transform productivity and efficiency and address many of the world’s longstanding and emerging challenges, such as climate change, health, education and social inclusiveness.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/11/innovation-startup-scale-investment-policies-inclusive-economies/

 – Senior Writer, Formative Content

In evidenza

Corporate Tax, Digitalization and Globalization (WEF)

Digitalization enables companies to interact with users and the economy of a country without establishing a physical presence there. Unique, intangible assets make it difficult to apply the arm’s length principle in determining how to value transactions between related entities in different countries. Tax competition among countries and remaining opportunities for profit shifting to low tax jurisdictions have raised concerns.

As countries seek to reform international corporate tax rules to address these issues, this paper supports informed debate among non-experts. It has been produced with the input of a diverse group of individuals representing governments, corporations, civil society organizations, and academia.

https://www.weforum.org/whitepapers/corporate-tax-digitalization-and-globalization

 

In evidenza

Press conference by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg following the meeting of the North Atlantic Council at the level of Heads of State and/or Government (NATO)

Good afternoon.

We have just had a good and important discussion with the Leaders of the NATO Allied countries. We have marked the anniversary of our Alliance. Which has guaranteed peace and security for all Allies for seventy years.  And we have looked to the future. Our meeting has once again demonstrated that NATO remains the only place where Europe and North America discuss, decide and act every day together.  On strategic issues that concern our shared security.

https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/opinions_171554.htm

In evidenza

Tehran Might Be Preparing to Withdraw from the 2015 Nuclear Agreement (BESA Center)

Iranian president Hassan Rouhani’s recent announcement of the renewal of uranium enrichment at the Fordow fuel enrichment plant, as well as high-level Iranian gloating about recent progress in the development and operation of uranium enrichment centrifuges, may indicate that Tehran intends to withdraw from the 2015 nuclear agreement and effect a breakout toward nuclear weapons production in 2020. 

https://besacenter.org/perspectives-papers/tehran-might-be-preparing-to-withdraw-from-the-2015-nuclear-agreement/

By 

In evidenza

Can Iran Outlast Trump? (Project-Syndicate)

Rather than attempting to beat Iran into submission with escalating economic sanctions, the international community should be attempting to guide it toward greater openness. Such an approach would improve the prospects of successful negotiations with the West, both before and after the 2020 US presidential election.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/trump-sanctions-strengthening-iran-hardliners-by-djavad-salehi-isfahani-2019-11

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani is Professor of Economics at Virginia Tech, Senior Fellow for Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institution, and a research fellow at the Economic Research Forum (ERF) in Cairo

In evidenza

Macron Alone (Project-Syndicate)

Since taking office in 2017, French President Emmanuel Macron has cultivated an image as a champion of the European Union at a time of shifting global power balances and resurgent populism. But his latest diplomatic efforts risk alienating Germany and other key EU players.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/macron-pushing-europe-too-far-by-slawomir-sierakowski-2019-11

Sławomir Sierakowski, founder of the Krytyka Polityczna movement, is Director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Warsaw and Senior Fellow at the German Council on Foreign Relations

In evidenza

China’s Quest for Legitimacy (Project-Syndicate)

The conventional Western view is that China faces the alternatives of integrating with the West, trying to destroy it, or succumbing to domestic violence and chaos. But the Chinese scholar Lanxin Xiang instead proposes a constitutional regime based on a modernized Confucianism.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/china-political-legitimacy-modern-confucianism-by-robert-skidelsky-2019-12

Robert Skidelsky, a member of the British House of Lords, is Professor Emeritus of Political Economy at Warwick University. The author of a three-volume biography of John Maynard Keynes, he began his political career in the Labour party, became the Conservative Party’s spokesman for Treasury affairs in the House of Lords, and was eventually forced out of the Conservative Party for his opposition to NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999

In evidenza

How to Tax the Super Rich (Project-Syndicate)

Does the solution to widening economic inequality lie in a wealth tax? We speak to Emmanuel Saez, an adviser to Elizabeth Warren who helped design the “Ultra-Millionaire Tax” plan.

https://www.project-syndicate.org/podcasts/how-to-tax-the-super-rich

Emmanuel Saez is the Director of the Center for Equitable Growth at the University of California at Berkeley. He is a recipient of the John Bates Clark medal, awarded to economists under 40 who have made a significant contribution to the economics field, and co-author, with Gabriel Zucman, of Triumph of Injustice: How the Rich Dodge Taxes and How to Make Them Pay – Elmira Bayrasli is the co-founder and CEO of Foreign Policy Interrupted and the author of From The Other Side of The World: Extraordinary Entrepreneurs, Unlikely Places

In evidenza

HK police to recruit 1,815 officers to deal with unrest (Global Times)

Hong Kong police aim to recruit 1,815 officers by March in a bid to better safeguard the city which has been troubled by six months of social unrest, and encourage those who share the city’s determination to uphold the rule of law and protect the city to join the service.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171939.shtml

In evidenza

Chinese military exploring new ways of replenishment support at sea (Global Times)

