- Beijing’s handling of the pandemic has changed long-standing European assumptions about its reliability as a crisis actor and its approach to the European project.
- Europe’s immediate medical-supply needs and dire economic situation will limit the scope of shifts in its China policy – for now.
- But, on issues ranging from supply chains to ideological competition, European governments have rebalanced their view of what dynamics with China should look like in the aftermath.
- The crisis is also intensifying demands from European parliaments, media outlets, and citizens for Europe to puts its China policy on a more open, accountable, and values-based footing.
- Governments’ pursuit of a “business as usual” approach to Beijing is growing harder to sustain.