The Global Eye – Friends (2)

  1. Michael Ash is professor of economics and public policy in the Economics Department and School of Public Policy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. His areas of interest are labor, health, and environmental economics, examined through quantitative models. Ash’s main interests in environmental policy include disclosure and right-to-know laws, greenhouse-gas policy, and environmental justice. At UMass Amherst, Ash co-directs the Corporate Toxics Information Project of the Political Economy Research Institute, which publishes the Toxic 100, an index that identifies top U.S. toxic polluters among large corporations. In 2013, Ph.D. student Thomas Herndon, colleague Robert Pollin, and Ash critiqued the argument of Harvard University economics professors Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff that high public debt strangles economic growth. Herndon, Ash, and Pollin identified errors in Reinhart-Rogoff, undermined its key arguments, and spurred reassessment of the austerity agenda. Ash also served as staff labor economist for the Council of Economic Advisers (Washington, DC) in 1995-1996 and as Princeton Project 55 Fellow for the Trenton Office of Policy Studies (Trenton, NJ) in 1991-1992. He is the coauthor, with Francisco Louçã, of Shadow Networks: Financial Disorder and the System that Caused Crisis (Oxford University Press, 2018) and has written articles on topics including environmental justice, unionization, and public debt. He received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to support his research on the relationship between hospital labor unions, wages, and patient safety. Ash was a Fulbright Fellow in Budapest, Hungary, and served as a staff labor economist for the Council of Economic Advisors. He has received a UMass Amherst Outstanding Accomplishment in Research Award, a College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Outstanding Teaching Award, and recognition as one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers.
  2. Pratnashree Basu is an Associate Fellow at Observer Research Foundation, Kolkata, with the Strategic Studies and Maritime Initiative. She is a 2017 US Department of State IVLP Fellow. She is currently working on the role of technology in the maritime industry and maritime law and governance. Prior to this she has contributed to the project on ‘India’s Maritime Connectivity’ and has worked on the project – ‘Proximity to Connectivity: India and its Eastern and Southeastern Neighbours.’ She has also been Associate Editor and Coordinator of the South China Sea MonitorChina Weekly and South Asia Weekly — ORF’s bulletins collating the key issues and developments in these regions. Her recent publications include papers titled, a) Breathing new life into BIMSTEC: Challenges and imperatives, b) BIMSTEC and the fourth industrial revolution: The role of technology in regional development, and c) High tide in the South China Sea: Why the maritime rules-based order is consequential.
  3. Gary Dymski is Professor of Applied Economics at the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a BA in urban studies from the University of Pennsylvania in 1975, an MPA from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University in 1977. He worked for the Legal Services Organization of Indiana as an economic analyst and was staff director for the Democratic caucus in the Indiana State Senate. After completing his doctoral studies in economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and spending 1985-86 as a Research Fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution, he joined the economics faculty at the University of Southern California in 1986. In 1991 he entered the University of California, Riverside economics faculty; being promoted to professor in 2000. From 2003 to 2009, Gary was the founding Executive Director of the University of California Center, Sacramento, a UC-wide public policy center in California’s state capitol. Gary has been a visiting scholar in universities and research centers in Brazil, Bangladesh, Japan, Korea, Great Britain, Greece, and India. Gary has published articles, books, and chapters on banking, financial fragility, urban development, credit-market discrimination, the Latin American and Asian financial crises, exploitation, housing finance, the subprime lending crisis, financial regulation, the Eurozone crisis, and economic policy. Gary is a co-founder of Leeds ACTS, a research collaborative involving Leeds’ third-sector organizations and universities, and serves as the University of Leeds representative on the Leeds