Land trusts are the best way for governments in Asia to acquire private land for infrastructure projects. They also increase the likelihood that private companies will help build the roads, bridges, and railways that will keep economies growing.
Recent research by the Asian Development Bank Institute notes that political upheaval has often accompanied attempts by governments to take over private land for infrastructure projects. India, Nepal, Indonesia, and the Philippines have all faced opposition to forcible land expropriation. Projects have been delayed by years or even canceled because of sometimes-violent opposition to land takeovers.
About the authors
Saumik Paul is a senior economist at the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI).
Naoyuki Yoshino is dean of ADBI.
Vengadeshvaran Sarma is an economist at the University of Nottingham, Malaysia campus.
Saloni Lakhia is a graduate student at the International Christian University.
Girls now have more schooling on average than boys in the People’s Republic of China, reversing the age-old tradition of sons being better educated than daughters.
One driver of change is China’s rapid economic growth over the past several decades, which has raised female literacy and living standards, leading to females receiving more schooling. Government policies limiting families to just one child and requiring them to send all children to school are also major factors.
Kathleen McGarry and Xiaoting Sun of UCLA explain the factors contributing to the change in trend.