The plight of indigenous peoples has drawn increased attention in recent years as they strive to retain their cultures and protect their ecosystems, lands and food traditions in the face of globalisation.
Indigenous food systems are typically biodiversity-rich, climate resilient and environmentally sustainable, and produce nutritious indigenous foods. Yet indigenous peoples are disproportionately affected by hunger and malnutrition, and the shift towards westernised diets high in energy-dense nutrient-poor food has led to rising obesity, diabetes and other non-communicable diseases.
Promoting indigenous plant and animal foods is a means to enhance nutrition and resilience to climate change. This report, from the Sustainable Diets for All advocacy programme, documents the status and importance of indigenous foods and food systems in Uganda in order to inform policies, programmes and action at the local and national level.
Angela Kimani, Anne-Marie Mayer, Krystyna Swiderska
Commercial agriculture can take different forms and there is great variety in how small-scale farmers engage with it. But despite this diversity, farmers often have little control over trading arrangements and commodity prices. They may be trapped in lopsided agreements that can squeeze incomes and make them liable for risks, such as unpredictable weather. These arrangements destabilise livelihoods but are often difficult to change, because value chain terms may be dictated by powerful forces at local to global levels. Policies and programmes designed to support rural producer agency — their ability to make informed choices, take effective action and influence the world around them — must understand and address these structural factors. Drawing on insights from producer associations, development agencies, government bodies, advocates and businesses, we explore how farmers and their communities are being supported to navigate structural factors.
Lorenzo Cotula, Emily Polack
The climate finance system is failing to respond to the triple crises of poverty, nature and climate. Going further and faster on climate action requires a whole-of-society response and more and better finance that reaches local levels. So, what needs to change? This briefing outlines a reimagined climate finance system led by agile, flexible, pro-poor and locally led adaptation financing institutions from across society that will facilitate more sustainable adaptation actions, and put decisions and resources into the hands of the people and places that need them most. Governments, civil society and the private sector must work together to identify and strengthen mechanisms to deliver a comprehensive adaptation response that will address poverty, restore degraded landscapes and adapt to climate change impacts. Donors and aid agencies must work together to coordinate their support.
In Mozambique, fisheries are important to the national economy and individual livelihoods. Shallow water shrimp fisheries (SWSF) provide an important source of income for many coastal communities. Yet the sustainability of SWSFs is under threat, due to overfishing, the rapid and uncontrolled expansion of the artisanal fishing subsector, and the use of destructive fishing techniques, coupled with habitat destruction (in particular mangroves) and pollution. This also negatively impacts on the livelihoods of fishing communities and government revenues. Urgent measures are required to halt the depletion. This study analyses current fiscal policies for sustainable and fair fisheries in Mozambique, focusing on small-scale fisheries, particularly shallow water shrimp fisheries. In the SWSF, artisanal fishers are important not only economically but also socially. The working paper includes a series of policy recommendations linked to fiscal reforms to further support these efforts while furthering environmental goals. The recommendations are grouped into two main areas: equitable fiscal reforms, and expenditures and revenues for sustainable resource management.
Elisio Nhantumbo, Baiba Gaile
Las dietas de los bolivianos han tenido una importante transformación en los últimos años como consecuencia de la urbanización, el incremento en el poder adquisitivo, y los cambios en las preferencias de los consumidores. A pesar de ello, el sistema alimentario de ciudades como La Paz está todavía fundamentado sobre los mercados mayoristas y minoristas tradicionales. Los comedores populares – sitios de venta de comida preparada que operan dentro de estos mercados – ocupan un lugar importante dentro de este sistema como puntos de acceso de comida nutritiva y asequible, y como repositorios del patrimonio culinario nacional. Sin embargo, la viabilidad de estos comedores está siendo amenazada por la competencia y por los cambios en los patrones de consumo. En este trabajo presentamos un estudio hecho en conjunto con las vendedoras de los comedores de los mercados de Achumani y Obrajes en la ciudad de La Paz. La investigación fue guiada en gran medida por los intereses y las preocupaciones de las vendedoras. En común acuerdo, y con su colaboración, realizamos encuestas a sus clientes para entender mejor sus preferencias y opiniones sobre los comedores. Finalmente, discutimos los resultados con las vendedoras para que sean útiles para las vendedoras y sus negocios.
Jorge Vladimir García, Marcelo Collao, Alejandro Guarín