Turkey and the Libyan and Syrian Civil Wars (BESA Center)

Turkey under Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is constantly looking for opportunities to enhance its status as a regional superpower and promote its Islamist ideology in the Arab Middle East. Libya is the newest arena in which Erdoğan is trying to capitalize on inter-Arab rivalries, this time in service to his desire to lay claim to gas under the seabed of the Mediterranean.


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Turkey Wades into Libya’s Troubled Waters (ICG)

Turkish intervention in Libya’s war stopped the besieged Tripoli government from collapsing. But fighting with Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s forces has since escalated, threatening a protracted conflict. Both Ankara and Haftar’s regional backers should urge their allies toward a return to negotiations and a ceasefire.


Yet more failed diplomacy in Libya? (IISS)

Renewed clashes in Libya have confirmed the intractable nature of the country’s conflict. Its unpredictability is not only challenging the feeble response of the international community, but also exposing its divisions, argue Amanda Lapo and Umberto Profazio.


Faut-il une nouvelle opération Sophia ? La Libye a besoin de persévérance, pas d’actions impulsives (Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique)

Les résultats de la conférence sur la Libye à Berlin de janvier 2020 sont considérés à juste titre comme un succès. Le gouvernement fédéral allemand a réussi à réunir tous les acteurs du conflit. Même si les deux parties principales ont refusé de se parler directement, la conférence a permis de traiter les premières mesures à prendre pour parvenir à un cessez-le-feu durable entre les acteurs libyens et non à se focaliser sur la guerre civile et ses soutiens extérieurs.


Tobias Pietz Chef adjoint de la division d’analyse, Centre pour les opérations internationales de paix (ZIF) à Berlin

Libya’s Haftar moving towards a military victory as Europe pushes for peace (Al Arabiya)

General Khalifa Haftar and the Libya National Army (LNA) is edging ever closer to a military victory in the civil war even as world powers push the warring parties towards peace.


Cyril Widdershoven is a Middle East defense energy analyst and the Director at Verocy B.V., a consultancy based in the Netherlands.

The EU and Libya: Rediscovering a Realpolitik (Valdai Discussion Club)

The EU bureaucrats believe that the Berlin conference on Libya has won back the initiative to resolve the regional crisis in the Middle East. This is a fallacy. The key to resolving the problems of this region is no longer in Washington, Brussels or Berlin – but in Moscow, Ankara and Beijing.


Alexander Rahr