On World Refugee Day, we recognise the plight of the 25 million people who have been forced to flee their countries, to stand with them in solidarity and to appreciate the benefits that they have brought, or can bring to many economies. There are numerous studies that demonstrate the various economic benefits that accepting refugees can bring, and one of the most important from the receiving government’s point of view is the potential for refugees to become net fiscal contributors.
Each year tens of thousands of children make the difficult journey from Central America to the U.S. border—some with family members and some alone. Amidst a heated and emotional debate about the “right way” to handle these migrants, we need to make sure we’re paying attention to the hard facts about why so many children are coming.
Last week, CGD hosted the US Agency for International Development (USAID) for the first public presentation of the agency’s new “Journey to Self-Reliance” metrics. Launched by USAID Administrator Mark Green, the Journey to Self-Reliance is a new strategic approach that aims to more systematically orient the agency’s programming toward building countries’ capacity to address their own development challenges. A key component of this effort is a set of metrics that seeks to assess individual countries’ progress along this journey. After USAID’s Susan Fine and Chris Maloney provided an overview of the indicators and their relationship to the Journey to Self-Reliance, my colleagues Sarah Rose and Erin Collinson, along with AidData’s Brad Parks, kicked off a panel discussion that examined the indicators, posed key questions about how USAID will use them, and explored the merits and limitations of using country-level quantitative metrics.
It’s crunch time for the Global Compact for Migration. The final text is to be locked by the end of July, ahead of the Compact’s adoption slated for December 2018 in Morocco. I’ve spent a chunk of this year up in New York talking with the negotiators about their frustrations and triumphs.
Land transformation has been at the centre of economic growth of post-colonial, Asian nation-states. While their political reforms and economic policies have focused on land governance, the outcomes have resulted in promoting privatisation and speculative business interest in ecologically sensitive landscapes that are also under diverse forms of common use by resource-dependent communities. A three-year study undertaken to understand community-level responses to land use transformation in India, Indonesia and Myanmar shows that the current scale and approach of land–intensive development in these large democracies is facilitated by fast-paced, top down policy changes. These policies are ‘stacked’ (when multiple layers of current and revoked laws are simultaneously in use) rather than integrated and their implementation is the responsibility of various authorities and agencies that overlap.
Watch the full video (above) of the special talk on ‘Leading Digital Transformation and Innovation’, featuring Prof. Soumitra Dutta and Prof. Ambuj Sagar as part of the ‘Metamorphoses-Talking Technology’ series. This talk analysed how digital technology has enabled a more widespread start-up culture with reference to India and the US; its impact on public goods like health, education and micro-finance; the viable business models in this space; and digital technology as an enabling and empowering instrument for women.
More than any other challenge facing Europe today, the ongoing migration crisis has the potential to destroy the European project. Rather than debating European Commission diktats and lamenting member states’ rebelliousness, EU leaders must consider fresh approaches, including third-country disembarkation platforms.
In just the past few months, Donald Trump has taken a wrecking ball to the US-led post-war order and many of America’s most important alliances. But it is worth remembering that Trump is merely a symptom of a much larger historical realignment that will continue long after he is gone.
The rise of extreme populism in Europe is coming at the expense of traditional center-right and center-left parties and putting the European Union at risk. But the populist threat could induce a restructuring of European politics that ultimately bolsters the EU’s legitimacy.
Developments in technology are challenging economists, businesses, and governments alike, confronting traditional methodologies and foundational ideas. Technology is genuinely disruptive.