City Council’s Third Sector Assembly. From 2015 to January 2019, he was co-leader of the University of Leeds’ Cities research theme. He is currently a co-investigator in the ESRC Productivity Insights Network project and in the EPSRC Self-Healing robotics project, as well as leading a research hub for the ESRC Rebuilding Macroeconomics network-plus program. He is a member of the UK Commission on a Gender Equal Economy and an advisor to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  4. James K. Galbraith holds the Lloyd M. Bentsen Jr. Chair in Government/Business Relations at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and a professorship in Government at The University of Texas at Austin. Originally educated as a Cambridge Keynesian and in the policy crucible of the US Congress in the 1970s and early 1980s, he was responsible for the congressional oversight of monetary policy that emerged in those years. His academic work in recent decades has turned on the development and use of reliable measures of economic inequalities at national and global scale, with an emphasis on reinforcing the empirical foundations of an Institutionalist analysis. He writes as well on key issues of current political economy and teaches on inequalities, the international economy and the modern history of economic thought. Galbraith studied economics as a Marshall Scholar at King’s College, Cambridge, and holds degrees from Harvard University (BA) and Yale University (MA, M.Phil, PhD). He was Executive Director of the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress in the early 1980s . He chaired the board of Economists for Peace and Security from 1996 to 2016 ( and directs the University of Texas Inequality Project ( He is a managing editor of Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, and a member of the Visiting Faculty of the Moscow School of Economics. From 1993 to 1997, he served as Chief Technical Adviser to China’s State Planning Commission for macroeconomic reform, and in the first half of 2015 he served as an informal counselor to the Greek Minister of Finance. He has worked on or advised presidential campaigns going back to Eugene McCarthy in 1968 and George McGovern in 1972, and extending forward to Bernie Sanders in 2016 and 2020. In 2010, he was elected to the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. In 2012 he served as President of the Association for Evolutionary Economics. In 2014 he was co-winner of the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economics. In 2020 he received the Veblen-Commons Award of the Association for Evolutionary Economics. He holds honorary degrees from the Université Pierre Mendes-France in Grenoble and from the Plekhanov University of Economics in Moscow, and an Honorary Professorship at the State Economics University of the Urals, Ekaterinburg. Galbraith’s books include: Welcome to the Poisoned Chalice: The Destruction of Greece and the Future of Europe (2016);
    Inequality: What Everyone Needs to Know (2016); The End of Normal: The Great Crisis and the Future of Growth (2014); Inequality and Instability: A Study of the World Economy Just Before the Great Crisis (2012); The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and Why Liberals Should Too (2008); Unbearable Cost: Bush, Greenspan, and the Economics of Empire (2006); Inequality and Industrial Change: A Global View (with M. Berner) (2001);
    Created Unequal: The Crisis in American Pay (1998); Macroeconomics (with W. Darity Jr.) (1992); Balancing Acts: Technology, Finance and the American Future (1989).
  5. Teresa Ghilarducci is a labor economist and nationally-recognized expert in retirement security. She holds the Irene and Bernard L. Schwartz Chair in economic policy analysis in the Economics Department at the New School for Social Research and directs the Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA) that focuses on economic policy research and outreach. She is also a Research Associate at the Economic Policy Institute (EPI). Ghilarducci was professor of economics at the University of Notre Dame for 25 years prior to joining The New School. Currently she serves as a trustee for two retiree health care trusts: one for the United Auto Worker (UAW) retirees at GM, Ford, and Chrysler, and the other for Steelworker retirees at Goodyear. She was twice appointed by President Clinton to serve on the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation advisory board. Her most recent book, Rescuing Retirement: A Plan to Guarantee Retirement Security for All Americans, offers solutions to the growing retirement crisis in the U.S.
