Dr. Shelley Cazares, Emily Parrish, and Dr. Jenny Holzer are research scientists at the Institute for Defense Analyses in Alexandria, Virginia, a nonprofit corporation operating three federally funded research and development centers. Cazares earned her B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science from MIT and Ph.D. in engineering science as a Marshall Scholar in the University of Oxford’s signal processing and neural networks research laboratory. Parrish graduated from the College of William and Mary with a B.S. in chemistry and is currently earning her M.S. in data analytics at The George Washington University. Holzer earned her B.S. in physics at Ohio University and Ph.D. in physics at the University of Cincinnati.