A roadmap toward a common framework for measuring the digital erconomy (OECD)


SIGI 2020 Regional Report for Latin America and the Caribbean (OECD)

Gender equality and women’s empowerment can only be achieved if countries take action to tackle and eliminate discrimination in their legal frameworks, social norms and practices. The SIGI 2020 Regional Report for Latin America and the Caribbean provides new evidence-based analysis on the setbacks and progress in achieving gender equality between 2014 and 2019. The report uncovers discrimination in social institutions faced by Latin American and Caribbean women in various dimensions; within the family and household context, in relation to physical integrity and access to productive and financial resources, as well within the political and civil spheres. It also explores various development perspectives such as the cost of discriminatory social institutions for Latin American and Caribbean countries and the socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for women and girls. Building on the regional and sub-regional analysis of how discriminatory social institutions continue to hinder efforts toward SDG 5, the report provides a set of policy recommendations to reshape gender norms, promote women’s empowerment and build a truly inclusive society.


Quality Infrastructure in 21st Century Africa (OECD)

At the 18th International Economic Forum on Africa, at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in October 2018, President Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana gave our two organisations a challenge. He requested a technical investigation into why African governments are increasingly turning to emerging economies, notably China, for large infrastructure projects, with the more compact timeframes that their policy banks and contractors offer, compared with Africa’s mainstream development partners. This report is a response to that challenge and a result of our work together through a programme of case studies, research and high-level expert discussions, to contribute elucidating this phenomenon.


Strengthening health systems during a pandemic: The role of development finance (OECD)

Pandemic preparedness and response are quintessential “global public goods”: unless the new coronavirus is controlled everywhere, the risk of pandemic resurgence remains. This paper presents the key role of development finance in helping developing countries’ health systems prepare and respond to outbreaks. Yet, the global architecture is proving insufficient – and the risk is great that developing countries will be deeply affected by the direct consequences of the outbreak.Development finance for health requires a shift in support towards more focused investments in transnational activities. It also needs to move from targeted support to specific communicable diseases, to more systemic resources to prevent chronic diseases and meeting the challenge of universal health coverage.Strengthening health systems during a pandemic: The role of development finance

Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence (OECD)

This paper identifies and measures developments in science, algorithms and technologies related to artificial intelligence (AI). Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, it finds a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. Since 2015, AI-related publications have increased by 23% per year; from 2014 to 2018, AI-related OSS contributions grew at a rate three times greater than other OSS contributions; and AI-related inventions comprised, on average, more than 2.3% of IP5 patent families in 2017. China’s growing role in the AI space also emerges. The analysis relies on a three-pronged approach based on established bibliometric and patent-based methods, and machine learning (ML) implemented on purposely collected OSS data.