India says it conducted “surgical strikes” along de facto border, but Pakistan calls incident “cross-border fire”.
On 18 September terrorists came across the border from Pakistan, attacked a fortified army base in Indian Kashmir and killed 19 soldiers. While the dilemma India confronts in deciding how to respond hasn’t changed substantially since the Mumbai attacks in November 2009, the political cost of inaction with each new attack is higher for the Hindu nationalist party. After the 2009 attacks, I listed six changing India–Pakistan equations; five remain relevant.
The absence of Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama from the recent Pacific Islands Forum’s Leaders’ Meeting in Pohnpei wasn’t a surprise: he hasn’t attended a Forum Leaders’ Meeting since 2007. But taking away the commission of his stand-in, Foreign Minister Ratu Inoke Kubuabola, while he was sitting in the absent PM’s chair at the Leaders’ Meeting was a surprise. So too was Fiji’s almost simultaneous announcement to withdraw support of the agreed legal text of the economic integration treaty PACER Plussponsored by the Forum.
Despite their unequivocal Europeanism, the Irish have been serially mistreated by the European Union.
Neither Brussels nor Moscow seem to have a clear understanding of what issues need to be included into the list of partnership destinations.
Shimon Peres, former Israeli President, former Prime Minister, and former member of Knesset died on Wednesday at the age of 93. “Peres was a highly respected and well-known politician. He represented a rare combination of a great politician and philosopher,” Zvi Magen, Research Fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies, Tel Aviv University, and former Israeli ambassador to Russia, told www.valdaiclub.com
On September 28, the Valdai Discussion Club hosted the presentation of a report titled “Schengen: Dead or Alive?” dedicated to migration issues in the European Union and possible challenges for Russia.
The safe, secure and reliable management of nuclear weapons has always been a complex and complicated business, plagued by uncertainty and risks.
But these challenges are being magnified and aggravated by new cyber tools, dynamics and capabilities, and from the threat posed by hackers seeking to gain access to, or interfere with, nuclear systems. This article covers such problems as the nature of the cyber challenge, new nuclear vulnerabilities, the role of cyber in deterring cyber-attacks as well as the cases of cyber-nuclear espionage.
It has been almost three weeks since North Korea conducted its fifth nuclear test, but China and the United States have not yet reached agreement on the text of a new UN Security Council resolution condemning the country.