  6. Francis Ghilès is a trilingual (English, French and Spanish) political scientist who through eighteen years with The Financial Times reporting on international capital markets and North Africa has built up extensive experience and high level contacts throughout the Western Mediterranean, the UK, the USA and Japan. He is now based at CIDOB where he analyses emerging security, political, economic and energy trends in the region and connects them to European, US and North African policy priorities. Lectures US:Columbia, NYC University, Harvard, Tufts,Princeton, University of California, Wharton Business School, CSIS, Stimson Centre, The Pentagon, Brookings, Council of Foreign Relations, Peterson Institute, German Marshall Fund, World Bank; Arab Bankers Association. France: SciencesPo Paris, INSEAD, EuroMed Marseille, EHESS, IFRI, Ministère de la Défense Nationale, Institut de la Méditerranée; Ipemed. UK: RIIA, Royal College of Defence, IISS, Shrivenham, Ditchley Foundation, Bow Group, Magnet Society. Other: NATO Defense College; Canadian Security Intelligence; Japanese Institute of Middle Eastern Economies; Salzburg Global & The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies; Real Instituto El Cano; Aspen Institute; Bertelsmann Foundation, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung; Friedrich Naumann Foundation; Iscae & ECONOMIA, Morocco; Institut de Stratégie Globale Algeria; Bahçesehir University, Istanbul; American University Beirut. Freelance assignments Newspapers – International Herald Tribune, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Le Monde – Les Echos, Libération, El Pais, La Vanguardia, The Financial Times Magazines – Institutional Investor, Euromoney, Nature,Times Literary Supplement, Pouvoirs, – Le Monde Diplomatique, Politique Etrangère, Politica Exterior, Radio – BBC World Service, CBC, RFI, France 24, Radio Nacional de España TV – BBC, al-Djazeera ITV, CNN, ABC, LCI, RTE Other experience – Research Assistant to Pierre Mendès France, MP and the Mayor of – Grenoble (winter Olympics 1968) 1967 – 1968 – Co-founder of the annual Mediterranean Gas Conference 1991- – Comité Scientifique, Institut de la Méditerranée, Marseille 1995- – Founder of The North Africa Business Development Forum, Barcelona 2002- – Senior Fellow IEMed, Barcelona 2004- 2008 – Senior Researcher, CIDOB, Barcelona 2009- – Founder of From the Cost of No Maghreb to the North African Tiger 2006- – Coordinator of the report Maghreb Regional and Global Integration: A Dream to be Fulfilled, The Peterson Institute, Washington DC 2008 – Convener of CIDOB-OCP seminars The Mediterranean in a multi-polar world up to 2030 2010-2011. Francis Ghilès earned advanced degrees from St Antony’s College Oxford and the University of Keele. He graduated from SciencePo Grenoble with distinction.
  7. Alice Hill is senior fellow for climate change policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, where her work focuses on the risks, consequences, and responses associated with climate change. She previously served as special assistant to President Barack Obama and senior director for resilience policy on the National Security Council staff where she led the development of national policy to build resilience to catastrophic risks, including climate change and biological threats. In 2009, Hill served as Senior Counselor to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in which she led the formulation of DHS’s first-ever climate adaptation plan and the development of strategic plans regarding catastrophic biological and chemical threats, including pandemics. While at the Department of Homeland Security, Hill founded and led the internationally recognized anti-human trafficking initiative, the Blue Campaign. Earlier in her career, she was a supervising judge on the Los Angeles Superior Court and chief of the white-collar crime unit in the United States Attorney’s Office in Los Angeles, California. Her writing has appeared in numerous publications, including Axios, The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, CNN, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, and Lawfare. Oxford University Press published her coauthored book, Building a Resilient Tomorrow, in 2019. In 2020, Yale University awarded her the Public Voices Fellowship on the Climate Crisis. She currently serves on the boards of the Environmental Defense Fund, the International Military Council on Climate and Security, the Council on Strategic Risks, One Concern, and Munich Re Group’s U.S. based companies.
