Modernizing the World Trade Organization (CIGI)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is experiencing a crisis of legitimacy — trade wars rage on and the Appellate Body is unable to function. With negotiations at a standstill and disagreements on fundamental issues widening, the WTO is struggling to respond effectively to the challenges of rapid economic, political, social, technological and environmental change. Overcoming these urgent challenges will require a great deal of political will and international cooperation from member states. In this essay series, first published online, authors examine where the WTO is falling short, consider the opportunities that lie ahead and discuss options for a modernized WTO.



A Reset of the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body (CFR)

The Trump administration has destroyed the World Trade Organization’s Appellate Body, much to the dismay of those needing the certainty of a rules-based trading system. Three reforms could get it back on track.

Jennifer Anne Hillman