Yet more failed diplomacy in Libya? (IISS)

Renewed clashes in Libya have confirmed the intractable nature of the country’s conflict. Its unpredictability is not only challenging the feeble response of the international community, but also exposing its divisions, argue Amanda Lapo and Umberto Profazio.

Faut-il une nouvelle opération Sophia ? La Libye a besoin de persévérance, pas d’actions impulsives (Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique)

Les résultats de la conférence sur la Libye à Berlin de janvier 2020 sont considérés à juste titre comme un succès. Le gouvernement fédéral allemand a réussi à réunir tous les acteurs du conflit. Même si les deux parties principales ont refusé de se parler directement, la conférence a permis de traiter les premières mesures à prendre pour parvenir à un cessez-le-feu durable entre les acteurs libyens et non à se focaliser sur la guerre civile et ses soutiens extérieurs.

Tobias Pietz Chef adjoint de la division d’analyse, Centre pour les opérations internationales de paix (ZIF) à Berlin

Libya’s Haftar moving towards a military victory as Europe pushes for peace (Al Arabiya)

General Khalifa Haftar and the Libya National Army (LNA) is edging ever closer to a military victory in the civil war even as world powers push the warring parties towards peace.

Cyril Widdershoven is a Middle East defense energy analyst and the Director at Verocy B.V., a consultancy based in the Netherlands.

The EU and Libya: Rediscovering a Realpolitik (Valdai Discussion Club)

The EU bureaucrats believe that the Berlin conference on Libya has won back the initiative to resolve the regional crisis in the Middle East. This is a fallacy. The key to resolving the problems of this region is no longer in Washington, Brussels or Berlin – but in Moscow, Ankara and Beijing.

Alexander Rahr

The Berlin Conference on Libya: Fragile Hopes (Valdai Discussion Club)

On January 19, an international conference on the situation in Libya was held in Berlin, during which, at the invitation of Chancellor Angela Merkel, representatives of a number of interested states took part – Algeria, Great Britain, Germany, Egypt, Italy, China, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of Congo, Russia, the USA, Turkey, France, as well as representatives of international organisations and associations – the United Nations, the African Union, the European Union and the League of Arab States. Fayez al-Sarraj, Chairman of the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), and Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA), were invited to participate in the meeting.

Grigory Lukyanov

The Battle for Libya: The UAE Calls the Shots (BESA Center)

Last week’s inauguration of a new Egyptian military base on the Red Sea was heavy with the symbolism of the rivalries shaping the future of the Middle East as well as north and east Africa.


Trafficking risk high for hundreds of migrants sent back to Libya (Thomson Reuters Foundation News)

Aid workers say they have first-hand testimony of migrants being sold to traffickers after being taken to Libyan detention centres

By Nellie Peyton

Libya’s Haftar and the Fezzan: one year on (Clingendael)

Since early 2019, Libya’s eastern-based military commander Khalifa Haftar has exerted significant efforts to position his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) as the territorially-dominant force across the country’s western half. An ostensible takeover of the Fezzan, the country’s southwestern province, was the first step of that conquest attempt. This policy brief examines the depth of the LNA’s territorial gains there, and describes the dynamics used. Haftar’s discourse, which depicts his armed coalition as the sole entity capable of countering extremism and ensuring stability, stands in contrast with the reality.