  8. James M. Lindsay is senior vice president, director of studies, and Maurice R. Greenberg chair at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), where he oversees the work of the more than six dozen fellows in CFR’s David Rockefeller Studies Program. He has written widely on the American foreign policymaking process. His most recent book, co-authored with Ivo H. Daalder, is The Empty Throne: America’s Abdication of Global Leadership. His previous book with Ambassador Daalder, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, was awarded the Lionel Gelber Prize. He has been a senior fellow in foreign policy studies at the Brookings Institution, taught at the University of Iowa and the University of Texas, and in 1996–97 served as director for global issues and multilateral affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. Dr. Lindsay writes the blog The Water’s Edge, hosts the weekly podcast, The President’s Inbox, and co-hosts the weekly podcast, The World Next Week
  9. Thomas Pogge. Having received his PhD in philosophy from Harvard, Thomas Pogge is Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs and founding Director of the Global Justice Program at Yale. Pogge is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science as well as co-founder of Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP), an international network aiming to enhance the impact of scholars, teachers and students on global poverty, and of Incentives for Global Health, a team effort toward developing a complement to the pharmaceutical patent regime that would improve access to advanced medicines for the poor worldwide ( More information at
  10. Jenik Radon is Adjunct Professor at the School of Public and International Affairs, Columbia University, where he teaches in the area of sustainable natural resource development with a focus on risk and strategic management, sovereignty and human rights, especially environment, minority rights (including social license) and anticorruption. This year he will be teaching a class on what it takes to globally, and scalably, manufacture an anti-coronavirus vaccine in an injectable form. He is the founder/director of the Eesti and Eurasian Public Service Fellowship, which has provided students from Columbia, Stanford Law School and other institutions the opportunity to intern with governments and civil society in emerging nations across the global, including Bhutan, Cambodia, Ecuador, Estonia, Georgia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nepal, Philippines, Tanzania and Uganda. Radon has been a recipient of SIPA’s “Top Five”; and one of his Capstone classes won the Dr. Susan Aurelia Gitelson Award for Human Values in International Affairs for the report “Oil: Uganda’s Opportunity for Prosperity.” He has also supervised Capstone classes examining the resource curse, and its impact, in Colombia, Mozambique, Namibia, Peru and Tanzania and the potential of small states, specifically Estonia and Namibia, to be global leaders. Radon was awarded a Fulbright to Makerere University Law School in Uganda. He serves as a member of the Board of Advisors/Directors of Stevens Business School, Direct Relief, the Harriman Institute, American University of Bulgaria and Soldiers for Wildlife. Prior to joining Columbia, Radon was a lecturer at Stanford University’s law and business schools, where he taught access to medicine, international human rights, privatization and international investment management. He was a visiting professor at the Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research in Mumbai, India, where he taught “Dynamics of Corruption,” which explored the sociological, psychological and legal roots of corruption. Radon was the Ashton J. and Virginia Graham O’Donnell Visiting Professor/Educator at Whitman College. Radon has also taught at Tartu University law school in Estonia, Monterrey Tech, Queretaro in Mexico, and at Externado University in Bogota, Colombia. Radon participated in the constitutional peace process of Nepal and served as a drafter of the interim (2006) peace constitution, which, among other things, granted citizenship to millions of stateless people in the Terai region. In that regard, he published several op-eds to educate the public about the constitutional process and citizen’s rights: “The Constituent Assembly, a place of and for all voices,” and the “Constitution – A Living Instrument,” (Kantipur Online). He has served on the UN Global Compact Academic Initiative taskforce which seeks to have business schools incorporate the Compact’s 10 human rights principles into their curriculum. He has published extensively including “Walk Tall!, A Beautiful Tomorrow For Emerging Nations, An Anthology of Inclusive Principles For National Growth and Prosperity: Equity, Rule of Law and Sustainable Natural Resource Development,” which was published in conjunction with the 2018 APEC conference in Papua New Guinea. He has been awarded Estonia’s Order of the Cross Terra Mariana and Georgia’s Order of Honor. For the complete bio, please see:
