Along the border between Tunisia and Libya, informal trade agreements led to a tight-knit border economy. But political changes in both Libya and Tunisia have fundamentally altered the economic and security landscape.
The coronavirus pandemic is changing perspectives on governance and how armed forces interact with society, but nowhere is this more salient than in the Arab world
Egyptian and Turkish military businesses have used their institutional privileges to dominate their respective economies, but they have key differences. Turkey’s military businesses are centrally managed while Egypt’s use multiple complex conglomerates
ZEINAB ABUL-MAGD, İSMET AKÇA, SHANA MARSHALL
The Assad regime’s instinct to survive at any cost closed off opportunities for change in Syria, yet contentious politics was possible and is still taking place.
As Lebanon begins negotiations with the International Monetary Fund, the two sides will have to find the least painful path to adjustment in the country.
AMER BISAT, MARCEL CASSARD, ISHAC DIWAN
Extreme inequality underlies recent protests throughout the Middle East. Without drastic structural reform, a larger storm is brewing in the region.
The United States, Russia, and Iran have chosen markedly different approaches to security assistance in the Middle East, with dramatic implications for statebuilding and stability.
ROBERT SPRINGBORG, F.C. “PINK” WILLIAMS, JOHN ZAVAGE