There is growing interest in a comprehensive NATO response to China, first proposed by Stoltenberg at the Munich Security Conference in January, and reaffirmed in Washington by US and German officials. Such a response would correspond to the nascent trend towards bifurcation resulting from the US containment strategy. The United States and the EU have cooperated in the WTO against China and they continue to uphold their arms embargo. However, German business maintains a massive, if tenuous, presence in China. Europe is far more vulnerable to a trade war with China than the United States.