  11. Jeffrey D. Sachs is a world-renowned economics professor, bestselling author, innovative educator, and global leader in sustainable development.  He is widely recognized for bold and effective strategies to address complex challenges including debt crises, hyperinflations, the transition from central planning to market economies, the control of AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, the escape from extreme poverty, and the battle against human-induced climate change.  He is Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, a commissioner of the UN Broadband Commission for Development, and an SDG Advocate for UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres. From 2001-18, Sachs served as Special Advisor to the UN Secretary General, for Kofi Annan(2001-7), Ban Ki-moon (2008-16), and Antonio Guterres (2017-18). Professor Sachs was the co-recipient of the 2015 Blue Planet Prize, the leading global prize for environmental leadership. He was twice named among Time magazine’s 100 most influential world leaders and has received 28 honorary degrees.  The New York Times called Sachs “probably the most important economist in the world,” and Time magazine called Sachs “the world’s best-known economist.” A survey by The Economist ranked Sachs as among the three most influential living economists. Professor Sachs serves as the Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University.  He is University Professor at Columbia University, the university’s highest academic rank. Sachs was Director of the Earth Institute from 2002 to 2016. Sachs has authored and edited numerous books, including three New York Times bestsellers,The End of Poverty (2005), Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet (2008), and The Price of Civilization (2011).  Other books include To Move the World: JFK’s Quest for Peace (2013), The Age of Sustainable Development (2015), Building the New American Economy: Smart, Fair & Sustainable (2017), A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism (2018), and most recently, Ages of Globalization: Geography, Technology, and Institutions (2020). Prior to joining Columbia, Sachs spent over twenty years as a professor at Harvard University, most recently as the Galen L. Stone Professor of International Trade. A native of Detroit, Michigan, Sachs received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees at Harvard.
  12. Saskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology at Columbia University and a Member of its Committee on Global Thought, which she chaired from 2009 till 2015. She is a student of cities, immigration, and states in the world economy, with inequality, gendering and digitization three key variables running though her work. Born in the Netherlands, she grew up in Argentina and Italy, studied in France, was raised in five languages, and began her professional life in the United States. She is the author of eight books and the editor or co-editor of three books. Together, her authored books are translated in over twenty languages. She has received many awards and honors, among them thirteen doctor honoris causa, over 25 named lectures, named one of the hundred women in science, the 2013 Principe de Asturias Prize in the Social Sciences, election as a Foreign Member of the Royal Academy of the Sciences of the Netherlands, and made a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French government.
  13. Eduardo Strachman – Associate Professor of Economics, São Paulo State University (Unesp, Brazil), since 2003, has a BSc (1986), MSc (1992) and a PhD (2000) in Economics from the Institute of Economics of the State University of Campinas (Unicamp, Brazil). His chief areas of interest are: industrial economics, macroeconomics and monetary economics. He has also published some studies in transnational enterprises, institutional economics and economic methodology. He has published in most of the main economic journals of Brazil, as well as in some foreign economic journal, as in the Cepal Review (UNO), Journal of Post Keynesian Economics (USA), PSL Quarterly Review (Univ. Rome, Italy), Ola Financiera (UNAM, Mexico), and chapters in books edited in Brazil, and also abroad, by Routledge and Oxford U.P.
  14. Sung-Young Kim is Senior Lecturer in the Discipline of Politics & International Relations at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. He teaches postgraduate and undergraduate courses on International Political Economy, the Comparative Politics of East Asia, and International Relations. His work focuses on greening and the evolution of development strategy in East Asia. His latest articles on this topic include: ‘National Competitive Advantage and Energy Transitions in Korea and Taiwan’, New Political Economy, DOI: 10.1080/13563467.2020.1755245; ‘Hybridized industrial ecosystems and the makings of a new developmental infrastructure in East Asia’s green energy sector’, Review of International Political Economy, 26(1); ‘Korea’s Greening Strategy’ The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, 2016, 14(24) (with J.A. Mathews); ‘Developmental Environmentalism’ Politics & Society, 2015, 43(2) (with E. Thurbon).
    His research has also focused on the evolution of East Asia’s developmental states as they leapfrog from technological imitation to innovation. To this end, he has published ‘Transitioning from Fast-Follower to Innovator’ Review of International Political Economy, 2012, 19(1); ‘The Politics of Technological Upgrading in South Korea’ New Political Economy, 2012, 17(3) and ‘The Rise of East Asia’s Global Companies’ Global Policy, 2013, 4(2).