Turkey under Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is constantly looking for opportunities to enhance its status as a regional superpower and promote its Islamist ideology in the Arab Middle East. Libya is the newest arena in which Erdoğan is trying to capitalize on inter-Arab rivalries, this time in service to his desire to lay claim to gas under the seabed of the Mediterranean.
Turkish intervention in Libya’s war stopped the besieged Tripoli government from collapsing. But fighting with Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s forces has since escalated, threatening a protracted conflict. Both Ankara and Haftar’s regional backers should urge their allies toward a return to negotiations and a ceasefire.
Renewed clashes in Libya have confirmed the intractable nature of the country’s conflict. Its unpredictability is not only challenging the feeble response of the international community, but also exposing its divisions, argue Amanda Lapo and Umberto Profazio.
Les résultats de la conférence sur la Libye à Berlin de janvier 2020 sont considérés à juste titre comme un succès. Le gouvernement fédéral allemand a réussi à réunir tous les acteurs du conflit. Même si les deux parties principales ont refusé de se parler directement, la conférence a permis de traiter les premières mesures à prendre pour parvenir à un cessez-le-feu durable entre les acteurs libyens et non à se focaliser sur la guerre civile et ses soutiens extérieurs.
Tobias Pietz Chef adjoint de la division d’analyse, Centre pour les opérations internationales de paix (ZIF) à Berlin
General Khalifa Haftar and the Libya National Army (LNA) is edging ever closer to a military victory in the civil war even as world powers push the warring parties towards peace.
Cyril Widdershoven is a Middle East defense energy analyst and the Director at Verocy B.V., a consultancy based in the Netherlands.
The EU bureaucrats believe that the Berlin conference on Libya has won back the initiative to resolve the regional crisis in the Middle East. This is a fallacy. The key to resolving the problems of this region is no longer in Washington, Brussels or Berlin – but in Moscow, Ankara and Beijing.
On January 19, an international conference on the situation in Libya was held in Berlin, during which, at the invitation of Chancellor Angela Merkel, representatives of a number of interested states took part – Algeria, Great Britain, Germany, Egypt, Italy, China, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of Congo, Russia, the USA, Turkey, France, as well as representatives of international organisations and associations – the United Nations, the African Union, the European Union and the League of Arab States. Fayez al-Sarraj, Chairman of the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), and Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA), were invited to participate in the meeting.
Last week’s inauguration of a new Egyptian military base on the Red Sea was heavy with the symbolism of the rivalries shaping the future of the Middle East as well as north and east Africa.
Aid workers say they have first-hand testimony of migrants being sold to traffickers after being taken to Libyan detention centres
By Nellie Peyton