Trafficking risk high for hundreds of migrants sent back to Libya (Thomson Reuters Foundation News)

Aid workers say they have first-hand testimony of migrants being sold to traffickers after being taken to Libyan detention centres

By Nellie Peyton

Libya’s Haftar and the Fezzan: one year on (Clingendael)

Since early 2019, Libya’s eastern-based military commander Khalifa Haftar has exerted significant efforts to position his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) as the territorially-dominant force across the country’s western half. An ostensible takeover of the Fezzan, the country’s southwestern province, was the first step of that conquest attempt. This policy brief examines the depth of the LNA’s territorial gains there, and describes the dynamics used. Haftar’s discourse, which depicts his armed coalition as the sole entity capable of countering extremism and ensuring stability, stands in contrast with the reality.

Italy’s Libyan conundrum: The risks of short-term thinking (ECFR)

By prioritising short-term gains in irregular migration and energy security, Italy and the EU have helped create an unsustainable security and political situation in Libya.

Arturo Varvelli and Matteo Villa