The Taihu, a military supply ship, conducted a replenishment docking with civilian container ship Fuzhou in an offshore area in mid-November amid the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) exploration of new ways to replenish ships at sea, the PLA Daily reported Monday.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171945.shtml

In evidenza

UNEP chief lauds China for global leadership in tackling climate crisis (Global Times)

China has become an important global partner in addressing the current climate crisis as the country demonstrates concrete ways to achieve a low-carbon future, chief of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has said.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171941.shtml

In evidenza

Spy case flip-flop reveals anti-China bias (Global Times)

Wang Liqiang, a self-claimed high-level Chinese spy who defected to Australia, seems to have been having trouble backing up his story. According to the latest news, Australian security agencies concluded that Wang might be at most “a bit player on the fringes of the espionage community.” Some Australian media outlets even described this case as a “spy farce.”

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171878.shtml

 

In evidenza

US again scuppers international cooperation on women’s rights (Global Times)

Thirty-seven Asia-Pacific countries on Friday voted to adopt the Asia-Pacific Declaration on Advancing Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment: Beijing+25 Review, an outcome that was hoped to be a consensus document but received last minute objections from the US.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171864.shtml

By Mu Lu

In evidenza

China needs fiscal, monetary stimulus to sustain growth (Global Times)

When a significant economy like China’s faces an outlook of an evident slowdown, an economist’s common-sense response would be to ram up the magnitude of fiscal stimulus, and simultaneously cut taxes and fees for the middle class so they will have more in their pockets to shop and activate domestic spending.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171890.shtml

By Li Hong

In evidenza

Can Germany transcend ideological difference to form realistic China policy? (Global Times)

The Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Germany – the country’s ruling party whose former leader is German Chancellor Angela Merkel – held a conference on November 22 and 23 in Leipzig. The party made decisions on major issues including the candidate selection process and pension reform. Amid complicated international situation and volatile German politics, the CDU conference plays a significant role in German development and clarifies the country’s role in its future internal and foreign affairs.

http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1171851.shtml

By Mao Xiaohong

In evidenza

Bangladeshi Migrants Return Home from Libya With IOM’s Assistance (IOM)

More than 150 Bangladeshi migrants including conflict wounded, survivors of failed sea crossings to Europe and former detainees returned home from Libya Thursday morning with the assistance of the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR) programme.

https://www.iom.int/news/bangladeshi-migrants-return-home-libya-ioms-assistance

In evidenza

After ISIL, Agricultural Production Struggles to Recover in Parts of Iraq (IOM)

The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) occupied large swathes of Iraqi territory between 2014 and 2017. The consequences of this occupation are still being felt in many rural areas where agricultural production was used as both a source of political propaganda and income, or destroyed as the group was forced out, a new IOM report says.

https://www.iom.int/news/after-isil-agricultural-production-struggles-recover-parts-iraq

In evidenza

The aggregate and distributional effects of financial globalisation (VOX)

Free trade has contributed to a ‘great convergence’ of emerging market countries toward incomes in industrialised nations in recent decades. It is less clear whether free mobility of capital across national boundaries has conferred similar benefits. This column presents evidence suggesting that the gains in average incomes have been – at best – small, while increases in income inequality and the decline in the labour share of income have been significant. Financial globalisation thus poses far more difficult equity-efficiency trade-offs than free trade and should be at the centre of debates about how to make globalisation inclusive.

https://voxeu.org/article/aggregate-and-distributional-effects-financial-globalisation

Davide Furceri, Prakash Loungani, Jonathan D. Ostry

In evidenza

Systemic consequences of outsourcing to the cloud (VOX)

Financial institutions are increasingly outsourcing information technology to the cloud, motivated by efficiency, security, and cost. This column argues that the consequence is likely to be short- and medium-term stability at the cost of the increased likelihood of catastrophic systemic events. Cloud providers are systemically important and should be regulated as such.

https://voxeu.org/article/systemic-consequences-outsourcing-cloud

Jon Danielsson, Robert Macrae

In evidenza

The China Shock and employment in Portuguese firms: The role of labour market regulations (VOX)

China’s rise as an export powerhouse has affected labour markets across the Western world, but the effects appear to differ dramatically across countries. This column evaluates the impact of rising Chinese exports on Portuguese employment, finding that labour market effects are shaped by indirect competition and labour market regulation.

https://voxeu.org/article/china-shock-and-employment-portuguese-firms

Lee Branstetter, Brian Kovak, Jackie Mauro, Ana Venâncio

In evidenza

Chile’s insurgency and the end of neoliberalism (VOX)

In a few decades, Chile experienced dramatic economic growth and the fastest reduction of inequality in the region. Yet, many Chilean citizens feel that inequality has greatly increased. Such feelings of ‘malestar’ triggered the violent social unrest of October 2019. This paper explains this seeming paradox by differentiating ‘vertical’ (income) inequality from ‘horizontal’ (social) inequality. It argues that the neoliberalism that created Chile’s economic growth is no longer effective and that Chile may be headed towards adopting a welfare state model.

https://voxeu.org/article/chile-s-insurgency-and-end-neoliberalism

Sebastian Edwards